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وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

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Chapter Summary
زيت الأرملة
1 وَصَرَخَتْ إِلَى أَلِيشَعَ امْرَأَةٌ مِنْ نِسَاءِ بَنِي الأَنْبِيَاءِ قَائِلَةً: «إِنَّ عَبْدَكَ زَوْجِي قَدْ مَاتَ، وَأَنْتَ تَعْلَمُ أَنَّ عَبْدَكَ كَانَ يَخَافُ الرَّبَّ. فَأَتَى الْمُرَابِي لِيَأْخُذَ وَلَدَيَّ لَهُ عَبْدَيْنِ». 1 Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets unto Elisha, saying, Thy servant my husband is dead; and thou knowest that thy servant did fear the LORD: and the creditor is come to take unto him my two sons to be bondmen.
2 فَقَالَ لَهَا أَلِيشَعُ: «مَاذَا أَصْنَعُ لَكِ؟ أَخْبِرِينِي مَاذَا لَكِ فِي الْبَيْتِ؟». فَقَالَتْ: «لَيْسَ لِجَارِيَتِكَ شَيْءٌ فِي الْبَيْتِ إِلاَّ دُهْنَةَ زَيْتٍ».2 And Elisha said unto her, What shall I do for thee? tell me, what hast thou in the house? And she said, Thine handmaid hath not any thing in the house, save a pot of oil.
3 فَقَالَ: «اذْهَبِي اسْتَعِيرِي لِنَفْسِكِ أَوْعِيَةً مِنْ خَارِجٍ، مِنْ عِنْدِ جَمِيعِ جِيرَانِكِ، أَوْعِيَةً فَارِغَةً. لاَ تُقَلِّلِي.3 Then he said, Go, borrow thee vessels abroad of all thy neighbors, even empty vessels; borrow not a few.
4 ثُمَّ ادْخُلِي وَأَغْلِقِي الْبَابَ عَلَى نَفْسِكِ وَعَلَى بَنِيكِ، وَصُبِّي فِي جَمِيعِ هذِهِ الأَوْعِيَةِ، وَمَا امْتَلأَ انْقُلِيهِ».4 And when thou art come in, thou shalt shut the door upon thee and upon thy sons, and shalt pour out into all those vessels, and thou shalt set aside that which is full.
5 فَذَهَبَتْ مِنْ عِنْدِهِ وَأَغْلَقَتِ الْبَابَ عَلَى نَفْسِهَا وَعَلَى بَنِيهَا. فَكَانُوا هُمْ يُقَدِّمُونَ لَهَا الأَوْعِيَةَ وَهِيَ تَصُبُّ.5 So she went from him, and shut the door upon her and upon her sons, who brought the vessels to her; and she poured out.
6 وَلَمَّا امْتَلأَتِ الأَوْعِيَةُ قَالَتْ لابْنِهَا: «قَدِّمْ لِي أَيْضًا وِعَاءً». فَقَالَ لَهَا: «لاَ يُوجَدُ بَعْدُ وِعَاءٌ». فَوَقَفَ الزَّيْتُ.6 And it came to pass, when the vessels were full, that she said unto her son, Bring me yet a vessel. And he said unto her, There is not a vessel more. And the oil stayed.
7 فَأَتَتْ وَأَخْبَرَتْ رَجُلَ اللهِ فَقَالَ: «اذْهَبِي بِيعِي الزَّيْتَ وَأَوْفِي دَيْنَكِ، وَعِيشِي أَنْتِ وَبَنُوكِ بِمَا بَقِيَ».7 Then she came and told the man of God. And he said, Go, sell the oil, and pay thy debt, and live thou and thy children of the rest.
إحياء ابن المرأة الشونمية
8 وَفِي ذَاتِ يَوْمٍ عَبَرَ أَلِيشَعُ إِلَى شُونَمَ. وَكَانَتْ هُنَاكَ امْرَأَةٌ عَظِيمَةٌ، فَأَمْسَكَتْهُ لِيَأْكُلَ خُبْزًا. وَكَانَ كُلَّمَا عَبَرَ يَمِيلُ إِلَى هُنَاكَ لِيَأْكُلَ خُبْزًا.8 And it fell on a day, that Elisha passed to Shunem, where was a great woman; and she constrained him to eat bread. And so it was, that as oft as he passed by, he turned in thither to eat bread.
9 فَقَالَتْ لِرَجُلِهَا: «قَدْ عَلِمْتُ أَنَّهُ رَجُلَ اللهِ، مُقَدَّسٌ الَّذِي يَمُرُّ عَلَيْنَا دَائِمًا.9 And she said unto her husband, Behold now, I perceive that this is an holy man of God, which passeth by us continually.
10 فَلْنَعْمَلْ عُلِّيَّةً عَلَى الْحَائِطِ صَغِيرَةً وَنَضَعْ لَهُ هُنَاكَ سَرِيرًا وَخِوَانًا وَكُرْسِيًّا وَمَنَارَةً، حَتَّى إِذَا جَاءَ إِلَيْنَا يَمِيلُ إِلَيْهَا». 10 Let us make a little chamber, I pray thee, on the wall; and let us set for him there a bed, and a table, and a stool, and a candlestick: and it shall be, when he cometh to us, that he shall turn in thither.
11 وَفِي ذَاتِ يَوْمٍ جَاءَ إِلَى هُنَاكَ وَمَالَ إِلَى الْعُلِّيَّةِ وَاضْطَجَعَ فِيهَا.11 And it fell on a day, that he came thither, and he turned into the chamber, and lay there.
12 فَقَالَ لِجِيحْزِي غُلاَمِهِ: «ادْعُ هذِهِ الشُّونَمِيَّةَ». فَدَعَاهَا، فَوَقَفَتْ أَمَامَهُ.12 And he said to Gehazi his servant, Call this Shunammite. And when he had called her, she stood before him.
13 فَقَالَ لَهُ: «قُلْ لَهَا: هُوَذَا قَدِ انْزَعَجْتِ بِسَبَبِنَا كُلَّ هذَا الانْزِعَاجِ، فَمَاذَا يُصْنَعُ لَكِ؟ هَلْ لَكِ مَا يُتَكَلَّمُ بِهِ إِلَى الْمَلِكِ أَوْ إِلَى رَئِيسِ الْجَيْشِ؟» فَقَالَتْ: «إِنَّمَا أَنَا سَاكِنَةٌ فِي وَسْطِ شَعْبِي».13 And he said unto him, Say now unto her, Behold, thou hast been careful for us with all this care; what is to be done for thee? wouldest thou be spoken for to the king, or to the captain of the host? And she answered, I dwell among mine own people.
14 ثُمَّ قَالَ: «فَمَاذَا يُصْنَعُ لَهَا؟» فَقَالَ جِيحْزِي: «إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ لَهَا ابْنٌ، وَرَجُلُهَا قَدْ شَاخَ».14 And he said, What then is to be done for her? And Gehazi answered, Verily she hath no child, and her husband is old.
15 فَقَالَ: «ادْعُهَا». فَدَعَاهَا، فَوَقَفَتْ فِي الْبَابِ.15 And he said, Call her. And when he had called her, she stood in the door.
16 فَقَالَ: «فِي هذَا الْمِيعَادِ نَحْوَ زَمَانِ الْحَيَاةِ تَحْتَضِنِينَ ابْنًا». فَقَالَتْ: «لاَ يَا سَيِّدِي رَجُلَ اللهِ. لاَ تَكْذِبْ عَلَى جَارِيَتِكَ».16 And he said, About this season, according to the time of life, thou shalt embrace a son. And she said, Nay, my lord, thou man of God, do not lie unto thine handmaid.
17 فَحَبِلَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ وَوَلَدَتِ ابْنًا فِي ذلِكَ الْمِيعَادِ نَحْوَ زَمَانِ الْحَيَاةِ، كَمَا قَالَ لَهَا أَلِيشَعُ.17 And the woman conceived, and bare a son at that season that Elisha had said unto her, according to the time of life.
18 وَكَبِرَ الْوَلَدُ. وَفِي ذَاتِ يَوْمٍ خَرَجَ إِلَى أَبِيهِ إِلَى الْحَصَّادِينَ،18 And when the child was grown, it fell on a day, that he went out to his father to the reapers.
19 وَقَالَ لأَبِيهِ: «رَأْسِي، رَأْسِي». فَقَالَ لِلْغُلاَمِ: «احْمِلْهُ إِلَى أُمِّهِ».19 And he said unto his father, My head, my head. And he said to a lad, Carry him to his mother.
20 فَحَمَلَهُ وَأَتَى بِهِ إِلَى أُمِّهِ، فَجَلَسَ عَلَى رُكْبَتَيْهَا إِلَى الظُّهْرِ وَمَاتَ.20 And when he had taken him, and brought him to his mother, he sat on her knees till noon, and then died.
21 فَصَعِدَتْ وَأَضْجَعَتْهُ عَلَى سَرِيرِ رَجُلِ اللهِ، وَأَغْلَقَتْ عَلَيْهِ وَخَرَجَتْ.21 And she went up, and laid him on the bed of the man of God, and shut the door upon him, and went out.
22 وَنَادَتْ رَجُلَهَا وَقَالَتْ: «أَرْسِلْ لِي وَاحِدًا مِنَ الْغِلْمَانِ وَإِحْدَى الأُتُنِ فَأَجْرِيَ إِلَى رَجُلِ اللهِ وَأَرْجعَ».22 And she called unto her husband, and said, Send me, I pray thee, one of the young men, and one of the asses, that I may run to the man of God, and come again.
23 فَقَالَ: «لِمَاذَا تَذْهَبِينَ إِلَيْهِ الْيَوْمَ؟ لاَ رَأْسُ شَهْرٍ وَلاَ سَبْتٌ». فَقَالَتْ: «سَلاَمٌ».23 And he said, Wherefore wilt thou go to him to day? it is neither new moon, nor sabbath. And she said, It shall be well.
24 وَشَدَّتْ عَلَى الأَتَانِ، وَقَالَتْ لِغُلاَمِهَا: «سُقْ وَسِرْ وَلاَ تَتَعَوَّقْ لأَجْلِي فِي الرُّكُوبِ إِنْ لَمْ أَقُلْ لَكَ».24 Then she saddled an ass, and said to her servant, Drive, and go forward; slack not thy riding for me, except I bid thee.
25 وَانْطَلَقَتْ حَتَّى جَاءَتْ إِلَى رَجُلِ اللهِ إِلَى جَبَلِ الْكَرْمَلِ. فَلَمَّا رَآهَا رَجُلُ اللهِ مِنْ بَعِيدٍ قَالَ لِجِيحْزِي غُلاَمِهِ: «هُوَذَا تِلْكَ الشُّونَمِيَّةُ.25 So she went and came unto the man of God to mount Carmel. And it came to pass, when the man of God saw her afar off, that he said to Gehazi his servant, Behold, yonder is that Shunammite:
26 اُرْكُضِ الآنَ لِلِقَائِهَا وَقُلْ لَهَا: أَسَلاَمٌ لَكِ؟ أَسَلاَمٌ لِزَوْجِكِ؟ أَسَلاَمٌ لِلْوَلَدِ؟» فَقَالَتْ: «سَلاَمٌ».26 Run now, I pray thee, to meet her, and say unto her, Is it well with thee? is it well with thy husband? is it well with the child? And she answered, It is well:
27 فَلَمَّا جَاءَتْ إِلَى رَجُلِ اللهِ إِلَى الْجَبَلِ أَمْسَكَتْ رِجْلَيْهِ. فَتَقَدَّمَ جِيحْزِي لِيَدْفَعَهَا، فَقَالَ رَجُلُ اللهِ: «دَعْهَا لأَنَّ نَفْسَهَا مُرَّةٌ فِيهَا وَالرَّبُّ كَتَمَ الأَمْرَ عَنِّي وَلَمْ يُخْبِرْنِي».27 And when she came to the man of God to the hill, she caught him by the feet: but Gehazi came near to thrust her away. And the man of God said, Let her alone; for her soul is vexed within her: and the LORD hath hid it from me, and hath not told me.
28 فَقَالَتْ: «هَلْ طَلَبْتُ ابْنًا مِنْ سَيِّدِي؟ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ لاَ تَخْدَعْنِي؟»28 Then she said, Did I desire a son of my lord? did I not say, Do not deceive me?
29 فَقَالَ لِجِيحْزِي: «أُشْدُدْ حَقَوَيْكَ وَخُذْ عُكَّازِي بِيَدِكَ وَانْطَلِقْ، وَإِذَا صَادَفْتَ أَحَدًا فَلاَ تُبَارِكْهُ، وَإِنْ بَارَكَكَ أَحَدٌ فَلاَ تُجِبْهُ. وَضَعْ عُكَّازِي عَلَى وَجْهِ الصَّبِيِّ».29 Then he said to Gehazi, Gird up thy loins, and take my staff in thine hand, and go thy way: if thou meet any man, salute him not; and if any salute thee, answer him not again: and lay my staff upon the face of the child.
30 فَقَالَتْ أُمُّ الصَّبِيِّ: «حَيٌّ هُوَ الرَّبُّ، وَحَيَّةٌ هِيَ نَفْسُكَ، إِنِّي لاَ أَتْرُكُكَ». فَقَامَ وَتَبِعَهَا.30 And the mother of the child said, As the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, I will not leave thee. And he arose, and followed her.
31 وَجَازَ جِيحْزِي قُدَّامَهُمَا وَوَضَعَ الْعُكَّازَ عَلَى وَجْهِ الصَّبِيِّ، فَلَمْ يَكُنْ صَوْتٌ وَلاَ مُصْغٍ. فَرَجَعَ لِلِقَائِهِ وَأَخْبَرَهُ قَائِلاً: «لَمْ يَنْتَبِهِ الصَّبِيُّ».31 And Gehazi passed on before them, and laid the staff upon the face of the child; but there was neither voice, nor hearing. Wherefore he went again to meet him, and told him, saying, The child is not awaked.
32 وَدَخَلَ أَلِيشَعُ الْبَيْتَ وَإِذَا بِالصَّبِيِّ مَيْتٌ وَمُضْطَجعٌ عَلَى سَرِيرِهِ.32 And when Elisha was come into the house, behold, the child was dead, and laid upon his bed.
33 فَدَخَلَ وَأَغْلَقَ الْبَابَ عَلَى نَفْسَيْهِمَا كِلَيْهِمَا، وَصَلَّى إِلَى الرَّبِّ.33 He went in therefore, and shut the door upon them twain, and prayed unto the LORD.
34 ثُمَّ صَعِدَ وَاضْطَجَعَ فَوْقَ الصَّبِيِّ وَوَضَعَ فَمَهُ عَلَى فَمِهِ، وَعَيْنَيْهِ عَلَى عَيْنَيْهِ، وَيَدَيْهِ عَلَى يَدَيْهِ، وَتَمَدَّدَ عَلَيْهِ فَسَخُنَ جَسَدُ الْوَلَدِ.34 And he went up, and lay upon the child, and put his mouth upon his mouth, and his eyes upon his eyes, and his hands upon his hands: and stretched himself upon the child; and the flesh of the child waxed warm.
35 ثُمَّ عَادَ وَتَمَشَّى فِي الْبَيْتِ تَارَةً إِلَى هُنَا وَتَارَةً إِلَى هُنَاكَ، وَصَعِدَ وَتَمَدَّدَ عَلَيْهِ فَعَطَسَ الصَّبِيُّ سَبْعَ مَرَّاتٍ، ثُمَّ فَتَحَ الصَّبِيُّ عَيْنَيْهِ.35 Then he returned, and walked in the house to and fro; and went up, and stretched himself upon him: and the child sneezed seven times, and the child opened his eyes.
36 فَدَعَا جِيحْزِي وَقَالَ: «اُدْعُ هذِهِ الشُّونَمِيَّةَ» فَدَعَاهَا. وَلَمَّا دَخَلَتْ إِلَيْهِ قَالَ: «احْمِلِي ابْنَكِ».36 And he called Gehazi, and said, Call this Shunammite. So he called her. And when she was come in unto him, he said, Take up thy son.
37 فَأَتَتْ وَسَقَطَتْ عَلَى رِجْلَيْهِ وَسَجَدَتْ إِلَى الأَرْضِ، ثُمَّ حَمَلَتِ ابْنَهَا وَخَرَجَتْ.37 Then she went in, and fell at his feet, and bowed herself to the ground, and took up her son, and went out.
موت في القدر
38 وَرَجَعَ أَلِيشَعُ إِلَى الْجِلْجَالِ. وَكَانَ جُوعٌ فِي الأَرْضِ وَكَانَ بَنُو الأَنْبِيَاءِ جُلُوسًا أَمَامَهُ. فَقَالَ لِغُلاَمِهِ: «ضَعِ الْقِدْرَ الْكَبِيرَةَ، وَاسْلُقْ سَلِيقَةً لِبَنِي الأَنْبِيَاءِ». 38 And Elisha came again to Gilgal: and there was a dearth in the land; and the sons of the prophets were sitting before him: and he said unto his servant, Set on the great pot, and seethe pottage for the sons of the prophets.
39 وَخَرَجَ وَاحِدٌ إِلَى الْحَقْلِ لِيَلْتَقِطَ بُقُولاً، فَوَجَدَ يَقْطِينًا بَرِّيًّا، فَالْتَقَطَ مِنْهُ قُثَّاءً بَرِّيًّا مِلْءَ ثَوْبِهِ، وَأَتَى وَقَطَّعَهُ فِي قِدْرِ السَّلِيقَةِ، لأَنَّهُمْ لَمْ يَعْرِفُوا.39 And one went out into the field to gather herbs, and found a wild vine, and gathered thereof wild gourds his lap full, and came and shred them into the pot of pottage: for they knew them not.
40 وَصَبُّوا لِلْقَوْمِ لِيَأْكُلُوا. وَفِيمَا هُمْ يَأْكُلُونَ مِنَ السَّلِيقَةِ صَرَخُوا وَقَالُوا: «فِي الْقِدْرِ مَوْتٌ يَا رَجُلَ اللهِ!». وَلَمْ يَسْتَطِيعُوا أَنْ يَأْكُلُوا.40 So they poured out for the men to eat. And it came to pass, as they were eating of the pottage, that they cried out, and said, O thou man of God, there is death in the pot. And they could not eat thereof.
41 فَقَالَ: «هَاتُوا دَقِيقًا». فَأَلْقَاهُ فِي الْقِدْرِ وَقَالَ: «صُبَّ لِلْقَوْمِ فَيَأْكُلُوا». فَكَأَنَّهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ شَيْءٌ رَدِيءٌ فِي الْقِدْرِ.41 But he said, Then bring meal. And he cast it into the pot; and he said, Pour out for the people, that they may eat. And there was no harm in the pot.
إطعام مئة رجل
42 وَجَاءَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَعْلِ شَلِيشَةَ وَأَحْضَرَ لِرَجُلِ اللهِ خُبْزَ بَاكُورَةٍ عِشْرِينَ رَغِيفًا مِنْ شَعِيرٍ، وَسَوِيقًا فِي جِرَابِهِ. فَقَالَ: «أَعْطِ الشَّعْبَ لِيَأْكُلُوا».42 And there came a man from Baalshalisha, and brought the man of God bread of the firstfruits, twenty loaves of barley, and full ears of corn in the husk thereof. And he said, Give unto the people, that they may eat.
43 فَقَالَ خَادِمُهُ: «مَاذَا؟ هَلْ أَجْعَلُ هذَا أَمَامَ مِئَةِ رَجُل؟» فَقَالَ: «أَعْطِ الشَّعْبَ فَيَأْكُلُوا، لأَنَّهُ هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ: يَأْكُلُونَ وَيَفْضُلُ عَنْهُمْ».43 And his servitor said, What, should I set this before an hundred men? He said again, Give the people, that they may eat: for thus saith the LORD, They shall eat, and shall leave thereof.
44 فَجَعَلَ أَمَامَهُمْ فَأَكَلُوا، وَفَضَلَ عَنْهُمْ حَسَبَ قَوْلِ الرَّبِّ.44 So he set it before them, and they did eat, and left thereof, according to the word of the LORD.
المرابي
من يُديِّن ماله بفائدة.
خُوان
طاولة الطعام.
سَليقة
كل ما يُسلَق من البقول.