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إصحاحات Chapters
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10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
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28

تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

أعمال الرسل [24] Acts
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Chapter Summary
1 وَبَعْدَ خَمْسَةِ أَيَّامٍ انْحَدَرَ حَنَانِيَّا رَئِيسُ الْكَهَنَةِ مَعَ الشُّيُوخِ وَخَطِيبٍ اسْمُهُ تَرْتُلُّسُ. فَعَرَضُوا لِلْوَالِي ضِدَّ بُولُسَ.1 And after five days Ananias the high priest descended with the elders, and with a certain orator named Tertullus, who informed the governor against Paul.
2 فَلَمَّا دُعِيَ، ابْتَدَأَ تَرْتُلُّسُ فِي الشِّكَايَةِ قَائِلاً:2 And when he was called forth, Tertullus began to accuse him, saying, Seeing that by thee we enjoy great quietness, and that very worthy deeds are done unto this nation by thy providence,
3 «إِنَّنَا حَاصِلُونَ بِوَاسِطَتِكَ عَلَى سَلاَمٍ جَزِيل، وَقَدْ صَارَتْ لِهذِهِ الأُمَّةِ مَصَالِحُ بِتَدْبِيرِكَ. فَنَقْبَلُ ذلِكَ أَيُّهَا الْعَزِيزُ فِيلِكْسُ بِكُلِّ شُكْرٍ فِي كُلِّ زَمَانٍ وَكُلِّ مَكَانٍ.3 We accept it always, and in all places, most noble Felix, with all thankfulness.
4 وَلكِنْ لِئَلاَّ أُعَوِّقَكَ أَكْثَرَ، أَلْتَمِسُ أَنْ تَسْمَعَنَا بِالاخْتِصَارِ بِحِلْمِكَ:4 Notwithstanding, that I be not further tedious unto thee, I pray thee that thou wouldest hear us of thy clemency a few words.
5 فَإِنَّنَا إِذْ وَجَدْنَا هذَا الرَّجُلَ مُفْسِدًا وَمُهَيِّجَ فِتْنَةٍ بَيْنَ جَمِيعِ الْيَهُودِ الَّذِينَ فِي الْمَسْكُونَةِ، وَمِقْدَامَ شِيعَةِ النَّاصِرِيِّينَ،5 For we have found this man a pestilent fellow, and a mover of sedition among all the Jews throughout the world, and a ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes:
6 وَقَدْ شَرَعَ أَنْ يُنَجِّسَ الْهَيْكَلَ أَيْضًا، أَمْسَكْنَاهُ وَأَرَدْنَا أَنْ نَحْكُمَ عَلَيْهِ حَسَبَ نَامُوسِنَا.6 Who also hath gone about to profane the temple: whom we took, and would have judged according to our law.
7 فَأَقْبَلَ لِيسِيَاسُ الأَمِيرُ بِعُنْفٍ شَدِيدٍ وَأَخَذَهُ مِنْ بَيْنِ أَيْدِينَا،7 But the chief captain Lysias came upon us, and with great violence took him away out of our hands,
8 وَأَمَرَ الْمُشْتَكِينَ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَأْتُوا إِلَيْكَ. وَمِنْهُ يُمْكِنُكَ إِذَا فَحَصْتَ أَنْ تَعْلَمَ جَمِيعَ هذِهِ الأُمُورِ الَّتِي نَشْتَكِي بِهَا عَلَيْهِ».8 Commanding his accusers to come unto thee: by examining of whom thyself mayest take knowledge of all these things, whereof we accuse him.
9 ثُمَّ وَافَقَهُ الْيَهُودُ أَيْضًا قَائِلِينَ:«إِنَّ هذِهِ الأُمُورَ هكَذَا».9 And the Jews also assented, saying that these things were so.
10 فَأَجَابَ بُولُسُ، إِذْ أَوْمَأَ إِلَيْهِ الْوَالِي أَنْ يَتَكَلَّمَ:«إِنِّي إِذْ قَدْ عَلِمْتُ أَنَّكَ مُنْذُ سِنِينَ كَثِيرَةٍ قَاضٍ لِهذِهِ الأُمَّةِ، أَحْتَجُّ عَمَّا فِي أَمْرِي بِأَكْثَرِ سُرُورٍ. 10 Then Paul, after that the governor had beckoned unto him to speak, answered, Forasmuch as I know that thou hast been of many years a judge unto this nation, I do the more cheerfully answer for myself:
11 وَأَنْتَ قَادِرٌ أَنْ تَعْرِفَ أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ لِي أَكْثَرُ مِنِ اثْنَيْ عَشَرَ يَوْمًا مُنْذُ صَعِدْتُ لأَسْجُدَ فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ.11 Because that thou mayest understand, that there are yet but twelve days since I went up to Jerusalem for to worship.
12 وَلَمْ يَجِدُونِي فِي الْهَيْكَلِ أُحَاجُّ أَحَدًا أَوْ أَصْنَعُ تَجَمُّعًا مِنَ الشَّعْبِ، وَلاَ فِي الْمَجَامِعِ وَلاَ فِي الْمَدِينَةِ.12 And they neither found me in the temple disputing with any man, neither raising up the people, neither in the synagogues, nor in the city:
13 وَلاَ يَسْتَطِيعُونَ أَنْ يُثْبِتُوا مَا يَشْتَكُونَ بِهِ الآنَ عَلَيَّ.13 Neither can they prove the things whereof they now accuse me.
14 وَلكِنَّنِي أُقِرُّ لَكَ بِهذَا: أَنَّنِي حَسَبَ الطَّرِيقِ الَّذِي يَقُولُونَ لَهُ «شِيعَةٌ»، هكَذَا أَعْبُدُ إِلهَ آبَائِي، مُؤْمِنًا بِكُلِّ مَا هُوَ مَكْتُوبٌ فِي النَّامُوسِ وَالأَنْبِيَاءِ.14 But this I confess unto thee, that after the way which they call heresy, so worship I the God of my fathers, believing all things which are written in the law and in the prophets:
15 وَلِي رَجَاءٌ بِاللهِ فِي مَا هُمْ أَيْضًا يَنْتَظِرُونَهُ: أَنَّهُ سَوْفَ تَكُونُ قِيَامَةٌ لِلأَمْوَاتِ، الأَبْرَارِ وَالأَثَمَةِ.15 And have hope toward God, which they themselves also allow, that there shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust.
16 لِذلِكَ أَنَا أَيْضًا أُدَرِّبُ نَفْسِي لِيَكُونَ لِي دَائِمًا ضَمِيرٌ بِلاَ عَثْرَةٍ مِنْ نَحْوِ اللهِ وَالنَّاسِ.16 And herein do I exercise myself, to have always a conscience void to offence toward God, and toward men.
17 وَبَعْدَ سِنِينَ كَثِيرَةٍ جِئْتُ أَصْنَعُ صَدَقَاتٍ لأُمَّتِي وَقَرَابِينَ.17 Now after many years I came to bring alms to my nation, and offerings.
18 وَفِي ذلِكَ وَجَدَنِي مُتَطَهِّرًا فِي الْهَيْكَلِ، لَيْسَ مَعَ جَمْعٍ وَلاَ مَعَ شَغَبٍ، قَوْمٌ هُمْ يَهُودٌ مِنْ أَسِيَّا،18 Whereupon certain Jews from Asia found me purified in the temple, neither with multitude, nor with tumult.
19 كَانَ يَنْبَغِي أَنْ يَحْضُرُوا لَدَيْكَ وَيَشْتَكُوا، إِنْ كَانَ لَهُمْ عَلَيَّ شَيْءٌ.19 Who ought to have been here before thee, and object, if they had ought against me.
20 أَوْ لِيَقُلْ هؤُلاَءِ أَنْفُسُهُمْ مَاذَا وَجَدُوا فِيَّ مِنَ الذَّنْبِ وَأَنَا قَائِمٌ أَمَامَ الْمَجْمَعِ،20 Or else let these same here say, if they have found any evil doing in me, while I stood before the council,
21 إِلاَّ مِنْ جِهَةِ هذَا الْقَوْلِ الْوَاحِدِ الَّذِي صَرَخْتُ بِهِ وَاقِفًا بَيْنَهُمْ: أَنِّي مِنْ أَجْلِ قِيَامَةِ الأَمْوَاتِ أُحَاكَمُ مِنْكُمُ الْيَوْمَ».21 Except it be for this one voice, that I cried standing among them, Touching the resurrection of the dead I am called in question by you this day.
22 فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ هذَا فِيلِكْسُ أَمْهَلَهُمْ، إِذْ كَانَ يَعْلَمُ بِأَكْثَرِ تَحْقِيق أُمُورَ هذَا الطَّرِيقِ، قَائِلاً:«مَتَى انْحَدَرَ لِيسِيَاسُ الأَمِيرُ أَفْحَصُ عَنْ أُمُورِكُمْ».22 And when Felix heard these things, having more perfect knowledge of that way, he deferred them, and said, When Lysias the chief captain shall come down, I will know the uttermost of your matter.
23 وَأَمَرَ قَائِدَ الْمِئَةِ أَنْ يُحْرَسَ بُولُسُ، وَتَكُونَ لَهُ رُخْصَةٌ، وَأَنْ لاَ يَمْنَعَ أَحَدًا مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ أَنْ يَخْدِمَهُ أَوْ يَأْتِيَ إِلَيْهِ.23 And he commanded a centurion to keep Paul, and to let him have liberty, and that he should forbid none of his acquaintance to minister or come unto him.
24 ثُمَّ بَعْدَ أَيَّامٍ جَاءَ فِيلِكْسُ مَعَ دُرُوسِّلاَ امْرَأَتِهِ، وَهِيَ يَهُودِيَّةٌ. فَاسْتَحْضَرَ بُولُسَ وَسَمِعَ مِنْهُ عَنِ الإِيمَانِ بِالْمَسِيحِ.24 And after certain days, when Felix came with his wife Drusilla, which was a Jewess, he sent for Paul, and heard him concerning the faith in Christ.
25 وَبَيْنَمَا كَانَ يَتَكَلَّمُ عَنِ الْبِرِّ وَالتَّعَفُّفِ وَالدَّيْنُونَةِ الْعَتِيدَةِ أَنْ تَكُونَ، ارْتَعَبَ فِيلِكْسُ، وَأَجَابَ:«أَمَّا الآنَ فَاذْهَبْ، وَمَتَى حَصَلْتُ عَلَى وَقْتٍ أَسْتَدْعِيكَ».25 And as he reasoned of righteousness, temperance, and judgment to come, Felix trembled, and answered, Go thy way for this time; when I have a convenient season, I will call for thee.
26 وَكَانَ أَيْضًا يَرْجُو أَنْ يُعْطِيَهُ بُولُسُ دَرَاهِمَ لِيُطْلِقَهُ، وَلِذلِكَ كَانَ يَسْتَحْضِرُهُ مِرَارًا أَكْثَرَ وَيَتَكَلَّمُ مَعَهُ.26 He hoped also that money should have been given him of Paul, that he might loose him: wherefore he sent for him the oftener, and communed with him.
27 وَلكِنْ لَمَّا كَمِلَتْ سَنَتَانِ، قَبِلَ فِيلِكْسُ بُورْكِيُوسَ فَسْتُوسَ خَلِيفَةً لَهُ. وَإِذْ كَانَ فِيلِكْسُ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يُودِعَ الْيَهُودَ مِنَّةً، تَرَكَ بُولُسَ مُقَيَّدًا. 27 But after two years Porcius Festus came into Felix' room: and Felix, willing to shew the Jews a pleasure, left Paul bound.
احتَجّ
أدافع، أرافع...
مِنَّة
فضل، عمل جميل.