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تفسير Commentary
بنيامين بنكرتن
هنري أيرونسايد
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

متى [15] Matthew
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Chapter Summary
1 حِينَئِذٍ جَاءَ إِلَى يَسُوعَ كَتَبَةٌ وَفَرِّيسِيُّونَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ أُورُشَلِيمَ قَائِلِينَ:1 Then came to Jesus scribes and Pharisees, which were of Jerusalem, saying,
2 «لِمَاذَا يَتَعَدَّى تَلاَمِيذُكَ تَقْلِيدَ الشُّيُوخِ، فَإِنَّهُمْ لاَ يَغْسِلُونَ أَيْدِيَهُمْ حِينَمَا يَأْكُلُونَ خُبْزًا؟»2 Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread.
3 فَأَجَابَ وَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«وَأَنْتُمْ أَيْضًا، لِمَاذَا تَتَعَدَّوْنَ وَصِيَّةَ اللهِ بِسَبَب تَقْلِيدِكُمْ؟3 But he answered and said unto them, Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition?
4 فَإِنَّ اللهَ أَوْصَى قَائِلاً: أَكْرِمْ أَبَاكَ وَأُمَّكَ، وَمَنْ يَشْتِمْ أَبًا أَوْ أُمًّا فَلْيَمُتْ مَوْتًا.4 For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death.
5 وَأَمَّا أَنْتُمْ فَتَقُولُونَ: مَنْ قَالَ لأَبِيهِ أَوْ أُمِّهِ: قُرْبَانٌ هُوَ الَّذِي تَنْتَفِعُ بِهِ مِنِّي. فَلاَ يُكْرِمُ أَبَاهُ أَوْ أُمَّهُ.5 But ye say, Whosoever shall say to his father or his mother, It is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me;
6 فَقَدْ أَبْطَلْتُمْ وَصِيَّةَ اللهِ بِسَبَب تَقْلِيدِكُمْ!6 And honour not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition.
7 يَا مُرَاؤُونَ! حَسَنًا تَنَبَّأَ عَنْكُمْ إِشَعْيَاءُ قَائِلاً:7 Ye hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying,
8 يَقْتَرِبُ إِلَيَّ هذَا الشَّعْبُ بِفَمِهِ، وَيُكْرِمُني بِشَفَتَيْهِ، وَأَمَّا قَلْبُهُ فَمُبْتَعِدٌ عَنِّي بَعِيدًا.8 This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with their lips; but their heart is far from me.
9 وَبَاطِلاً يَعْبُدُونَني وَهُمْ يُعَلِّمُونَ تَعَالِيمَ هِيَ وَصَايَا النَّاسِ».9 But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.
10 ثُمَّ دَعَا الْجَمْعَ وَقَالَ لَهُمُ:«اسْمَعُوا وَافْهَمُوا.10 And he called the multitude, and said unto them, Hear, and understand:
11 لَيْسَ مَا يَدْخُلُ الْفَمَ يُنَجِّسُ الإِنْسَانَ، بَلْ مَا يَخْرُجُ مِنَ الْفَمِ هذَا يُنَجِّسُ الإِنْسَانَ».11 Not that which goeth into the mouth defileth a man; but that which cometh out of the mouth, this defileth a man.
12 حِينَئِذٍ تَقَدَّمَ تَلاَمِيذُهُ وَقَالُوالَهُ: «أَتَعْلَمُ أَنَّ الْفَرِّيسِيِّينَ لَمَّا سَمِعُوا الْقَوْلَ نَفَرُوا؟»12 Then came his disciples, and said unto him, Knowest thou that the Pharisees were offended, after they heard this saying?
13 فَأَجَابَ وَقَالَ:«كُلُّ غَرْسٍ لَمْ يَغْرِسْهُ أَبِي السَّمَاوِيُّ يُقْلَعُ.13 But he answered and said, Every plant, which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up.
14 اُتْرُكُوهُمْ. هُمْ عُمْيَانٌ قَادَةُ عُمْيَانٍ. وَإِنْ كَانَ أَعْمَى يَقُودُ أَعْمَى يَسْقُطَانِ كِلاَهُمَا فِي حُفْرَةٍ».14 Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.
15 فَأَِّجَابَ بُطْرُسُ وَقَالَ لَهُ: «فَسِّرْ لَنَا هذَا الْمَثَلَ».15 Then answered Peter and said unto him, Declare unto us this parable.
16 فَقَالَ يَسُوعُ:«هَلْ أَنْتُمْ أَيْضًا حَتَّى الآنَ غَيْرُ فَاهِمِينَ؟16 And Jesus said, Are ye also yet without understanding?
17 أَلاَ تَفْهَمُونَ بَعْدُ أَنَّ كُلَّ مَا يَدْخُلُ الْفَمَ يَمْضِي إِلَى الْجَوْفِ وَيَنْدَفِعُ إِلَى الْمَخْرَجِ؟17 Do not ye yet understand, that whatsoever entereth in at the mouth goeth into the belly, and is cast out into the draught?
18 وَأَمَّا مَا يَخْرُجُ مِنَ الْفَمِ فَمِنَ الْقَلْب يَصْدُرُ، وَذَاكَ يُنَجِّسُ الإِنْسَانَ،18 But those things which proceed out of the mouth come forth from the heart; and they defile the man.
19 لأَنْ مِنَ الْقَلْب تَخْرُجُ أَفْكَارٌ شِرِّيرَةٌ: قَتْلٌ، زِنىً، فِسْقٌ، سِرْقَةٌ، شَهَادَةُ زُورٍ، تَجْدِيفٌ.19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies:
20 هذِهِ هِيَ الَّتِي تُنَجِّسُ الإِنْسَانَ. وَأَمَّا الأَكْلُ بِأَيْدٍ غَيْرِ مَغْسُولَةٍ فَلاَ يُنَجِّسُ الإِنْسَانَ».20 These are the things which defile a man: but to eat with unwashen hands defileth not a man.
21 ثُمَّ خَرَجَ يَسُوعُ مِنْ هُنَاكَ وَانْصَرَفَ إِلَى نَوَاحِي صُورَ وَصَيْدَاءَ.21 Then Jesus went thence, and departed into the coasts of Tyre and Sidon.
22 وَإِذَا امْرَأَةٌ كَنْعَانِيَّةٌ خَارِجَةٌ مِنْ تِلْكَ التُّخُومِ صَرَخَتْ إِلَيْهِ قَائِلَةً:«ارْحَمْنِي، يَا سَيِّدُ، يَا ابْنَ دَاوُدَ! اِبْنَتِي مَجْنُونَةٌ جِدًّا».22 And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil.
23 فَلَمْ يُجِبْهَا بِكَلِمَةٍ. فَتَقَدَّمَ تَلاَمِيذُهُ وَطَلَبُوا إِلَيْهِ قَائِلِينَ:«اصْرِفْهَا، لأَنَّهَا تَصِيحُ وَرَاءَنَا!»23 But he answered her not a word. And his disciples came and besought him, saying, Send her away; for she crieth after us.
24 فَأَجَابَ وَقَالَ:«لَمْ أُرْسَلْ إِلاَّ إِلَى خِرَافِ بَيْتِ إِسْرَائِيلَ الضَّالَّةِ».24 But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
25 فَأَتَتْ وَسَجَدَتْ لَهُ قَائِلَةً:«يَا سَيِّدُ، أَعِنِّي!»25 Then came she and worshipped him, saying, Lord, help me.
26 فَأَجَابَ وَقَالَ:«لَيْسَ حَسَنًا أَنْ يُؤْخَذَ خُبْزُ الْبَنِينَ وَيُطْرَحَ لِلْكِلاَب».26 But he answered and said, It is not meet to take the children's bread, and to cast it to dogs.
27 فَقَالَتْ:«نَعَمْ، يَا سَيِّدُ! وَالْكِلاَبُ أَيْضًا تَأْكُلُ مِنَ الْفُتَاتِ الَّذِي يَسْقُطُ مِنْ مَائِدَةِ أَرْبَابِهَا!».27 And she said, Truth, Lord: yet the dogs eat of the crumbs which fall from their masters' table.
28 حِينَئِذٍ أَجَابَ يَسُوعُ وَقَالَ لَهَا: «يَا امْرَأَةُ، عَظِيمٌ إِيمَانُكِ! لِيَكُنْ لَكِ كَمَا تُرِيدِينَ». فَشُفِيَتِ ابْنَتُهَا مِنْ تِلْكَ السَّاعَةِ.28 Then Jesus answered and said unto her, O woman, great is thy faith: be it unto thee even as thou wilt. And her daughter was made whole from that very hour.
29 ثُمَّ انْتَقَلَ يَسُوعُ مِنْ هُنَاكَ وَجَاءَ إِلَى جَانِب بَحْرِ الْجَلِيلِ، وَصَعِدَ إِلَى الْجَبَلِ وَجَلَسَ هُنَاكَ.29 And Jesus departed from thence, and came nigh unto the sea of Galilee; and went up into a mountain, and sat down there.
30 فَجَاءَ إِلَيْهِ جُمُوعٌ كَثِيرَةٌ، مَعَهُمْ عُرْجٌ وَعُمْيٌ وَخُرْسٌ وَشُلٌّ وَآخَرُونَ كَثِيرُونَ، وَطَرَحُوهُمْ عِنْدَ قَدَمَيْ يَسُوعَ. فَشَفَاهُمْ30 And great multitudes came unto him, having with them those that were lame, blind, dumb, maimed, and many others, and cast them down at Jesus' feet; and he healed them:
31 حَتَّى تَعَجَّبَ الْجُمُوعُ إِذْ رَأَوْا الْخُرْسَ يَتَكَلَّمُونَ، وَالشُّلَّ يَصِحُّونَ، وَالْعُرْجَ يَمْشُونَ، وَالْعُمْيَ يُبْصِرُونَ. وَمَجَّدُوا إِلهَ إِسْرَائِيلَ.31 Insomuch that the multitude wondered, when they saw the dumb to speak, the maimed to be whole, the lame to walk, and the blind to see: and they glorified the God of Israel.
32 وَأَمَّا يَسُوعُ فَدَعَا تَلاَمِيذَهُ وَقَالَ:«إِنِّي أُشْفِقُ عَلَى الْجَمْعِ، لأَنَّ الآنَ لَهُمْ ثَلاَثَةَ أَيَّامٍ يَمْكُثُونَ مَعِي وَلَيْسَ لَهُمْ مَا يَأْكُلُونَ. وَلَسْتُ أُرِيدُ أَنْ أَصْرِفَهُمْ صَائِمِينَ لِئَلاَّ يُخَوِّرُوا فِي الطَّرِيقِ»32 Then Jesus called his disciples unto him, and said, I have compassion on the multitude, because they continue with me now three days, and have nothing to eat: and I will not send them away fasting, lest they faint in the way.
33 فَقَالَ لَهُ تَلاَمِيذُهُ:«مِنْ أَيْنَ لَنَا فِي الْبَرِّيَّةِ خُبْزٌ بِهذَا الْمِقْدَارِ، حَتَّى يُشْبِعَ جَمْعًا هذَا عَدَدُهُ؟»33 And his disciples say unto him, Whence should we have so much bread in the wilderness, as to fill so great a multitude?
34 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ يَسُوعُ:«كَمْ عِنْدَكُمْ مِنَ الْخُبْزِ؟» فَقَالُوا:«سَبْعَةٌ وَقَلِيلٌ مِنْ صِغَارِ السَّمَكِ».34 And Jesus saith unto them, How many loaves have ye? And they said, Seven, and a few little fishes.
35 فَأَمَرَ الْجُمُوعَ أَنْ يَتَّكِئُوا عَلَى الأَرْضِ،35 And he commanded the multitude to sit down on the ground.
36 وَأَخَذَ السَّبْعَ خُبْزَاتٍ وَالسَّمَكَ، وَشَكَرَ وَكَسَّرَ وَأَعْطَى تَلاَمِيذَهُ، وَالتَّلاَمِيذُ أَعْطَوُا الْجَمْعَ.36 And he took the seven loaves and the fishes, and gave thanks, and brake them, and gave to his disciples, and the disciples to the multitude.
37 فَأَكَلَ الْجَمِيعُ وَشَبِعُوا. ثُمَّ رَفَعُوا مَا فَضَلَ مِنَ الْكِسَرِ سَبْعَةَ سِلاَل مَمْلُوءَةٍ،37 And they did all eat, and were filled: and they took up of the broken meat that was left seven baskets full.
38 وَالآكِلُونَ كَانُوا أَرْبَعَةَ آلاَفِ رَجُل مَا عَدَا النِّسَاءَ وَالأَوْلاَدَ.38 And they that did eat were four thousand men, beside women and children.
39 ثُمَّ صَرَفَ الْجُمُوعَ وَصَعِدَ إِلَى السَّفِينَةِ وَجَاءَ إِلَى تُخُومِ مَجْدَلَ.39 And he sent away the multitude, and took ship, and came into the coasts of Magdala.