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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

أخبار الأيام الثاني [25] 2Chronicles
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Chapter Summary
أمصيا يملك على يهوذا
1 مَلَكَ أَمَصْيَا وَهُوَ ابْنُ خَمْسٍ وَعِشْرِينَ سَنَةً، وَمَلَكَ تِسْعًا وَعِشْرِينَ سَنَةً فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ، وَاسْمُ أُمِّهِ يَهُوعَدَّانُ مِنْ أُورُشَلِيمَ.1 Amaziah was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jehoaddan of Jerusalem.
2 وَعَمِلَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ فِي عَيْنَيِ الرَّبِّ، وَلكِنْ لَيْسَ بِقَلْبٍ كَامِل.2 And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, but not with a perfect heart.
3 وَلَمَّا تَثَبَّتَتِ الْمَمْلَكَةُ عَلَيْهِ قَتَلَ عَبِيدَهُ الَّذِينَ قَتَلُوا الْمَلِكَ أَبَاهُ.3 Now it came to pass, when the kingdom was established to him, that he slew his servants that had killed the king his father.
4 وَأَمَّا بَنُوهُمْ فَلَمْ يَقْتُلْهُمْ، بَلْ كَمَا هُوَ مَكْتُوبٌ فِي الشَّرِيعَةِ فِي سِفْرِ مُوسَى حَيْثُ أَمَرَ الرَّبُّ قَائِلاً: «لاَ تَمُوتُ الآبَاءُ لأَجْلِ الْبَنِينَ، وَلاَ الْبَنُونَ يَمُوتُونَ لأَجْلِ الآبَاءِ، بَلْ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ يَمُوتُ لأَجْلِ خَطِيَّتِهِ».4 But he slew not their children, but did as it is written in the law in the book of Moses, where the LORD commanded, saying, The fathers shall not die for the children, neither shall the children die for the fathers, but every man shall die for his own sin.
5 وَجَمَعَ أَمَصْيَا يَهُوذَا وَأَقَامَهُمْ حَسَبَ بُيُوتِ الآبَاءِ رُؤَسَاءَ أُلُوفٍ وَرُؤَسَاءَ مِئَاتٍ فِي كُلِّ يَهُوذَا وَبَنْيَامِينَ، وَأَحْصَاهُمْ مِنِ ابْنِ عِشْرِينَ سَنَةً فَمَا فَوْقُ، فَوَجَدَهُمْ ثَلاَثَ مِئَةِ أَلْفِ مُخْتَارٍ خَارِجٍ لِلْحَرْبِ حَامِلِ رُمْحٍ وَتُرْسٍ.5 Moreover Amaziah gathered Judah together, and made them captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, according to the houses of their fathers, throughout all Judah and Benjamin: and he numbered them from twenty years old and above, and found them three hundred thousand choice men, able to go forth to war, that could handle spear and shield.
6 وَاسْتَأْجَرَ مِنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ مِئَةَ أَلْفِ جَبَّارِ بَأْسٍ بِمِئَةِ وَزْنَةٍ مِنَ الْفِضَّةِ.6 He hired also an hundred thousand mighty men of valor out of Israel for an hundred talents of silver.
7 وَجَاءَ إِلَيْهِ رَجُلُ اللهِ قَائِلاً: «أَيُّهَا الْمَلِكُ، لاَ يَأْتِي مَعَكَ جَيْشُ إِسْرَائِيلَ، لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ لَيْسَ مَعَ إِسْرَائِيلَ، مَعَ كُلِّ بَنِي أَفْرَايِمَ.7 But there came a man of God to him, saying, O king, let not the army of Israel go with thee; for the LORD is not with Israel, to wit, with all the children of Ephraim.
8 وَإِنْ ذَهَبْتَ أَنْتَ فَاعْمَلْ وَتَشَدَّدْ لِلْقِتَالِ، لأَنَّ اللهَ يُسْقِطُكَ أَمَامَ الْعَدُوِّ، لأَنَّ عِنْدَ اللهِ قُوَّةً لِلْمُسَاعَدَةِ وَلِلإِسْقَاطِ».8 But if thou wilt go, do it; be strong for the battle: God shall make thee fall before the enemy: for God hath power to help, and to cast down.
9 فَقَالَ أَمَصْيَا لِرَجُلِ اللهِ: «فَمَاذَا يُعْمَلُ لأَجْلِ الْمِئَةِ الْوَزْنَةِ الَّتِي أَعْطَيْتُهَا لِغُزَاةِ إِسْرَائِيلَ؟» فَقَالَ رَجُلُ اللهِ: «إِنَّ الرَّبَّ قَادِرٌ أَنْ يُعْطِيَكَ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ هذِهِ».9 And Amaziah said to the man of God, But what shall we do for the hundred talents which I have given to the army of Israel? And the man of God answered, The LORD is able to give thee much more than this.
10 فَأَفْرَزَ أَمَصْيَا الْغُزَاةَ الَّذِينَ جَاءُوا إِلَيْهِ مِنْ أَفْرَايِمَ لِكَيْ يَنْطَلِقُوا إِلَى مَكَانِهِمْ، فَحَمِيَ غَضَبُهُمْ جِدًّا عَلَى يَهُوذَا وَرَجَعُوا إِلَى مَكَانِهِمْ بِحُمُوِّ الْغَضَبِ.10 Then Amaziah separated them, to wit, the army that was come to him out of Ephraim, to go home again: wherefore their anger was greatly kindled against Judah, and they returned home in great anger.
11 وَأَمَّا أَمَصْيَا فَتَشَدَّدَ وَاقْتَادَ شَعْبَهُ وَذَهَبَ إِلَى وَادِي الْمِلْحِ، وَضَرَبَ مِنْ بَنِي سِعِير عَشَرَةَ آلاَفٍ،11 And Amaziah strengthened himself, and led forth his people, and went to the valley of salt, and smote of the children of Seir ten thousand.
12 وَعَشَرَةَ آلاَفٍ أَحْيَاءَ سَبَاهُمْ بَنُو يَهُوذَا وَأَتَوْا بِهِمْ إِلَى رَأْسِ سَالِعَ وَطَرَحُوهُمْ عَنْ رَأْسِ سَالِعَ فَتَكَسَّرُوا أَجْمَعُونَ.12 And other ten thousand left alive did the children of Judah carry away captive, and brought them unto the top of the rock, and cast them down from the top of the rock, that they all were broken in pieces.
13 وَأَمَّا الرِّجَالُ الْغُزَاةُ الَّذِينَ أَرْجَعَهُمْ أَمَصْيَا عَنِ الذَّهَابِ مَعَهُ إِلَى الْقِتَالِ فَاقْتَحَمُوا مُدُنَ يَهُوذَا مِنَ السَّامِرَةِ إِلَى بَيْتِ حُورُونَ، وَضَرَبُوا مِنْهُمْ ثَلاَثَةَ آلاَفٍ وَنَهَبُوا نَهْبًا كَثِيرًا.13 But the soldiers of the army which Amaziah sent back, that they should not go with him to battle, fell upon the cities of Judah, from Samaria even unto Bethhoron, and smote three thousand of them, and took much spoil.
14 ثُمَّ بَعْدَ مَجِيءِ أَمَصْيَا مِنْ ضَرْبِ الأَدُومِيِّينَ أَتَى بِآلِهَةِ بَنِي سَاعِيرَ وَأَقَامَهُمْ لَهُ آلِهَةً، وَسَجَدَ أَمَامَهُمْ وَأَوْقَدَ لَهُمْ.14 Now it came to pass, after that Amaziah was come from the slaughter of the Edomites, that he brought the gods of the children of Seir, and set them up to be his gods, and bowed down himself before them, and burned incense unto them.
15 فَحَمِيَ غَضَبُ الرَّبِّ عَلَى أَمَصْيَا وَأَرْسَلَ إِلَيْهِ نَبِيًّا فَقَالَ لَهُ: «لِمَاذَا طَلَبْتَ آلِهَةَ الشَّعْبِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يُنْقِذُوا شَعْبَهُمْ مِنْ يَدِكَ؟»15 Wherefore the anger of the LORD was kindled against Amaziah, and he sent unto him a prophet, which said unto him, Why hast thou sought after the gods of the people, which could not deliver their own people out of thine hand?
16 وَفِيمَا هُوَ يُكَلِّمُهُ قَالَ لَهُ: «هَلْ جَعَلُوكَ مُشِيرًا لِلْمَلِكِ؟ كُفَّ! لِمَاذَا يَقْتُلُونَكَ؟» فَكَفَّ النَّبِيُّ وَقَالَ: «قَدْ عَلِمْتُ أَنَّ اللهَ قَدْ قَضَى بِهَلاَكِكَ لأَنَّكَ عَمِلْتَ هذَا وَلَمْ تَسْمَعْ لِمَشُورَتِي».16 And it came to pass, as he talked with him, that the king said unto him, Art thou made of the king's counsel? forbear; why shouldest thou be smitten? Then the prophet forbare, and said, I know that God hath determined to destroy thee, because thou hast done this, and hast not hearkened unto my counsel.
17 فَاسْتَشَارَ أَمَصْيَا مَلِكُ يَهُوذَا، وَأَرْسَلَ إِلَى يُوآشَ بْنِ يَهُوآحَازَ بْنِ يَاهُو مَلِكِ إِسْرَائِيلَ قَائِلاً: «هَلُمَّ نَتَرَاءَ مُواجَهَةً».17 Then Amaziah king of Judah took advice, and sent to Joash, the son of Jehoahaz, the son of Jehu, king of Israel, saying, Come, let us see one another in the face.
18 فَأَرْسَلَ يُوآشُ مَلِكُ إِسْرَائِيلَ إِلَى أَمَصْيَا مَلِكِ يَهُوذَا قَائِلاً: «الْعَوْسَجُ الَّذِي فِي لُبْنَانَ أَرْسَلَ إِلَى الأَرْزِ الَّذِي فِي لُبْنَانَ يَقُولُ: أَعْطِ ابْنَتَكَ لابْنِي امْرَأَةً. فَعَبَرَ حَيَوَانٌ بَرِّيٌّ كَانَ فِي لُبْنَانَ وَدَاسَ الْعَوْسَجَ.18 And Joash king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of Judah, saying, The thistle that was in Lebanon sent to the cedar that was in Lebanon, saying, Give thy daughter to my son to wife: and there passed by a wild beast that was in Lebanon, and trode down the thistle.
19 تَقُولُ: هأَنَذَا قَدْ ضَرَبْتُ أَدُومَ، فَرَفَّعَكَ قَلْبُكَ لِلتَّمَجُّدِ! فَالآنَ أَقِمْ فِي بَيْتِكَ. لِمَاذَا تَهْجُمُ عَلَى الشَّرِّ فَتَسْقُطَ أَنْتَ وَيَهُوذَا مَعَكَ؟».19 Thou sayest, Lo, thou hast smitten the Edomites; and thine heart lifteth thee up to boast: abide now at home; why shouldest thou meddle to thine hurt, that thou shouldest fall, even thou, and Judah with thee?
20 فَلَمْ يَسْمَعْ أَمَصْيَا لأَنَّهُ كَانَ مِنْ قِبَلِ اللهِ أَنْ يُسَلِّمَهُمْ، لأَنَّهُمْ طَلَبُوا آلِهَةَ أَدُومَ.20 But Amaziah would not hear; for it came of God, that he might deliver them into the hand of their enemies, because they sought after the gods of Edom.
21 وَصَعِدَ يُوآشُ مَلِكُ إِسْرَائِيلَ فَتَرَاءَيَا مُواجَهَةً، هُوَ وَأَمَصْيَا مَلِكُ يَهُوذَا، فِي بَيْتِ شَمْسٍ الَّتِي لِيَهُوذَا.21 So Joash the king of Israel went up; and they saw one another in the face, both he and Amaziah king of Judah, at Bethshemesh, which belongeth to Judah.
22 فَانْهَزَمَ يَهُوذَا أَمَامَ إِسْرَائِيلَ وَهَرَبُوا كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ إِلَى خَيْمَتِهِ.22 And Judah was put to the worse before Israel, and they fled every man to his tent.
23 وَأَمَّا أَمَصْيَا مَلِكُ يَهُوذَا ابْنُ يُوآشَ بْنِ يَهُوآحَازَ فَأَمْسَكَهُ يُوآشُ مَلِكُ إِسْرَائِيلَ فِي بَيْتِ شَمْسٍ وَجَاءَ بِهِ إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ، وَهَدَمَ سُورَ أُورُشَلِيمَ مِنْ بَابِ أَفْرَايِمَ إِلَى بَابِ الزَّاوِيَةِ، أَرْبَعَ مِئَةِ ذِرَاعٍ.23 And Joash the king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Joash, the son of Jehoahaz, at Bethshemesh, and brought him to Jerusalem, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim to the corner gate, four hundred cubits.
24 وَأَخَذَ كُلَّ الذَّهَبِ وَالْفِضَّةِ وَكُلَّ الآنِيَةِ الْمَوْجُودَةِ فِي بَيْتِ اللهِ مَعَ عُوبِيدَ أَدُومَ وَخَزَائِنِ بَيْتِ الْمَلِكِ وَالرُّهَنَاءَ وَرَجَعَ إِلَى السَّامِرَةِ.24 And he took all the gold and the silver, and all the vessels that were found in the house of God with Obededom, and the treasures of the king's house, the hostages also, and returned to Samaria.
25 وَعَاشَ أَمَصْيَا بْنُ يُوآشَ مَلِكُ يَهُوذَا بَعْدَ مَوْتِ يُوآشَ بْنِ يَهُوآحَازَ مَلِكِ إِسْرَائِيلَ خَمْسَ عَشَرَةَ سَنَةً.25 And Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah lived after the death of Joash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel fifteen years.
26 وَبَقِيَّةُ أُمُورِ أَمَصْيَا الأُولَى وَالأَخِيرَةُِ، أَمَا هِيَ مَكْتُوبَةٌ فِي سِفْرِ مُلُوكِ يَهُوذَا وَإِسْرَائِيلَ.؟26 Now the rest of the acts of Amaziah, first and last, behold, are they not written in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel?
27 وَمِنْ حِينَ حَادَ أَمَصْيَا مِنْ وَرَاءِ الرَّبِّ فَتَنُوا عَلَيْهِ فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ، فَهَرَبَ إِلَى لَخِيشَ، فَأَرْسَلُوا وَرَاءَهُ إِلَى لَخِيشَ وَقَتَلُوهُ هُنَاكَ،27 Now after the time that Amaziah did turn away from following the LORD they made a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem; and he fled to Lachish: but they sent to Lachish after him, and slew him there.
28 وَحَمَلُوهُ عَلَى الْخَيْلِ وَدَفَنُوهُ مَعَ آبَائِهِ فِي مَدِينَةِ يَهُوذَا.28 And they brought him upon horses, and buried him with his fathers in the city of Judah.