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تفسير Commentary
تشارلز ماكنتوش
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

اللاويين [10] Leviticus
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Chapter Summary
1 وَأَخَذَ ابْنَا هَارُونَ: نَادَابُ وَأَبِيهُو، كُلٌّ مِنْهُمَا مِجْمَرَتَهُ وَجَعَلاَ فِيهِمَا نَارًا وَوَضَعَا عَلَيْهَا بَخُورًا، وَقَرَّبَا أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ نَارًا غَرِيبَةً لَمْ يَأْمُرْهُمَا بِهَا.1 And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense thereon, and offered strange fire before the LORD, which he commanded them not.
2 فَخَرَجَتْ نَارٌ مِنْ عِنْدِ الرَّبِّ وَأَكَلَتْهُمَا، فَمَاتَا أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ.2 And there went out fire from the LORD, and devoured them, and they died before the LORD.
3 فَقَالَ مُوسَى لِهَارُونَ: «هذَا مَا تَكَلَّمَ بِهِ الرَّبُّ قَائِلاً: فِي الْقَرِيبِينَ مِنِّي أَتَقَدَّسُ، وَأَمَامَ جَمِيعِ الشَّعْبِ أَتَمَجَّدُ». فَصَمَتَ هَارُونُ.3 Then Moses said unto Aaron, This is it that the LORD spake, saying, I will be sanctified in them that come nigh me, and before all the people I will be glorified. And Aaron held his peace.
4 فَدَعَا مُوسَى مِيشَائِيلَ وَأَلْصَافَانَ ابْنَيْ عُزِّيئِيلَ عَمِّ هَارُونَ، وَقَالَ لَهُمَا: «تَقَدَّمَا ارْفَعَا أَخَوَيْكُمَا مِنْ قُدَّامِ الْقُدْسِ إِلَى خَارِجِ الْمَحَلَّةِ».4 And Moses called Mishael and Elzaphan, the sons of Uzziel the uncle of Aaron, and said unto them, Come near, carry your brethren from before the sanctuary out of the camp.
5 فَتَقَدَّمَا وَرَفَعَاهُمَا فِي قَمِيصَيْهِمَا إِلَى خَارِجِ الْمَحَلَّةِ، كَمَا قَالَ مُوسَى.5 So they went near, and carried them in their coats out of the camp; as Moses had said.
6 وَقَالَ مُوسَى لِهَارُونَ وَأَلِعَازَارَ وَإِيثَامَارَ ابْنَيْهِ: «لاَ تَكْشِفُوا رُؤُوسَكُمْ وَلاَ تَشُقُّوا ثِيَابَكُمْ لِئَلاَّ تَمُوتُوا، وَيُسْخَطَ عَلَى كُلِّ الْجَمَاعَةِ. وَأَمَّا إِخْوَتُكُمْ كُلُّ بَيْتِ إِسْرَائِيلَ فَيَبْكُونَ عَلَى الْحَرِيقِ الَّذِي أَحْرَقَهُ الرَّبُّ.6 And Moses said unto Aaron, and unto Eleazar and unto Ithamar, his sons, Uncover not your heads, neither rend your clothes; lest ye die, and lest wrath come upon all the people: but let your brethren, the whole house of Israel, bewail the burning which the LORD hath kindled.
7 وَمِنْ بَابِ خَيْمَةِ الاجْتِمَاعِ لاَ تَخْرُجُوا لِئَلاَّ تَمُوتُوا، لأَنَّ دُهْنَ مَسْحَةِ الرَّبِّ عَلَيْكُمْ». فَفَعَلُوا حَسَبَ كَلاَمِ مُوسَى.7 And ye shall not go out from the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, lest ye die: for the anointing oil of the LORD is upon you. And they did according to the word of Moses.
8 وَكَلَّمَ الرَّبُّ هَارُونَ قَائِلاً:8 And the LORD spake unto Aaron, saying,
9 «خَمْرًا وَمُسْكِرًا لاَ تَشْرَبْ أَنْتَ وَبَنُوكَ مَعَكَ عِنْدَ دُخُولِكُمْ إِلَى خَيْمَةِ الاجْتِمَاعِ لِكَيْ لاَ تَمُوتُوا. فَرْضًا دَهْرِيًّا فِي أَجْيَالِكُمْ9 Do not drink wine nor strong drink, thou, nor thy sons with thee, when ye go into the tabernacle of the congregation, lest ye die: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations:
10 وَلِلتَّمْيِيزِ بَيْنَ الْمُقَدَّسِ وَالْمُحَلَّلِ وَبَيْنَ النَّجِسِ وَالطَّاهِرِ،10 And that ye may put difference between holy and unholy, and between unclean and clean;
11 وَلِتَعْلِيمِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ جَمِيعَ الْفَرَائِضِ الَّتِي كَلَّمَهُمُ الرَّبُّ بِهَا بِيَدِ مُوسَى».11 And that ye may teach the children of Israel all the statutes which the LORD hath spoken unto them by the hand of Moses.
12 وَقَالَ مُوسَى لِهَارُونَ وَأَلِعَازَارَ وَإِيثَامَارَ ابْنَيْهِ الْبَاقِيَيْنِ: «خُذُوا التَّقْدِمَةَ الْبَاقِيَةَ مِنْ وَقَائِدِ الرَّبِّ وَكُلُوهَا فَطِيرًا بِجَانِبِ الْمَذْبَحِ لأَنَّهَا قُدْسُ أَقْدَاسٍ.12 And Moses spake unto Aaron, and unto Eleazar and unto Ithamar, his sons that were left, Take the meat offering that remaineth of the offerings of the LORD made by fire, and eat it without leaven beside the altar: for it is most holy:
13 كُلُوهَا فِي مَكَانٍ مُقَدَّسٍ لأَنَّهَا فَرِيضَتُكَ وَفَرِيضَةُ بَنِيكَ مِنْ وَقَائِدِ الرَّبِّ، فَإِنَّنِي هكَذَا أُمِرْتُ.13 And ye shall eat it in the holy place, because it is thy due, and thy sons' due, of the sacrifices of the LORD made by fire: for so I am commanded.
14 وَأَمَّا صَدْرُ التَّرْدِيدِ وَسَاقُ الرَّفِيعَةِ فَتَأْكُلُونَهُمَا فِي مَكَانٍ طَاهِرٍ أَنْتَ وَبَنُوكَ وَبَنَاتُكَ مَعَكَ، لأَنَّهُمَا جُعِلاَ فَرِيضَتَكَ وَفَرِيضَةَ بَنِيكَ مِنْ ذَبَائِحِ سَلاَمَةِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ.14 And the wave breast and heave shoulder shall ye eat in a clean place; thou, and thy sons, and thy daughters with thee: for they be thy due, and thy sons' due, which are given out of the sacrifices of peace offerings of the children of Israel.
15 سَاقُ الرَّفِيعَةِ وَصَدْرُ التَّرْدِيدِ يَأْتُونَ بِهِمَا مَعَ وَقَائِدِ الشَّحْمِ لِيُرَدَّدَا تَرْدِيدًا أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ، فَيَكُونَانِ لَكَ وَلِبَنِيكَ مَعَكَ فَرِيضَةً دَهْرِيَّةً، كَمَا أَمَرَ الرَّبُّ».15 The heave shoulder and the wave breast shall they bring with the offerings made by fire of the fat, to wave it for a wave offering before the LORD; and it shall be thine, and thy sons' with thee, by a statute for ever; as the LORD hath commanded.
16 وَأَمَّا تَيْسُ الْخَطِيَّةِ فَإِنَّ مُوسَى طَلَبَهُ فَإِذَا هُوَ قَدِ احْتَرَقَ. فَسَخِطَ عَلَى أَلِعَازَارَ وَإِيثَامَارَ، ابْنَيْ هَارُونَ الْبَاقِيَيْنِ، وَقَالَ:16 And Moses diligently sought the goat of the sin offering, and, behold, it was burnt: and he was angry with Eleazar and Ithamar, the sons of Aaron which were left alive, saying,
17 «مَا لَكُمَا لَمْ تَأْكُلاَ ذَبِيحَةَ الْخَطِيَّةِ فِي الْمَكَانِ الْمُقَدَّسِ؟ لأَنَّهَا قُدْسُ أَقْدَاسٍ، وَقَدْ أَعْطَاكُمَا إِيَّاهَا لِتَحْمِلاَ إِثْمَ الْجَمَاعَةِ تَكْفِيرًا عَنْهُمْ أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ.17 Wherefore have ye not eaten the sin offering in the holy place, seeing it is most holy, and God hath given it you to bear the iniquity of the congregation, to make atonement for them before the LORD?
18 إِنَّهُ لَمْ يُؤْتَ بِدَمِهَا إِلَى الْقُدْسِ دَاخِلاً. أَكْلاً تَأْكُلاَنِهَا فِي الْقُدْسِ كَمَا أَمَرْتُ».18 Behold, the blood of it was not brought in within the holy place: ye should indeed have eaten it in the holy place, as I commanded.
19 فَقَالَ هَارُونُ لِمُوسَى: «إِنَّهُمَا الْيَوْمَ قَدْ قَرَّبَا ذَبِيحَةَ خَطِيَّتِهِمَا وَمُحْرَقَتَهُمَا أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ، وَقَدْ أَصَابَنِي مِثْلُ هذِهِ. فَلَوْ أَكَلْتُ ذَبِيحَةَ الْخَطِيَّةِ الْيَوْمَ، هَلْ كَانَ يَحْسُنُ فِي عَيْنَيِ الرَّبِّ؟».19 And Aaron said unto Moses, Behold, this day have they offered their sin offering and their burnt offering before the LORD; and such things have befallen me: and if I had eaten the sin offering to day, should it have been accepted in the sight of the LORD?
20 فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ مُوسَى حَسُنَ فِي عَيْنَيْهِ.20 And when Moses heard that, he was content.