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إصحاحات Chapters
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10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
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28

تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

أعمال الرسل [17] Acts
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Chapter Summary
1 فَاجْتَازَا فِي أَمْفِيبُولِيسَ وَأَبُولُونِيَّةَ، وَأَتَيَا إِلَى تَسَالُونِيكِي، حَيْثُ كَانَ مَجْمَعُ الْيَهُودِ.1 Now when they had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where was a synagogue of the Jews:
2 فَدَخَلَ بُولُسُ إِلَيْهِمْ حَسَبَ عَادَتِهِ، وَكَانَ يُحَاجُّهُمْ ثَلاَثَةَ سُبُوتٍ مِنَ الْكُتُبِ، 2 And Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them, and three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures,
3 مُوَضِّحًا وَمُبَيِّنًا أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَنْبَغِي أَنَّ الْمَسِيحَ يَتَأَلَّمُ وَيَقُومُ مِنَ الأَمْوَاتِ، وَأَنَّ: هذَا هُوَ الْمَسِيحُ يَسُوعُ الَّذِي أَنَا أُنَادِي لَكُمْ بِهِ.3 Opening and alleging, that Christ must needs have suffered, and risen again from the dead; and that this Jesus, whom I preach unto you, is Christ.
4 فَاقْتَنَعَ قَوْمٌ مِنْهُمْ وَانْحَازُوا إِلَى بُولُسَ وَسِيلاَ، وَمِنَ الْيُونَانِيِّينَ الْمُتَعَبِّدِينَ جُمْهُورٌ كَثِيرٌ، وَمِنَ النِّسَاءِ الْمُتَقَدِّمَاتِ عَدَدٌ لَيْسَ بِقَلِيل.4 And some of them believed, and consorted with Paul and Silas; and of the devout Greeks a great multitude, and of the chief women not a few.
5 فَغَارَ الْيَهُودُ غَيْرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَاتَّخَذُوا رِجَالاً أَشْرَارًا مِنْ أَهْلِ السُّوقِ، وَتَجَمَّعُوا وَسَجَّسُوا الْمَدِينَةَ، وَقَامُوا عَلَى بَيْتِ يَاسُونَ طَالِبِينَ أَنْ يُحْضِرُوهُمَا إِلَى الشَّعْبِ. 5 But the Jews which believed not, moved with envy, took unto them certain lewd fellows of the baser sort, and gathered a company, and set all the city on an uproar, and assaulted the house of Jason, and sought to bring them out to the people.
6 وَلَمَّا لَمْ يَجِدُوهُمَا، جَرُّوا يَاسُونَ وَأُنَاسًا مِنَ الإِخْوَةِ إِلَى حُكَّامِ الْمَدِينَةِ صَارِخِينَ:«إِنَّ هؤُلاَءِ الَّذِينَ فَتَنُوا الْمَسْكُونَةَ حَضَرُوا إِلَى ههُنَا أَيْضًا.6 And when they found them not, they drew Jason and certain brethren unto the rulers of the city, crying, These that have turned the world upside down are come hither also;
7 وَقَدْ قَبِلَهُمْ يَاسُونُ. وَهؤُلاَءِ كُلُّهُمْ يَعْمَلُونَ ضِدَّ أَحْكَامِ قَيْصَرَ قَائِلِينَ: إِنَّهُ يُوجَدُ مَلِكٌ آخَرُ: يَسُوعُ!»7 Whom Jason hath received: and these all do contrary to the decrees of Caesar, saying that there is another king, one Jesus.
8 فَأَزْعَجُوا الْجَمْعَ وَحُكَّامَ الْمَدِينَةِ إِذْ سَمِعُوا هذَا.8 And they troubled the people and the rulers of the city, when they heard these things.
9 فَأَخَذُوا كَفَالَةً مِنْ يَاسُونَ وَمِنَ الْبَاقِينَ، ثُمَّ أَطْلَقُوهُمْ.9 And when they had taken security of Jason, and of the other, they let them go.
10 وَأَمَّا الإِخْوَةُ فَلِلْوَقْتِ أَرْسَلُوا بُولُسَ وَسِيلاَ لَيْلاً إِلَى بِيرِيَّةَ. وَهُمَا لَمَّا وَصَلاَ مَضَيَا إِلَى مَجْمَعِ الْيَهُودِ.10 And the brethren immediately sent away Paul and Silas by night unto Berea: who coming thither went into the synagogue of the Jews.
11 وَكَانَ هؤُلاَءِ أَشْرَفَ مِنَ الَّذِينَ فِي تَسَالُونِيكِي، فَقَبِلُوا الْكَلِمَةَ بِكُلِّ نَشَاطٍ فَاحِصِينَ الْكُتُبَ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ: هَلْ هذِهِ الأُمُورُ هكَذَا؟11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.
12 فَآمَنَ مِنْهُمْ كَثِيرُونَ، وَمِنَ النِّسَاءِ الْيُونَانِيَّاتِ الشَّرِيفَاتِ، وَمِنَ الرِّجَالِ عَدَدٌ لَيْسَ بِقَلِيل.12 Therefore many of them believed; also of honourable women which were Greeks, and of men, not a few.
13 فَلَمَّا عَلِمَ الْيَهُودُ الَّذِينَ مِنْ تَسَالُونِيكِي أَنَّهُ فِي بِيرِيَّةَ أَيْضًا نَادَى بُولُسُ بِكَلِمَةِ اللهِ، جَاءُوا يُهَيِّجُونَ الْجُمُوعَ هُنَاكَ أَيْضًا.13 But when the Jews of Thessalonica had knowledge that the word of God was preached of Paul at Berea, they came thither also, and stirred up the people.
14 فَحِينَئِذٍ أَرْسَلَ الإِخْوَةُ بُولُسَ لِلْوَقْتِ لِيَذْهَبَ كَمَا إِلَى الْبَحْرِ، وَأَمَّا سِيلاَ وَتِيمُوثَاوُسُ فَبَقِيَا هُنَاكَ.14 And then immediately the brethren sent away Paul to go as it were to the sea: but Silas and Timotheus abode there still.
15 وَالَّذِينَ صَاحَبُوا بُولُسَ جَاءُوا بِهِ إِلَى أَثِينَا. وَلَمَّا أَخَذُوا وَصِيَّةً إِلَى سِيلاَ وَتِيمُوثَاوُسَ أَنْ يَأْتِيَا إِلَيْهِ بِأَسْرَعِ مَا يُمْكِنُ، مَضَوْا.15 And they that conducted Paul brought him unto Athens: and receiving a commandment unto Silas and Timotheus for to come to him with all speed, they departed.
16 وَبَيْنَمَا بُولُسُ يَنْتَظِرُهُمَا فِي أَثِينَا احْتَدَّتْ رُوحُهُ فِيهِ، إِذْ رَأَى الْمَدِينَةَ مَمْلُؤَةً أَصْنَامًا.16 Now while Paul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was stirred in him, when he saw the city wholly given to idolatry.
17 فَكَانَ يُكَلِّمُ فِي الْمَجْمَعِ الْيَهُودَ الْمُتَعَبِّدِينَ، وَالَّذِينَ يُصَادِفُونَهُ فِي السُّوقِ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ.17 Therefore disputed he in the synagogue with the Jews, and with the devout persons, and in the market daily with them that met with him.
18 فَقَابَلَهُ قَوْمٌ مِنَ الْفَلاَسِفَةِ الأَبِيكُورِيِّينَ وَالرِّوَاقِيِّينَ، وَقَالَ بَعْضٌ:«تُرَى مَاذَا يُرِيدُ هذَا الْمِهْذَارُ أَنْ يَقُولَ؟» وَبَعْضٌ:«إِنَّهُ يَظْهَرُ مُنَادِيًا بِآلِهَةٍ غَرِيبَةٍ». لأَنَّهُ كَانَ يُبَشِّرُهُمْ بِيَسُوعَ وَالْقِيَامَةِ. 18 Then certain philosophers of the Epicureans, and of the Stoicks, encountered him. And some said, What will this babbler say? other some, He seemeth to be a setter forth of strange gods: because he preached unto them Jesus, and the resurrection.
19 فَأَخَذُوهُ وَذَهَبُوا بِهِ إِلَى أَرِيُوسَ بَاغُوسَ، قَائِلِينَ:«هَلْ يُمْكِنُنَا أَنْ نَعْرِفَ مَا هُوَ هذَا التَّعْلِيمُ الْجَدِيدُ الَّذِي تَتَكَلَّمُ بِهِ.19 And they took him, and brought him unto Areopagus, saying, May we know what this new doctrine, whereof thou speakest, is?
20 لأَنَّكَ تَأْتِي إِلَى مَسَامِعِنَا بِأُمُورٍ غَرِيبَةٍ، فَنُرِيدُ أَنْ نَعْلَمَ مَا عَسَى أَنْ تَكُونَ هذِهِ».20 For thou bringest certain strange things to our ears: we would know therefore what these things mean.
21 أَمَّا الأَثِينِوِيُّونَ أَجْمَعُونَ وَالْغُرَبَاءُ الْمُسْتَوْطِنُونَ، فَلاَ يَتَفَرَّغُونَ لِشَيْءٍ آخَرَ، إِلاَّ لأَنْ يَتَكَلَّمُوا أَوْ يَسْمَعُوا شَيْئًا حَديثًا.21 (For all the Athenians and strangers which were there spent their time in nothing else, but either to tell, or to hear some new thing.)
22 فَوَقَفَ بُولُسُ فِي وَسْطِ أَرِيُوسَ بَاغُوسَ وَقَالَ:«أَيُّهَا الرِّجَالُ الأَثِينِوِيُّونَ! أَرَاكُمْ مِنْ كُلِّ وَجْهٍ كَأَنَّكُمْ مُتَدَيِّنُونَ كَثِيرًا،22 Then Paul stood in the midst of Mars' hill, and said, Ye men of Athens, I perceive that in all things ye are too superstitious.
23 لأَنَّنِي بَيْنَمَا كُنْتُ أَجْتَازُ وَأَنْظُرُ إِلَى مَعْبُودَاتِكُمْ، وَجَدْتُ أَيْضًا مَذْبَحًا مَكْتُوبًا عَلَيْهِ:«لإِلهٍ مَجْهُول». فَالَّذِي تَتَّقُونَهُ وَأَنْتُمْ تَجْهَلُونَهُ، هذَا أَنَا أُنَادِي لَكُمْ بِهِ.23 For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions, I found an altar with this inscription, TO THE UNKNOWN GOD. Whom therefore ye ignorantly worship, him declare I unto you.
24 الإِلهُ الَّذِي خَلَقَ الْعَالَمَ وَكُلَّ مَا فِيهِ، هذَا، إِذْ هُوَ رَبُّ السَّمَاءِ وَالأَرْضِ، لاَ يَسْكُنُ فِي هَيَاكِلَ مَصْنُوعَةٍ بِالأَيَادِي،24 God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands;
25 وَلاَ يُخْدَمُ بِأَيَادِي النَّاسِ كَأَنَّهُ مُحْتَاجٌ إِلَى شَيْءٍ، إِذْ هُوَ يُعْطِي الْجَمِيعَ حَيَاةً وَنَفْسًا وَكُلَّ شَيْءٍ.25 Neither is worshipped with men's hands, as though he needed any thing, seeing he giveth to all life, and breath, and all things;
26 وَصَنَعَ مِنْ دَمٍ وَاحِدٍ كُلَّ أُمَّةٍ مِنَ النَّاسِ يَسْكُنُونَ عَلَى كُلِّ وَجْهِ الأَرْضِ، وَحَتَمَ بِالأَوْقَاتِ الْمُعَيَّنَةِ وَبِحُدُودِ مَسْكَنِهِمْ،26 And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation;
27 لِكَيْ يَطْلُبُوا اللهَ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَلَمَّسُونَهُ فَيَجِدُوهُ، مَعَ أَنَّهُ عَنْ كُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنَّا لَيْسَ بَعِيدًا.27 That they should seek the Lord, if haply they might feel after him, and find him, though he be not far from every one of us:
28 لأَنَّنَا بِهِ نَحْيَا وَنَتَحَرَّكُ وَنُوجَدُ. كَمَا قَالَ بَعْضُ شُعَرَائِكُمْ أَيْضًا: لأَنَّنَا أَيْضًا ذُرِّيَّتُهُ.28 For in him we live, and move, and have our being; as certain also of your own poets have said, For we are also his offspring.
29 فَإِذْ نَحْنُ ذُرِّيَّةُ اللهِ، لاَ يَنْبَغِي أَنْ نَظُنَّ أَنَّ اللاَّهُوتَ شَبِيهٌ بِذَهَبٍ أَوْ فِضَّةٍ أَوْ حَجَرِ نَقْشِ صِنَاعَةِ وَاخْتِرَاعِ إِنْسَانٍ.29 Forasmuch then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man's device.
30 فَاللهُ الآنَ يَأْمُرُ جَمِيعَ النَّاسِ فِي كُلِّ مَكَانٍ أَنْ يَتُوبُوا، مُتَغَاضِيًا عَنْ أَزْمِنَةِ الْجَهْلِ.30 And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent:
31 لأَنَّهُ أَقَامَ يَوْمًا هُوَ فِيهِ مُزْمِعٌ أَنْ يَدِينَ الْمَسْكُونَةَ بِالْعَدْلِ، بِرَجُل قَدْ عَيَّنَهُ، مُقَدِّمًا لِلْجَمِيعِ إِيمَانًا إِذْ أَقَامَهُ مِنَ الأَمْوَاتِ».31 Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by that man whom he hath ordained; whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead.
32 وَلَمَّا سَمِعُوا بِالْقِيَامَةِ مِنَ الأَمْوَاتِ كَانَ الْبَعْضُ يَسْتَهْزِئُونَ، وَالْبَعْضُ يَقُولُونَ:«سَنَسْمَعُ مِنْكَ عَنْ هذَا أَيْضًا!».32 And when they heard of the resurrection of the dead, some mocked: and others said, We will hear thee again of this matter.
33 وَهكَذَا خَرَجَ بُولُسُ مِنْ وَسْطِهِمْ.33 So Paul departed from among them.
34 وَلكِنَّ أُنَاسًا الْتَصَقُوا بِهِ وَآمَنُوا، مِنْهُمْ دِيُونِيسِيُوسُ الأَرِيُوبَاغِيُّ، وَامْرَأَةٌ اسْمُهَا دَامَرِسُ وَآخَرُونَ مَعَهُمَا.34 Howbeit certain men clave unto him, and believed: among the which was Dionysius the Areopagite, and a woman named Damaris, and others with them.
يُحاجّ
يحاجج، يجادل، يناقش.
سجَّسوا
أفسدوا وكدّروا.
مَهذار
من يخلط في كلامه ويتكلم بما لا ينبغي.