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إصحاحات Chapters
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10 11 12 13 14 15 16

تفسير Commentary
بنيامين بنكرتن
هنري أيرونسايد
هلال أمين
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

مرقس [10] Mark
ألإصحاح السابق-Previous Chapter
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Chapter Summary
1 وَقَامَ مِنْ هُنَاكَ وَجَاءَ إِلَى تُخُومِ الْيَهُودِيَّةِ مِنْ عَبْرِ الأُرْدُنِّ. فَاجْتَمَعَ إِلَيْهِ جُمُوعٌ أَيْضًا، وَكَعَادَتِهِ كَانَ أَيْضًا يُعَلِّمُهُمْ.1 And he arose from thence, and cometh into the coasts of Judaea by the farther side of Jordan: and the people resort unto him again; and, as he was wont, he taught them again.
2 فَتَقَدَّمَ الْفَرِّيسِيُّونَ وَسَأَلُوهُ:«هَلْ يَحِلُّ لِلرَّجُلِ أَنْ يُطَلِّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ؟» لِيُجَرِّبُوهُ.2 And the Pharisees came to him, and asked him, Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife? tempting him.
3 فَأَجَابَ وَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«بِمَاذَا أَوْصَاكُمْ مُوسَى؟»3 And he answered and said unto them, What did Moses command you?
4 فَقَالُوا:«مُوسَى أَذِنَ أَنْ يُكْتَبَ كِتَابُ طَلاَق، فَتُطَلَّقُ».4 And they said, Moses suffered to write a bill of divorcement, and to put her away.
5 فَأَجَابَ يَسُوعُ وَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«مِنْ أَجْلِ قَسَاوَةِ قُلُوبِكُمْ كَتَبَ لَكُمْ هذِهِ الْوَصِيَّةَ،5 And Jesus answered and said unto them, For the hardness of your heart he wrote you this precept.
6 وَلكِنْ مِنْ بَدْءِ الْخَلِيقَةِ، ذَكَرًا وَأُنْثَى خَلَقَهُمَا اللهُ.6 But from the beginning of the creation God made them male and female.
7 مِنْ أَجْلِ هذَا يَتْرُكُ الرَّجُلُ أَبَاهُ وَأُمَّهُ وَيَلْتَصِقُ بِامْرَأَتِهِ،7 For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and cleave to his wife;
8 وَيَكُونُ الاثْنَانِ جَسَدًا وَاحِدًا. إِذًا لَيْسَا بَعْدُ اثْنَيْنِ بَلْ جَسَدٌ وَاحِدٌ.8 And they twain shall be one flesh: so then they are no more twain, but one flesh.
9 فَالَّذِي جَمَعَهُ اللهُ لاَ يُفَرِّقْهُ إِنْسَانٌ».9 What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.
10 ثُمَّ فِي الْبَيْتِ سَأَلَهُ تَلاَمِيذُهُ أَيْضًا عَنْ ذلِكَ،10 And in the house his disciples asked him again of the same matter.
11 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«مَنْ طَلَّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ وَتَزَوَّجَ بِأُخْرَى يَزْنِي عَلَيْهَا.11 And he saith unto them, Whosoever shall put away his wife, and marry another, committeth adultery against her.
12 وَإِنْ طَلَّقَتِ امْرَأَةٌ زَوْجَهَا وَتَزَوَّجَتْ بِآخَرَ تَزْنِي».12 And if a woman shall put away her husband, and be married to another, she committeth adultery.
13 وَقَدَّمُوا إِلَيْهِ أَوْلاَدًا لِكَيْ يَلْمِسَهُمْ. وَأَمَّا التَّلاَمِيذُ فَانْتَهَرُوا الَّذِينَ قَدَّمُوهُمْ.13 And they brought young children to him, that he should touch them: and his disciples rebuked those that brought them.
14 فَلَمَّا رَأَى يَسُوعُ ذلِكَ اغْتَاظَ وَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«دَعُوا الأَوْلاَدَ يَأْتُونَ إِلَيَّ وَلاَ تَمْنَعُوهُمْ، لأَنَّ لِمِثْلِ هؤُلاَءِ مَلَكُوتَ اللهِ.14 But when Jesus saw it, he was much displeased, and said unto them, Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God.
15 اَلْحَقَّ أَقُولُ لَكُمْ: مَنْ لاَ يَقْبَلُ مَلَكُوتَ اللهِ مِثْلَ وَلَدٍ فَلَنْ يَدْخُلَهُ».15 Verily I say unto you, Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child, he shall not enter therein.
16 فَاحْتَضَنَهُمْ وَوَضَعَ يَدَيْهِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَبَارَكَهُمْ.16 And he took them up in his arms, put his hands upon them, and blessed them.
17 وَفِيمَا هُوَ خَارِجٌ إِلَى الطَّرِيقِ، رَكَضَ وَاحِدٌ وَجَثَا لَهُ وَسَأَلَهُ:«أَيُّهَا الْمُعَلِّمُ الصَّالِحُ، مَاذَا أَعْمَلُ لأَرِثَ الْحَيَاةَ الأَبَدِيَّةَ؟»17 And when he was gone forth into the way, there came one running, and kneeled to him, and asked him, Good Master, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life?
18 فَقَالَ لَهُ يَسُوعُ:«لِمَاذَا تَدْعُونِي صَالِحًا؟ لَيْسَ أَحَدٌ صَالِحًا إِلاَّ وَاحِدٌ وَهُوَ اللهُ.18 And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God.
19 أَنْتَ تَعْرِفُ الْوَصَايَا: لاَ تَزْنِ. لاَ تَقْتُلْ. لاَ تَسْرِقْ. لاَ تَشْهَدْ بِالزُّورِ. لاَ تَسْلُبْ. أَكْرِمْ أَبَاكَ وَأُمَّكَ».19 Thou knowest the commandments, Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Defraud not, Honour thy father and mother.
20 فَأَجَابَ وَقَالَ لَهُ:«يَا مُعَلِّمُ، هذِهِ كُلُّهَا حَفِظْتُهَا مُنْذُ حَدَاثَتِي».20 And he answered and said unto him, Master, all these have I observed from my youth.
21 فَنَظَرَ إِلَيْهِ يَسُوعُ وَأَحَبَّهُ، وَقَالَ لَهُ:«يُعْوِزُكَ شَيْءٌ وَاحِدٌ: اِذْهَبْ بِعْ كُلَّ مَا لَكَ وَأَعْطِ الْفُقَرَاءَ، فَيَكُونَ لَكَ كَنْزٌ فِي السَّمَاءِ، وَتَعَالَ اتْبَعْنِي حَامِلاً الصَّلِيبَ».21 Then Jesus beholding him loved him, and said unto him, One thing thou lackest: go thy way, sell whatsoever thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, take up the cross, and follow me.
22 فَاغْتَمَّ عَلَى الْقَوْلِ وَمَضَى حَزِينًا، لأَنَّهُ كَانَ ذَا أَمْوَال كَثِيرَةٍ.22 And he was sad at that saying, and went away grieved: for he had great possessions.
23 فَنَظَرَ يَسُوعُ حَوْلَهُ وَقَالَ لِتَلاَمِيذِهِ:«مَا أَعْسَرَ دُخُولَ ذَوِي الأَمْوَالِ إِلَى مَلَكُوتِ اللهِ!»23 And Jesus looked round about, and saith unto his disciples, How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God!
24 فَتَحَيَّرَ التَّلاَمِيذُ مِنْ كَلاَمِهِ. فَأَجَابَ يَسُوعُ أَيْضًا وَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«يَا بَنِيَّ، مَا أَعْسَرَ دُخُولَ الْمُتَّكِلِينَ عَلَى الأَمْوَالِ إِلَى مَلَكُوتِ اللهِ!24 And the disciples were astonished at his words. But Jesus answereth again, and saith unto them, Children, how hard is it for them that trust in riches to enter into the kingdom of God!
25 مُرُورُ جَمَل مِنْ ثَقْبِ إِبْرَةٍ أَيْسَرُ مِنْ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ غَنِيٌّ إِلَى مَلَكُوتِ اللهِ»25 It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.
26 فَبُهِتُوا إِلَى الْغَايَةِ قَائِلِينَ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ: «فَمَنْ يَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ يَخْلُصَ؟»26 And they were astonished out of measure, saying among themselves, Who then can be saved?
27 فَنَظَرَ إِلَيْهِمْ يَسُوعُ وَقَالَ:«عِنْدَ النَّاسِ غَيْرُ مُسْتَطَاعٍ، وَلكِنْ لَيْسَ عِنْدَ اللهِ، لأَنَّ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ مُسْتَطَاعٌ عِنْدَ اللهِ».27 And Jesus looking upon them saith, With men it is impossible, but not with God: for with God all things are possible.
28 وَابْتَدَأَ بُطْرُسُ يَقُولُ لَهُ:«هَا نَحْنُ قَدْ تَرَكْنَا كُلَّ شَيْءٍ وَتَبِعْنَاكَ».28 Then Peter began to say unto him, Lo, we have left all, and have followed thee.
29 فَأَجَابَ يَسُوعُ وَقَالَ: «الْحَقَّ أَقُولُ لَكُمْ:لَيْسَ أَحَدٌ تَرَكَ بَيْتًا أَوْ إِخْوَةً أَوْ أَخَوَاتٍ أَوْ أَبًا أَوْ أُمًّا أَوِ امْرَأَةً أَوْ أَوْلاَدًا أَوْ حُقُولاً، لأَجْلِي وَلأَجْلِ الإِنْجِيلِ،29 And Jesus answered and said, Verily I say unto you, There is no man that hath left house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my sake, and the gospel's,
30 إِلاَّ وَيَأْخُذُ مِئَةَ ضِعْفٍ الآنَ فِي هذَا الزَّمَانِ، بُيُوتًا وَإِخْوَةً وَأَخَوَاتٍ وَأُمَّهَاتٍ وَأَوْلاَدًا وَحُقُولاً، مَعَ اضْطِهَادَاتٍ، وَفِي الدَّهْرِ الآتِي الْحَيَاةَ الأَبَدِيَّةَ.30 But he shall receive an hundredfold now in this time, houses, and brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; and in the world to come eternal life.
31 وَلكِنْ كَثِيرُونَ أَوَّلُونَ يَكُونُونَ آخِرِينَ، وَالآخِرُونَ أَوَّلِينَ».31 But many that are first shall be last; and the last first.
32 وَكَانُوا فِي الطَّرِيقِ صَاعِدِينَ إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ وَيَتَقَدَّمُهُمْ يَسُوعُ، وَكَانُوا يَتَحَيَّرُونَ. وَفِيمَا هُمْ يَتْبَعُونَ كَانُوا يَخَافُونَ. فَأَخَذَ الاثْنَيْ عَشَرَ أَيْضًا وَابْتَدَأَ يَقُولُ لَهُمْ عَمَّا سَيَحْدُثُ لَهُ:32 And they were in the way going up to Jerusalem; and Jesus went before them: and they were amazed; and as they followed, they were afraid. And he took again the twelve, and began to tell them what things should happen unto him,
33 «هَا نَحْنُ صَاعِدُونَ إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ، وَابْنُ الإِنْسَانِ يُسَلَّمُ إِلَى رُؤَسَاءِ الْكَهَنَةِ وَالْكَتَبَةِ، فَيَحْكُمُونَ عَلَيْهِ بِالْمَوْتِ، وَيُسَلِّمُونَهُ إِلَى الأُمَمِ،33 Saying, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be delivered unto the chief priests, and unto the scribes; and they shall condemn him to death, and shall deliver him to the Gentiles:
34 فَيَهْزَأُونَ بِهِ وَيَجْلِدُونَهُ وَيَتْفُلُونَ عَلَيْهِ وَيَقْتُلُونَهُ، وَفِي الْيَوْمِ الثَّالِثِ يَقُومُ».34 And they shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and shall kill him: and the third day he shall rise again.
35 وَتَقَدَّمَ إِلَيْهِ يَعْقُوبُ وَيُوحَنَّا ابْنَا زَبْدِي قَائِلَيْنِ:«يَا مُعَلِّمُ، نُرِيدُ أَنْ تَفْعَلَ لَنَا كُلَّ مَا طَلَبْنَا».35 And James and John, the sons of Zebedee, come unto him, saying, Master, we would that thou shouldest do for us whatsoever we shall desire.
36 فَقَالَ لَهُمَا:«مَاذَا تُرِيدَانِ أَنْ أَفْعَلَ لَكُمَا؟»36 And he said unto them, What would ye that I should do for you?
37 فَقَالاَ لَهُ:«أَعْطِنَا أَنْ نَجْلِسَ وَاحِدٌ عَنْ يَمِينِكَ وَالآخَرُ عَنْ يَسَارِكَ فِي مَجْدِكَ».37 They said unto him, Grant unto us that we may sit, one on thy right hand, and the other on thy left hand, in thy glory.
38 فَقَالَ لَهُمَا يَسُوعُ:«لَسْتُمَا تَعْلَمَانِ مَا تَطْلُبَانِ. أَتَسْتَطِيعَانِ أَنْ تَشْرَبَا الْكَأْسَ الَّتِي أَشْرَبُهَا أَنَا، وَأَنْ تَصْطَبِغَا بِالصِّبْغَةِ الَّتِي أَصْطَبغُ بِهَا أَنَا؟»38 But Jesus said unto them, Ye know not what ye ask: can ye drink of the cup that I drink of? and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?
39 فَقَالاَ لَهُ: «نَسْتَطِيعُ». فَقَالَ لَهُمَا يَسُوعُ:«أَمَّا الْكَأْسُ الَّتِي أَشْرَبُهَا أَنَا فَتَشْرَبَانِهَا، وَبَالصِّبْغَةِ الَّتِي أَصْطَبغُ بِهَا أَنَا تَصْطَبِغَانِ.39 And they said unto him, We can. And Jesus said unto them, Ye shall indeed drink of the cup that I drink of; and with the baptism that I am baptized withal shall ye be baptized:
40 وَأَمَّا الْجُلُوسُ عَنْ يَمِينِي وَعَنْ يَسَارِي فَلَيْسَ لِي أَنْ أُعْطِيَهُ إِلاَّ لِلَّذِينَ أُعِدَّ لَهُمْ».40 But to sit on my right hand and on my left hand is not mine to give; but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared.
41 وَلَمَّا سَمِعَ الْعَشَرَةُ ابْتَدَأُوا يَغْتَاظُونَ مِنْ أَجْلِ يَعْقُوبَ وَيُوحَنَّا.41 And when the ten heard it, they began to be much displeased with James and John.
42 فَدَعَاهُمْ يَسُوعُ وَقَالَ لَهُمْ: «أَنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ الَّذِينَ يُحْسَبُونَ رُؤَسَاءَ الأُمَمِ يَسُودُونَهُمْ، وَأَنَّ عُظَمَاءَهُمْ يَتَسَلَّطُونَ عَلَيْهِمْ.42 But Jesus called them to him, and saith unto them, Ye know that they which are accounted to rule over the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and their great ones exercise authority upon them.
43 فَلاَ يَكُونُ هكَذَا فِيكُمْ. بَلْ مَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يَصِيرَ فِيكُمْ عَظِيمًا، يَكُونُ لَكُمْ خَادِمًا،43 But so shall it not be among you: but whosoever will be great among you, shall be your minister:
44 وَمَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يَصِيرَ فِيكُمْ أَوَّلاً، يَكُونُ لِلْجَمِيعِ عَبْدًا.44 And whosoever of you will be the chiefest, shall be servant of all.
45 لأَنَّ ابْنَ الإِنْسَانِ أَيْضًا لَمْ يَأْتِ لِيُخْدَمَ بَلْ لِيَخْدِمَ وَلِيَبْذِلَ نَفْسَهُ فِدْيَةً عَنْ كَثِيرِينَ».45 For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
46 وَجَاءُوا إِلَى أَرِيحَا. وَفِيمَا هُوَ خَارِجٌ مِنْ أَرِيحَا مَعَ تَلاَمِيذِهِ وَجَمْعٍ غَفِيرٍ، كَانَ بَارْتِيمَاوُسُ الأَعْمَى ابْنُ تِيمَاوُسَ جَالِسًا عَلَى الطَّرِيقِ يَسْتَعْطِي.46 And they came to Jericho: and as he went out of Jericho with his disciples and a great number of people, blind Bartimaeus, the son of Timaeus, sat by the highway side begging.
47 فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ أَنَّهُ يَسُوعُ النَّاصِرِيُّ، ابْتَدَأَ يَصْرُخُ وَيَقُولُ:«يَا يَسُوعُ ابْنَ دَاوُدَ، ارْحَمْنِي!»47 And when he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to cry out, and say, Jesus, thou son of David, have mercy on me.
48 فَانْتَهَرَهُ كَثِيرُونَ لِيَسْكُتَ، فَصَرَخَ أَكْثَرَ كَثِيرًا:«يَا ابْنَ دَاوُدَ، ارْحَمْنِي!».48 And many charged him that he should hold his peace: but he cried the more a great deal, Thou son of David, have mercy on me.
49 فَوَقَفَ يَسُوعُ وَأَمَرَ أَنْ يُنَادَى. فَنَادَوُا الأَعْمَى قَائِلِينَ لَهُ:«ثِقْ! قُمْ! هُوَذَا يُنَادِيكَ».49 And Jesus stood still, and commanded him to be called. And they call the blind man, saying unto him, Be of good comfort, rise; he calleth thee.
50 فَطَرَحَ رِدَاءَهُ وَقَامَ وَجَاءَ إِلَى يَسُوعَ.50 And he, casting away his garment, rose, and came to Jesus.
51 فَأَجَابَ يَسُوعُ وَقَالَ لَهُ:«مَاذَا تُرِيدُ أَنْ أَفْعَلَ بِكَ؟» فَقَالَ لَهُ الأَعْمَى:«يَا سَيِّدِي، أَنْ أُبْصِرَ!».51 And Jesus answered and said unto him, What wilt thou that I should do unto thee? The blind man said unto him, Lord, that I might receive my sight.
52 فَقَالَ لَهُ يَسُوعُ:«اذْهَبْ. إِيمَانُكَ قَدْ شَفَاكَ». فَلِلْوَقْتِ أَبْصَرَ، وَتَبِعَ يَسُوعَ فِي الطَّرِيقِ.52 And Jesus said unto him, Go thy way; thy faith hath made thee whole. And immediately he received his sight, and followed Jesus in the way.