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إصحاحات Chapters
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28

تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

أعمال الرسل [5] Acts
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Chapter Summary
1 وَرَجُلٌ اسْمُهُ حَنَانِيَّا، وَامْرَأَتُهُ سَفِّيرَةُ، بَاعَ مُلْكًا1 But a certain man named Ananias, with Sapphira his wife, sold a possession,
2 وَاخْتَلَسَ مِنَ الثَّمَنِ، وَامْرَأَتُهُ لَهَا خَبَرُ ذلِكَ، وَأَتَى بِجُزْءٍ وَوَضَعَهُ عِنْدَ أَرْجُلِ الرُّسُلِ.2 And kept back part of the price, his wife also being privy to it, and brought a certain part, and laid it at the apostles' feet.
3 فَقَالَ بُطْرُسُ: «يَاحَنَانِيَّا، لِمَاذَا مَلأَ الشَّيْطَانُ قَلْبَكَ لِتَكْذِبَ عَلَى الرُّوحِ الْقُدُسِ وَتَخْتَلِسَ مِنْ ثَمَنِ الْحَقْلِ؟3 But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land?
4 أَلَيْسَ وَهُوَ بَاق كَانَ يَبْقَى لَكَ؟ وَلَمَّا بِيعَ، أَلَمْ يَكُنْ فِي سُلْطَانِكَ؟ فَمَا بَالُكَ وَضَعْتَ فِي قَلْبِكَ هذَا الأَمْرَ؟ أَنْتَ لَمْ تَكْذِبْ عَلَى النَّاسِ بَلْ عَلَى اللهِ».4 Whiles it remained, was it not thine own? and after it was sold, was it not in thine own power? why hast thou conceived this thing in thine heart? thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God.
5 فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ حَنَانِيَّا هذَا الْكَلاَمَ وَقَعَ وَمَاتَ. وَصَارَ خَوْفٌ عَظِيمٌ عَلَى جَمِيعِ الَّذِينَ سَمِعُوا بِذلِكَ.5 And Ananias hearing these words fell down, and gave up the ghost: and great fear came on all them that heard these things.
6 فَنَهَضَ الأَحْدَاثُ وَلَفُّوهُ وَحَمَلُوهُ خَارِجًا وَدَفَنُوهُ.6 And the young men arose, wound him up, and carried him out, and buried him.
7 ثُمَّ حَدَثَ بَعْدَ مُدَّةِ نَحْوِ ثَلاَثِ سَاعَاتٍ، أَنَّ امْرَأَتَهُ دَخَلَتْ، وَلَيْسَ لَهَا خَبَرُ مَا جَرَى.7 And it was about the space of three hours after, when his wife, not knowing what was done, came in.
8 فأَجَابَهَا بُطْرُسُ:«قُولِي لِي: أَبِهذَا الْمِقْدَارِ بِعْتُمَا الْحَقْلَ؟» فَقَالَتْ:«نَعَمْ، بِهذَا الْمِقْدَارِ».8 And Peter answered unto her, Tell me whether ye sold the land for so much? And she said, Yea, for so much.
9 فَقَالَ لَهَا بُطْرُسُ:«مَا بَالُكُمَا اتَّفَقْتُمَا عَلَى تَجْرِبَةِ رُوحِ الرَّبِّ؟ هُوَذَا أَرْجُلُ الَّذِينَ دَفَنُوا رَجُلَكِ عَلَى الْبَابِ، وَسَيَحْمِلُونَكِ خَارِجًا».9 Then Peter said unto her, How is it that ye have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord? behold, the feet of them which have buried thy husband are at the door, and shall carry thee out.
10 فَوَقَعَتْ فِي الْحَالِ عِنْدَ رِجْلَيْهِ وَمَاتَتْ. فَدَخَلَ الشَّبَابُ وَوَجَدُوهَا مَيْتَةً، فَحَمَلُوهَا خَارِجًا وَدَفَنُوهَا بِجَانِبِ رَجُلِهَا.10 Then fell she down straightway at his feet, and yielded up the ghost: and the young men came in, and found her dead, and, carrying her forth, buried her by her husband.
11 فَصَارَ خَوْفٌ عَظِيمٌ عَلَى جَمِيعِ الْكَنِيسَةِ وَعَلَى جَمِيعِ الَّذِينَ سَمِعُوا بِذلِكَ.11 And great fear came upon all the church, and upon as many as heard these things.
12 وَجَرَتْ عَلَى أَيْدِي الرُّسُلِ آيَاتٌ وَعَجَائِبُ كَثِيرَةٌ فِي الشَّعْبِ. وَكَانَ الْجَمِيعُ بِنَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ فِي رِوَاقِ سُلَيْمَانَ.12 And by the hands of the apostles were many signs and wonders wrought among the people; (and they were all with one accord in Solomon's porch.
13 وَأَمَّا الآخَرُونَ فَلَمْ يَكُنْ أَحَدٌ مِنْهُمْ يَجْسُرُ أَنْ يَلْتَصِقَ بِهِمْ، لكِنْ كَانَ الشَّعْبُ يُعَظِّمُهُمْ.13 And of the rest durst no man join himself to them: but the people magnified them.
14 وَكَانَ مُؤْمِنُونَ يَنْضَمُّونَ لِلرَّبِّ أَكْثَرَ، جَمَاهِيرُ مِنْ رِجَال وَنِسَاءٍ،14 And believers were the more added to the Lord, multitudes both of men and women.)
15 حَتَّى إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا يَحْمِلُونَ الْمَرْضَى خَارِجًا فِي الشَّوَارِعِ وَيَضَعُونَهُمْ عَلَى فُرُشٍ وَأَسِرَّةٍ، حَتَّى إِذَا جَاءَ بُطْرُسُ يُخَيِّمُ وَلَوْ ظِلُّهُ عَلَى أَحَدٍ مِنْهُمْ.15 Insomuch that they brought forth the sick into the streets, and laid them on beds and couches, that at the least the shadow of Peter passing by might overshadow some of them.
16 وَاجْتَمَعَ جُمْهُورُ الْمُدُنِ الْمُحِيطَةِ إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ حَامِلِينَ مَرْضَى وَمُعَذَّبِينَ مِنْ أَرْوَاحٍ نَجِسَةٍ، وَكَانُوا يُبْرَأُونَ جَمِيعُهُمْ.16 There came also a multitude out of the cities round about unto Jerusalem, bringing sick folks, and them which were vexed with unclean spirits: and they were healed every one.
17 فَقَامَ رَئِيسُ الْكَهَنَةِ وَجَمِيعُ الَّذِينَ مَعَهُ، الَّذِينَ هُمْ شِيعَةُ الصَّدُّوقِيِّينَ، وَامْتَلأُوا غَيْرَةً17 Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him, (which is the sect of the Sadducees,) and were filled with indignation,
18 فَأَلْقَوْا أَيْدِيَهُمْ عَلَى الرُّسُلِ وَوَضَعُوهُمْ فِي حَبْسِ الْعَامَّةِ.18 And laid their hands on the apostles, and put them in the common prison.
19 وَلكِنَّ مَلاَكَ الرَّبِّ فِي اللَّيْلِ فَتَحَ أَبْوَابَ السِّجْنِ وَأَخْرَجَهُمْ وَقَالَ:19 But the angel of the Lord by night opened the prison doors, and brought them forth, and said,
20 «اذْهَبُوا قِفُوا وَكَلِّمُوا الشَّعْبَ فِي الْهَيْكَلِ بِجَمِيعِ كَلاَمِ هذِهِ الْحَيَاةِ».20 Go, stand and speak in the temple to the people all the words of this life.
21 فَلَمَّا سَمِعُوا دَخَلُوا الْهَيْكَلَ نَحْوَ الصُّبْحِ وَجَعَلُوا يُعَلِّمُونَ. ثُمَّ جَاءَ رَئِيسُ الْكَهَنَةِ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ، وَدَعَوُا الْمَجْمَعَ وَكُلَّ مَشْيَخَةِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، فَأَرْسَلُوا إِلَى الْحَبْسِ لِيُؤْتَى بِهِمْ.21 And when they heard that, they entered into the temple early in the morning, and taught. But the high priest came, and they that were with him, and called the council together, and all the senate of the children of Israel, and sent to the prison to have them brought.
22 وَلكِنَّ الْخُدَّامَ لَمَّا جَاءُوا لَمْ يَجِدُوهُمْ فِي السِّجْنِ، فَرَجَعُوا وَأَخْبَرُوا22 But when the officers came, and found them not in the prison, they returned and told,
23 قَائِلِينَ:«إِنَّنَا وَجَدْنَا الْحَبْسَ مُغْلَقًا بِكُلِّ حِرْصٍ، وَالْحُرَّاسَ وَاقِفِينَ خَارِجًا أَمَامَ الأَبْوَابِ، وَلكِنْ لَمَّا فَتَحْنَا لَمْ نَجِدْ فِي الدَّاخِلِ أَحَدًا».23 Saying, The prison truly found we shut with all safety, and the keepers standing without before the doors: but when we had opened, we found no man within.
24 فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ الْكَاهِنُ وَقَائِدُ جُنْدِ الْهَيْكَلِ وَرُؤَسَاءُ الْكَهَنَةِ هذِهِ الأَقْوَالَ، ارْتَابُوا مِنْ جِهَتِهِمْ: مَا عَسَى أَنْ يَصِيرَ هذَا؟24 Now when the high priest and the captain of the temple and the chief priests heard these things, they doubted of them whereunto this would grow.
25 ثُمَّ جَاءَ وَاحِدٌ وَأَخْبَرَهُمْ قَائِلاً:«هُوَذَا الرِّجَالُ الَّذِينَ وَضَعْتُمُوهُمْ فِي السِّجْنِ هُمْ فِي الْهَيْكَلِ وَاقِفِينَ يُعَلِّمُونَ الشَّعْبَ!».25 Then came one and told them, saying, Behold, the men whom ye put in prison are standing in the temple, and teaching the people.
26 حِينَئِذٍ مَضَى قَائِدُ الْجُنْدِ مَعَ الْخُدَّامِ، فَأَحْضَرَهُمْ لاَ بِعُنْفٍ، لأَنَّهُمْ كَانُوا يَخَافُونَ الشَّعْبَ لِئَلاَّ يُرْجَمُوا.26 Then went the captain with the officers, and brought them without violence: for they feared the people, lest they should have been stoned.
27 فَلَمَّا أَحْضَرُوهُمْ أَوْقَفُوهُمْ فِي الْمَجْمَعِ. فَسَأَلَهُمْ رَئِيسُ الْكَهَنَةِ27 And when they had brought them, they set them before the council: and the high priest asked them,
28 قِائِلاً:«أَمَا أَوْصَيْنَاكُمْ وَصِيَّةً أَنْ لاَ تُعَلِّمُوا بِهذَا الاسْمِ؟ وَهَا أَنْتُمْ قَدْ مَلأْتُمْ أُورُشَلِيمَ بِتَعْلِيمِكُمْ، وَتُرِيدُونَ أَنْ تَجْلِبُوا عَلَيْنَا دَمَ هذَا الإِنْسَانِ».28 Saying, Did not we straitly command you that ye should not teach in this name? and, behold, ye have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, and intend to bring this man's blood upon us.
29 فَأَجَابَ بُطْرُسُ وَالرُّسُلُ وَقَالُوا:«يَنْبَغِي أَنْ يُطَاعَ اللهُ أَكْثَرَ مِنَ النَّاسِ.29 Then Peter and the other apostles answered and said, We ought to obey God rather than men.
30 إِلهُ آبَائِنَا أَقَامَ يَسُوعَ الَّذِي أَنْتُمْ قَتَلْتُمُوهُ مُعَلِّقِينَ إِيَّاهُ عَلَى خَشَبَةٍ.30 The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree.
31 هذَا رَفَّعَهُ اللهُ بِيَمِينِهِ رَئِيسًا وَمُخَلِّصًا، لِيُعْطِيَ إِسْرَائِيلَ التَّوْبَةَ وَغُفْرَانَ الْخَطَايَا.31 Him hath God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.
32 وَنَحْنُ شُهُودٌ لَهُ بِهذِهِ الأُمُورِ، وَالرُّوحُ الْقُدُسُ أَيْضًا، الَّذِي أَعْطَاهُ اللهُ لِلَّذِينَ يُطِيعُونَهُ».32 And we are his witnesses of these things; and so is also the Holy Ghost, whom God hath given to them that obey him.
33 فَلَمَّا سَمِعُوا حَنِقُوا، وَجَعَلُوا يَتَشَاوَرُونَ أَنْ يَقْتُلُوهُمْ.33 When they heard that, they were cut to the heart, and took counsel to slay them.
34 فَقَامَ فِي الْمَجْمَعِ رَجُلٌ فَرِّيسِيٌّ اسْمُهُ غَمَالاَئِيلُ، مُعَلِّمٌ لِلنَّامُوسِ، مُكَرَّمٌ عِنْدَ جَمِيعِ الشَّعْبِ، وَأَمَرَ أَنْ يُخْرَجَ الرُّسُلُ قَلِيلاً.34 Then stood there up one in the council, a Pharisee, named Gamaliel, a doctor of the law, had in reputation among all the people, and commanded to put the apostles forth a little space;
35 ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُمْ:« أَيُّهَا الرِّجَالُ الإِسْرَائِيلِيُّونَ، احْتَرِزُوا لأَنْفُسِكُمْ مِنْ جِهَةِ هؤُلاَءِ النَّاسِ فِي مَا أَنْتُمْ مُزْمِعُونَ أَنْ تَفْعَلُوا.35 And said unto them, Ye men of Israel, take heed to yourselves what ye intend to do as touching these men.
36 لأَنَّهُ قَبْلَ هذِهِ الأَيَّامِ قَامَ ثُودَاسُ قَائِلاً عَنْ نَفْسِهِ إِنَّهُ شَيْءٌ، الَّذِي الْتَصَقَ بِهِ عَدَدٌ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ نَحْوُ أَرْبَعِمِئَةٍ، الَّذِي قُتِلَ، وَجَمِيعُ الَّذِينَ انْقَادُوا إِلَيْهِ تَبَدَّدُوا وَصَارُوا لاَ شَيْءَ.36 For before these days rose up Theudas, boasting himself to be somebody; to whom a number of men, about four hundred, joined themselves: who was slain; and all, as many as obeyed him, were scattered, and brought to nought.
37 بَعْدَ هذَا قَامَ يَهُوذَا الْجَلِيلِيُّ فِي أَيَّامِ الاكْتِتَابِ، وَأَزَاغَ وَرَاءَهُ شَعْبًا غَفِيرًا. فَذَاكَ أَيْضًا هَلَكَ، وَجَمِيعُ الَّذِينَ انْقَادُوا إِلَيْهِ تَشَتَّتُوا.37 After this man rose up Judas of Galilee in the days of the taxing, and drew away much people after him: he also perished; and all, even as many as obeyed him, were dispersed.
38 وَالآنَ أَقُولُ لَكُمْ: تَنَحَّوْا عَنْ هؤُلاَءِ النَّاسِ وَاتْرُكُوهُمْ! لأَنَّهُ إِنْ كَانَ هذَا الرَّأْيُ أَوْ هذَا الْعَمَلُ مِنَ النَّاسِ فَسَوْفَ يَنْتَقِضُ،38 And now I say unto you, Refrain from these men, and let them alone: for if this counsel or this work be of men, it will come to nought:
39 وَإِنْ كَانَ مِنَ اللهِ فَلاَ تَقْدِرُونَ أَنْ تَنْقُضُوهُ، لِئَلاَّ تُوجَدُوا مُحَارِبِينَ للهِ أَيْضًا».39 But if it be of God, ye cannot overthrow it; lest haply ye be found even to fight against God.
40 فَانْقَادُوا إِلَيْهِ. وَدَعُوا الرُّسُلَ وَجَلَدُوهُمْ، وَأَوْصَوْهُمْ أَنْ لاَ يَتَكَلَّمُوا بِاسْمِ يَسُوعَ، ثُمَّ أَطْلَقُوهُمْ.40 And to him they agreed: and when they had called the apostles, and beaten them, they commanded that they should not speak in the name of Jesus, and let them go.
41 وَأَمَّا هُمْ فَذَهَبُوا فَرِحِينَ مِنْ أَمَامِ الْمَجْمَعِ، لأَنَّهُمْ حُسِبُوا مُسْتَأْهِلِينَ أَنْ يُهَانُوا مِنْ أَجْلِ اسْمِهِ.41 And they departed from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer shame for his name.
42 وَكَانُوا لاَ يَزَالُونَ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ فِي الْهَيْكَلِ وَفِي الْبُيُوتِ مُعَلِّمِينَ وَمُبَشِّرِينَ بِيَسُوعَ الْمَسِيحِ.42 And daily in the temple, and in every house, they ceased not to teach and preach Jesus Christ.