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إصحاحات Chapters
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28

تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

أعمال الرسل [19] Acts
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Chapter Summary
1 فَحَدَثَ فِيمَا كَانَ أَبُلُّوسُ فِي كُورِنْثُوسَ، أَنَّ بُولُسَ بَعْدَ مَا اجْتَازَ فِي النَّوَاحِي الْعَالِيَةِ جَاءَ إِلَى أَفَسُسَ. فَإِذْ وَجَدَ تَلاَمِيذَ1 And it came to pass, that, while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul having passed through the upper coasts came to Ephesus: and finding certain disciples,
2 قَالَ لَهُمْ:«هَلْ قَبِلْتُمُ الرُّوحَ الْقُدُسَ لَمَّا آمَنْتُمْ؟» قَالُوا لَهُ:«وَلاَ سَمِعْنَا أَنَّهُ يُوجَدُ الرُّوحُ الْقُدُسُ».2 He said unto them, Have ye received the Holy Ghost since ye believed? And they said unto him, We have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost.
3 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«فَبِمَاذَا اعْتَمَدْتُمْ؟» فَقَالُوا:«بِمَعْمُودِيَّةِ يُوحَنَّا».3 And he said unto them, Unto what then were ye baptized? And they said, Unto John's baptism.
4 فَقَالَ بُولُسُ:«إِنَّ يُوحَنَّا عَمَّدَ بِمَعْمُودِيَّةِ التَّوْبَةِ، قَائِلاً لِلشَّعْبِ أَنْ يُؤْمِنُوا بِالَّذِي يَأْتِي بَعْدَهُ، أَيْ بِالْمَسِيحِ يَسُوعَ».4 Then said Paul, John verily baptized with the baptism of repentance, saying unto the people, that they should believe on him which should come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus.
5 فَلَمَّا سَمِعُوا اعْتَمَدُوا بِاسْمِ الرَّبِّ يَسُوعَ.5 When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.
6 وَلَمَّا وَضَعَ بُولُسُ يَدَيْهِ عَلَيْهِمْ حَلَّ الرُّوحُ الْقُدُسُ عَلَيْهِمْ، فَطَفِقُوا يَتَكَلَّمُونَ بِلُغَاتٍ وَيَتَنَبَّأُونَ.6 And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Ghost came on them; and they spake with tongues, and prophesied.
7 وَكَانَ جَمِيعُ الرِّجَالِ نَحْوَ اثْنَيْ عَشَرَ.7 And all the men were about twelve.
8 ثُمَّ دَخَلَ الْمَجْمَعَ، وَكَانَ يُجَاهِرُ مُدَّةَ ثَلاَثَةِ أَشْهُرٍ مُحَاجًّا وَمُقْنِعًا فِي مَا يَخْتَصُّ بِمَلَكُوتِ اللهِ.8 And he went into the synagogue, and spake boldly for the space of three months, disputing and persuading the things concerning the kingdom of God.
9 وَلَمَّا كَانَ قَوْمٌ يَتَقَسَّوْنَ وَلاَ يَقْنَعُونَ، شَاتِمِينَ الطَّرِيقَ أَمَامَ الْجُمْهُورِ، اعْتَزَلَ عَنْهُمْ وَأَفْرَزَ التَّلاَمِيذَ، مُحَاجًّا كُلَّ يَوْمٍ فِي مَدْرَسَةِ إِنْسَانٍ اسْمُهُ تِيرَانُّسُ.9 But when divers were hardened, and believed not, but spake evil of that way before the multitude, he departed from them, and separated the disciples, disputing daily in the school of one Tyrannus.
10 وَكَانَ ذلِكَ مُدَّةَ سَنَتَيْنِ، حَتَّى سَمِعَ كَلِمَةَ الرَّبِّ يَسُوعَ جَمِيعُ السَّاكِنِينَ فِي أَسِيَّا، مِنْ يَهُودٍ وَيُونَانِيِّينَ.10 And this continued by the space of two years; so that all they which dwelt in Asia heard the word of the Lord Jesus, both Jews and Greeks.
11 وَكَانَ اللهُ يَصْنَعُ عَلَى يَدَيْ بُولُسَ قُوَّاتٍ غَيْرَ الْمُعْتَادَةِ،11 And God wrought special miracles by the hands of Paul:
12 حَتَّى كَانَ يُؤْتَى عَنْ جَسَدِهِ بِمَنَادِيلَ أَوْ مَآزِرَ إِلَى الْمَرْضَى، فَتَزُولُ عَنْهُمُ الأَمْرَاضُ، وَتَخْرُجُ الأَرْوَاحُ الشِّرِّيرَةُ مِنْهُمْ.12 So that from his body were brought unto the sick handkerchiefs or aprons, and the diseases departed from them, and the evil spirits went out of them.
13 فَشَرَعَ قَوْمٌ مِنَ الْيَهُودِ الطَّوَّافِينَ الْمُعَزِّمِينَ أَنْ يُسَمُّوا عَلَى الَّذِينَ بِهِمِ الأَرْوَاحُ الشِّرِّيرَةُ بِاسْمِ الرَّبِّ يَسُوعَ، قَائِلِينَ:«نُقْسِمُ عَلَيْكَ بِيَسُوعَ الَّذِي يَكْرِزُ بِهِ بُولُسُ!» 13 Then certain of the vagabond Jews, exorcists, took upon them to call over them which had evil spirits the name of the LORD Jesus, saying, We adjure you by Jesus whom Paul preacheth.
14 وَكَانَ سَبْعََةُ بَنِينَ لِسَكَاوَا، رَجُل يَهُودِيٍّ رَئِيسِ كَهَنَةٍ، الَّذِينَ فَعَلُوا هذَا.14 And there were seven sons of one Sceva, a Jew, and chief of the priests, which did so.
15 فَأَجَابَ الرُّوحُ الشِّرِّيرُ وَقَالَ:«أَمَّا يَسُوعُ فَأَنَا أَعْرِفُهُ، وَبُولُسُ أَنَا أَعْلَمُهُ، وَأَمَّا أَنْتُمْ فَمَنْ أَنْتُمْ؟»15 And the evil spirit answered and said, Jesus I know, and Paul I know; but who are ye?
16 فَوَثَبَ عَلَيْهِمُ الإِنْسَانُ الَّذِي كَانَ فِيهِ الرُّوحُ الشِّرِّيرُ، وَغَلَبَهُمْ وَقَوِيَ عَلَيْهِمْ، حَتَّى هَرَبُوا مِنْ ذلِكَ الْبَيْتِ عُرَاةً وَمُجَرَّحِينَ.16 And the man in whom the evil spirit was leaped on them, and overcame them, and prevailed against them, so that they fled out of that house naked and wounded.
17 وَصَارَ هذَا مَعْلُومًا عِنْدَ جَمِيعِ الْيَهُودِ وَالْيُونَانِيِّينَ السَّاكِنِينَ فِي أَفَسُسَ. فَوَقَعَ خَوْفٌ عَلَى جَمِيعِهِمْ، وَكَانَ اسْمُ الرَّبِّ يَسُوعَ يَتَعَظَّمُ.17 And this was known to all the Jews and Greeks also dwelling at Ephesus; and fear fell on them all, and the name of the Lord Jesus was magnified.
18 وَكَانَ كَثِيرُونَ مِنَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا يَأْتُونَ مُقِرِّينَ وَمُخْبِرِينَ بِأَفْعَالِهِمْ،18 And many that believed came, and confessed, and shewed their deeds.
19 وَكَانَ كَثِيرُونَ مِنَ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَعْمِلُونَ السِّحْرَ يَجْمَعُونَ الْكُتُبَ وَيُحَرِّقُونَهَا أَمَامَ الْجَمِيعِ. وَحَسَبُوا أَثْمَانَهَا فَوَجَدُوهَا خَمْسِينَ أَلْفًا مِنَ الْفِضَّةِ.19 Many of them also which used curious arts brought their books together, and burned them before all men: and they counted the price of them, and found it fifty thousand pieces of silver.
20 هكَذَا كَانَتْ كَلِمَةُ الرَّبِّ تَنْمُو وَتَقْوَى بِشِدَّةٍ.20 So mightily grew the word of God and prevailed.
21 وَلَمَّا كَمِلَتْ هذِهِ الأُمُورُ، وَضَعَ بُولُسُ فِي نَفْسِهِ أَنَّهُ بَعْدَمَا يَجْتَازُ فِي مَكِدُونِيَّةَ وَأَخَائِيَةَ يَذْهَبُ إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ، قَائِلاً:«إِنِّي بَعْدَ مَا أَصِيرُ هُنَاكَ يَنْبَغِي أَنْ أَرَى رُومِيَةَ أَيْضًا».21 After these things were ended, Paul purposed in the spirit, when he had passed through Macedonia and Achaia, to go to Jerusalem, saying, After I have been there, I must also see Rome.
22 فَأَرْسَلَ إِلَى مَكِدُونِيَّةَ اثْنَيْنِ مِنَ الَّذِينَ كَانُوا يَخْدِمُونَهُ: تِيمُوثَاوُسَ وَأَرَسْطُوسَ، وَلَبِثَ هُوَ زَمَانًا فِي أَسِيَّا.22 So he sent into Macedonia two of them that ministered unto him, Timotheus and Erastus; but he himself stayed in Asia for a season.
23 وَحَدَثَ فِي ذلِكَ الْوَقْتِ شَغَبٌ لَيْسَ بِقَلِيل بِسَبَبِ هذَا الطَّرِيقِ،23 And the same time there arose no small stir about that way.
24 لأَنَّ إِنْسَانًا اسْمُهُ دِيمِتْرِيُوسُ، صَائِغٌ صَانِعُ هَيَاكِلِ فِضَّةٍ لأَرْطَامِيسَ، كَانَ يُكَسِّبُ الصُّنَّاعَ مَكْسَبًا لَيْسَ بِقَلِيل.24 For a certain man named Demetrius, a silversmith, which made silver shrines for Diana, brought no small gain unto the craftsmen;
25 فَجَمَعَهُمْ وَالْفَعَلَةَ فِي مِثْلِ ذلِكَ الْعَمَلِ وَقَالَ:«أَيُّهَا الرِّجَالُ أَنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ سِعَتَنَا إِنَّمَا هِيَ مِنْ هذِهِ الصِّنَاعَةِ. 25 Whom he called together with the workmen of like occupation, and said, Sirs, ye know that by this craft we have our wealth.
26 وَأَنْتُمْ تَنْظُرُونَ وَتَسْمَعُونَ أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ مِنْ أَفَسُسَ فَقَطْ، بَلْ مِنْ جَمِيعِ أَسِيَّا تَقْرِيبًا، اسْتَمَالَ وَأَزَاغَ بُولُسُ هذَا جَمْعًا كَثِيرًا قَائِلاً: إِنَّ الَّتِي تُصْنَعُ بِالأَيَادِي لَيْسَتْ آلِهَةً.26 Moreover ye see and hear, that not alone at Ephesus, but almost throughout all Asia, this Paul hath persuaded and turned away much people, saying that they be no gods, which are made with hands:
27 فَلَيْسَ نَصِيبُنَا هذَا وَحْدَهُ فِي خَطَرٍ مِنْ أَنْ يَحْصُلَ فِي إِهَانَةٍ، بَلْ أَيْضًا هَيْكَلُ أَرْطَامِيسَ، الإِلهَةِ الْعَظِيمَةِ، أَنْ يُحْسَبَ لاَ شَيْءَ، وَأَنْ سَوْفَ تُهْدَمُ عَظَمَتُهَا، هِيَ الَّتِي يَعْبُدُهَا جَمِيعُ أَسِيَّا وَالْمَسْكُونَةِ».27 So that not only this our craft is in danger to be set at nought; but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana should be despised, and her magnificence should be destroyed, whom all Asia and the world worshippeth.
28 فَلَمَّا سَمِعُوا امْتَلأُوا غَضَبًا، وَطَفِقُوا يَصْرُخُونَ قَائِلِينَ:«عَظِيمَةٌ هِيَ أَرْطَامِيسُ الأَفَسُسِيِّينَ!».28 And when they heard these sayings, they were full of wrath, and cried out, saying, Great is Diana of the Ephesians.
29 فَامْتَلأَتِ الْمَدِينَةُ كُلُّهَا اضْطِرَابًا، وَانْدَفَعُوا بِنَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ إِلَى الْمَشْهَدِ خَاطِفِينَ مَعَهُمْ غَايُوسَ وَأَرِسْتَرْخُسَ الْمَكِدُونِيَّيْنِ، رَفِيقَيْ بُولُسَ فِي السَّفَرِ.29 And the whole city was filled with confusion: and having caught Gaius and Aristarchus, men of Macedonia, Paul's companions in travel, they rushed with one accord into the theatre.
30 وَلَمَّا كَانَ بُولُسُ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ بَيْنَ الشَّعْبِ، لَمْ يَدَعْهُ التَّلاَمِيذُ.30 And when Paul would have entered in unto the people, the disciples suffered him not.
31 وَأُنَاسٌ مِنْ وُجُوهِ أَسِيَّا، كَانُوا أَصْدِقَاءَهُ، أَرْسَلُوا يَطْلُبُونَ إِلَيْهِ أَنْ لاَ يُسَلِّمَ نَفْسَهُ إِلَى الْمَشْهَدِ.31 And certain of the chief of Asia, which were his friends, sent unto him, desiring him that he would not adventure himself into the theatre.
32 وَكَانَ الْبَعْضُ يَصْرُخُونَ بِشَيْءٍ وَالْبَعْضُ بِشَيْءٍ آخَرَ، لأَنَّ الْمَحْفِلَ كَانَ مُضْطَرِبًا، وَأَكْثَرُهُمْ لاَ يَدْرُونَ لأَيِّ شَيْءٍ كَانُوا قَدِ اجْتَمَعُوا!32 Some therefore cried one thing, and some another: for the assembly was confused: and the more part knew not wherefore they were come together.
33 فَاجْتَذَبُوا إِسْكَنْدَرَ مِنَ الْجَمْعِ، وَكَانَ الْيَهُودُ يَدْفَعُونَهُ. فَأَشَارَ إِسْكَنْدَرُ بِيَدِهِ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَحْتَجَّ لِلشَّعْبِ.33 And they drew Alexander out of the multitude, the Jews putting him forward. And Alexander beckoned with the hand, and would have made his defence unto the people.
34 فَلَمَّا عَرَفُوا أَنَّهُ يَهُودِيٌّ، صَارَ صَوْتٌ وَاحِدٌ مِنَ الْجَمِيعِ صَارِخِينَ نَحْوَ مُدَّةِ سَاعَتَيْنِ:«عَظِيمَةٌ هِيَ أَرْطَامِيسُ الأَفَسُسِيِّينَ!».34 But when they knew that he was a Jew, all with one voice about the space of two hours cried out, Great is Diana of the Ephesians.
35 ثُمَّ سَكَّنَ الْكَاتِبُ الْجَمْعَ وَقَالَ:«أَيُّهَا الرِّجَالُ الأَفَسُسِيُّونَ، مَنْ هُوَ الإِنْسَانُ الَّذِي لاَ يَعْلَمُ أَنَّ مَدِينَةَ الأَفَسُسِيِّينَ مُتَعَبِّدَةٌ لأَرْطَامِيسَ الإِلهَةِ الْعَظِيمَةِ وَالتِّمْثَالِ الَّذِي هَبَطَ مِنْ زَفْسَ؟35 And when the townclerk had appeased the people, he said, Ye men of Ephesus, what man is there that knoweth not how that the city of the Ephesians is a worshipper of the great goddess Diana, and of the image which fell down from Jupiter?
36 فَإِذْ كَانَتْ هذِهِ الأَشْيَاءُ لاَ تُقَاوَمُ، يَنْبَغِي أَنْ تَكُونُوا هَادِئِينَ وَلاَ تَفْعَلُوا شَيْئًا اقْتِحَامًا.36 Seeing then that these things cannot be spoken against, ye ought to be quiet, and to do nothing rashly.
37 لأَنَّكُمْ أَتَيْتُمْ بِهذَيْنِ الرَّجُلَيْنِ، وَهُمَا لَيْسَا سَارِقَيْ هَيَاكِلَ، وَلاَ مُجَدِّفَيْنِ عَلَى إِلهَتِكُمْ.37 For ye have brought hither these men, which are neither robbers of churches, nor yet blasphemers of your goddess.
38 فَإِنْ كَانَ دِيمِتْرِيُوسُ وَالصُّنَّاعُ الَّذِينَ مَعَهُ لَهُمْ دَعْوَى عَلَى أَحَدٍ، فَإِنَّهُ تُقَامُ أَيَّامٌ لِلْقَضَاءِ، وَيُوجَدُ وُلاَةٌ، فَلْيُرَافِعُوا بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا.38 Wherefore if Demetrius, and the craftsmen which are with him, have a matter against any man, the law is open, and there are deputies: let them implead one another.
39 وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَطْلُبُونَ شَيْئًا مِنْ جِهَةِ أُمُورٍ أُخَرَ، فَإِنَّهُ يُقْضَى فِي مَحْفِل شَرْعِيٍّ.39 But if ye enquire any thing concerning other matters, it shall be determined in a lawful assembly.
40 لأَنَّنَا فِي خَطَرٍ أَنْ نُحَاكَمَ مِنْ أَجْلِ فِتْنَةِ هذَا الْيَوْمِ. وَلَيْسَ عِلَّةٌ يُمْكِنُنَا مِنْ أَجْلِهَا أَنْ نُقَدِّمَ حِسَابًا عَنْ هذَا التَّجَمُّعِ».40 For we are in danger to be called in question for this day's uproar, there being no cause whereby we may give an account of this concourse.
41 وَلَمَّا قَالَ هذَا صَرَفَ الْمَحْفِلَ.41 And when he had thus spoken, he dismissed the assembly.
مُعَزِّم
الراقي الذي يستعمل الرقية أو السحر.
سعَة
كسب، تحصيل معيشة، بحبوحة.