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تفسير Commentary
بنيامين بنكرتن
هنري أيرونسايد
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

متى [20] Matthew
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Chapter Summary
1 «فَإِنَّ مَلَكُوتَ السَّمَاوَاتِ يُشْبِهُ رَجُلاً رَبَّ بَيْتٍ خَرَجَ مَعَ الصُّبْحِ لِيَسْتَأْجِرَ فَعَلَةً لِكَرْمِهِ،1 For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard.
2 فَاتَّفَقَ مَعَ الْفَعَلَةِ عَلَى دِينَارٍ فِي الْيَوْمِ، وَأَرْسَلَهُمْ إِلَى كَرْمِهِ.2 And when he had agreed with the labourers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard.
3 ثُمَّ خَرَجَ نَحْوَ السَّاعَةِ الثَّالِثَةِ وَرَأَى آخَرِينَ قِيَامًا فِي السُّوقِ بَطَّالِينَ،3 And he went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the marketplace,
4 فَقَالَ لَهُمُ: اذْهَبُوا أَنْتُمْ أَيْضًا إِلَى الْكَرْمِ فَأُعْطِيَكُمْ مَا يَحِقُّ لَكُمْ. فَمَضَوْا.4 And said unto them; Go ye also into the vineyard, and whatsoever is right I will give you. And they went their way.
5 وَخَرَجَ أَيْضًا نَحْوَ السَّاعَةِ السَّادِسَةِ وَالتَّاسِعَةِ وَفَعَلَ كَذلِكَ.5 Again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour, and did likewise.
6 ثُمَّ نَحْوَ السَّاعَةِ الْحَادِيَةَ عَشْرَةَ خَرَجَ وَوَجَدَ آخَرِينَ قِيَامًا بَطَّالِينَ، فَقَالَ لَهُمْ: لِمَاذَا وَقَفْتُمْ ههُنَا كُلَّ النَّهَارِ بَطَّالِينَ؟6 And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle, and saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle?
7 قَالُوا لَهُ: لأَنَّهُ لَمْ يَسْتَأْجِرْنَا أَحَدٌ. قَالَ لَهُمُ: اذْهَبُوا أَنْتُمْ أَيْضًا إِلَى الْكَرْمِ فَتَأْخُذُوا مَا يَحِقُّ لَكُمْ.7 They say unto him, Because no man hath hired us. He saith unto them, Go ye also into the vineyard; and whatsoever is right, that shall ye receive.
8 فَلَمَّا كَانَ الْمَسَاءُ قَالَ صَاحِبُ الْكَرْمِ لِوَكِيلِهِ: ادْعُ الْفَعَلَةَ وَأَعْطِهِمُ الأُجْرَةَ مُبْتَدِئًا مِنَ الآخِرِينَ إِلَى الأَوَّلِينَ.8 So when even was come, the lord of the vineyard saith unto his steward, Call the labourers, and give them their hire, beginning from the last unto the first.
9 فَجَاءَ أَصْحَابُ السَّاعَةِ الْحَادِيَةَ عَشْرَةَ وَأَخَذُوا دِينَارًا دِينَارًا.9 And when they came that were hired about the eleventh hour, they received every man a penny.
10 فَلَمَّا جَاءَ الأَوَّلُونَ ظَنُّوا أَنَّهُمْ يَأْخُذُونَ أَكْثَرَ. فَأَخَذُوا هُمْ أَيْضًا دِينَارًا دِينَارًا.10 But when the first came, they supposed that they should have received more; and they likewise received every man a penny.
11 وَفِيمَا هُمْ يَأْخُذُونَ تَذَمَّرُوا عَلَى رَبِّ الْبَيْتِ11 And when they had received it, they murmured against the goodman of the house,
12 قَائِلِينَ: هؤُلاَءِ الآخِرُونَ عَمِلُوا سَاعَةً وَاحِدَةً، وَقَدْ سَاوَيْتَهُمْ بِنَا نَحْنُ الَّذِينَ احْتَمَلْنَا ثِقَلَ النَّهَارِ وَالْحَرَّ!12 Saying, These last have wrought but one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the burden and heat of the day.
13 فَأجَابَ وَقَالَ لِوَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمْ: يَا صَاحِبُ، مَا ظَلَمْتُكَ! أَمَا اتَّفَقْتَ مَعِي عَلَى دِينَارٍ؟13 But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst not thou agree with me for a penny?
14 فَخُذِ الَّذِي لَكَ وَاذْهَبْ، فَإِنِّي أُرِيدُ أَنْ أُعْطِيَ هذَا الأَخِيرَ مِثْلَكَ.14 Take that thine is, and go thy way: I will give unto this last, even as unto thee.
15 أَوَ مَا يَحِلُّ لِي أَنْ أَفْعَلَ مَا أُرِيدُ بِمَا لِي؟ أَمْ عَيْنُكَ شِرِّيرَةٌ لأَنِّي أَنَا صَالِحٌ؟15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good?
16 هكَذَا يَكُونُ الآخِرُونَ أَوَّلِينَ وَالأَوَّلُونَ آخِرِينَ، لأَنَّ كَثِيرِينَ يُدْعَوْنَ وَقَلِيلِينَ يُنْتَخَبُونَ».16 So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen.
17 وَفِيمَا كَانَ يَسُوعُ صَاعِدًا إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ أَخَذَ الاثْنَيْ عَشَرَ تِلْمِيذًا عَلَى انْفِرَادٍ فِي الطَّرِيقِ وَقَالَ لَهُمْ:17 And Jesus going up to Jerusalem took the twelve disciples apart in the way, and said unto them,
18 «هَا نَحْنُ صَاعِدُونَ إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ، وَابْنُ الإِنْسَانِ يُسَلَّمُ إِلَى رُؤَسَاءِ الْكَهَنَةِ وَالْكَتَبَةِ، فَيَحْكُمُونَ عَلَيْهِ بِالْمَوْتِ،18 Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn him to death,
19 وَيُسَلِّمُونَهُ إِلَى الأُمَمِ لِكَيْ يَهْزَأُوا بِهِ وَيَجْلِدُوهُ وَيَصْلِبُوهُ، وَفِي الْيَوْمِ الثَّالِثِ يَقُومُ».19 And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him: and the third day he shall rise again.
20 حِينَئِذٍ تَقَدَّمَتْ إِلَيْهِ أُمُّ ابْنَيْ زَبْدِي مَعَ ابْنَيْهَا، وَسَجَدَتْ وَطَلَبَتْ مِنْهُ شَيْئًا.20 Then came to him the mother of Zebedees children with her sons, worshipping him, and desiring a certain thing of him.
21 فَقَالَ لَهَا:«مَاذَا تُرِيدِينَ؟» قَالَتْ لَهُ:«قُلْ أَنْ يَجْلِسَ ابْنَايَ هذَانِ وَاحِدٌ عَنْ يَمِينِكَ وَالآخَرُ عَنِ الْيَسَارِ فِي مَلَكُوتِكَ».21 And he said unto her, What wilt thou? She saith unto him, Grant that these my two sons may sit, the one on thy right hand, and the other on the left, in thy kingdom.
22 فَأَجَابَ يَسُوعُ وَقَالَ:«لَسْتُمَا تَعْلَمَانِ مَا تَطْلُبَانِ. أَتَسْتَطِيعَانِ أَنْ تَشْرَبَا الْكَأْسَ الَّتِي سَوْفَ أَشْرَبُهَا أَنَا، وَأَنْ تَصْطَبِغَا بِالصِّبْغَةِ الَّتِي أَصْطَبغُ بِهَا أَنَا؟» قَالاَ لَهُ:«نَسْتَطِيعُ».22 But Jesus answered and said, Ye know not what ye ask. Are ye able to drink of the cup that I shall drink of, and to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with? They say unto him, We are able.
23 فَقَالَ لَهُمَا: «أَمَّا كَأْسِي فَتَشْرَبَانِهَا، وَبِالصِّبْغَةِ الَّتِي أَصْطَبِغُ بِهَا أَنَا تَصْطَبِغَانِ. وَأَمَّا الْجُلُوسُ عَنْ يَمِيني وَعَنْ يَسَارِي فَلَيْسَ لِي أَنْ أُعْطِيَهُ إِلاَّ لِلَّذِينَ أُعِدَّ لَهُمْ مِنْ أَبِي».23 And he saith unto them, Ye shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with: but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give, but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared of my Father.
24 فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ الْعَشَرَةُ اغْتَاظُوا مِنْ أَجْلِ الأَخَوَيْنِ.24 And when the ten heard it, they were moved with indignation against the two brethren.
25 فَدَعَاهُمْ يَسُوعُ وَقَالَ: «أَنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ رُؤَسَاءَ الأُمَمِ يَسُودُونَهُمْ، وَالْعُظَمَاءَ يَتَسَلَّطُونَ عَلَيْهِمْ.25 But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them.
26 فَلاَ يَكُونُ هكَذَا فِيكُمْ. بَلْ مَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يَكُونَ فِيكُمْ عَظِيمًا فَلْيَكُنْ لَكُمْ خَادِمًا،26 But it shall not be so among you: but whosoever will be great among you, let him be your minister;
27 وَمَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يَكُونَ فِيكُمْ أَوَّلاً فَلْيَكُنْ لَكُمْ عَبْدًا،27 And whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant:
28 كَمَا أَنَّ ابْنَ الإِنْسَانِ لَمْ يَأْتِ لِيُخْدَمَ بَلْ لِيَخْدِمَ، وَلِيَبْذِلَ نَفْسَهُ فِدْيَةً عَنْ كَثِيرِينَ».28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
29 وَفِيمَا هُمْ خَارِجُونَ مِنْ أَرِيحَا تَبِعَهُ جَمْعٌ كَثِيرٌ،29 And as they departed from Jericho, a great multitude followed him.
30 وَإِذَا أَعْمَيَانِ جَالِسَانِ عَلَى الطَّرِيقِ. فَلَمَّا سَمِعَا أَنَّ يَسُوعَ مُجْتَازٌ صَرَخَا قَائِلَيْنِ: «ارْحَمْنَا يَا سَيِّدُ، يَا ابْنَ دَاوُدَ!»30 And, behold, two blind men sitting by the way side, when they heard that Jesus passed by, cried out, saying, Have mercy on us, O Lord, thou son of David.
31 فَانْتَهَرَهُمَا الْجَمْعُ لِيَسْكُتَا، فَكَانَا يَصْرَخَانِ أَكْثَرَ قَائِلَيْنِ: «ارْحَمْنَا يَا سَيِّدُ، يَا ابْنَ دَاوُدَ!»31 And the multitude rebuked them, because they should hold their peace: but they cried the more, saying, Have mercy on us, O Lord, thou son of David.
32 فَوَقَفَ يَسُوعُ وَنَادَاهُمَا وَقَالَ:«مَاذَا تُرِيدَانِ أَنْ أَفْعَلَ بِكُمَا؟»32 And Jesus stood still, and called them, and said, What will ye that I shall do unto you?
33 قَالاَ لَهُ:«يَا سَيِّدُ، أَنْ تَنْفَتِحَ أَعْيُنُنَا!»33 They say unto him, Lord, that our eyes may be opened.
34 فَتَحَنَّنَ يَسُوعُ وَلَمَسَ أَعْيُنَهُمَا، فَلِلْوَقْتِ أَبْصَرَتْ أَعْيُنُهُمَا فَتَبِعَاهُ.34 So Jesus had compassion on them, and touched their eyes: and immediately their eyes received sight, and they followed him.