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تفسير Commentary
تشارلز ماكنتوش
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

الخروج [9] Exodus
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Chapter Summary
1 ثُمَّ قَالَ الرَّبُّ لِمُوسَى: «ادْخُلْ إِلَى فِرْعَوْنَ وَقُلْ لَهُ: هكَذَا يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ إِلهُ الْعِبْرَانِيِّينَ: أَطْلِقْ شَعْبِي لِيَعْبُدُونِي.1 Then the LORD said unto Moses, Go in unto Pharaoh, and tell him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me.
2 فَإِنَّهُ إِنْ كُنْتَ تَأْبَى أَنْ تُطْلِقَهُمْ وَكُنْتَ تُمْسِكُهُمْ بَعْدُ،2 For if thou refuse to let them go, and wilt hold them still,
3 فَهَا يَدُ الرَّبِّ تَكُونُ عَلَى مَوَاشِيكَ الَّتِي فِي الْحَقْلِ، عَلَى الْخَيْلِ وَالْحَمِيرِ وَالْجِمَالِ وَالْبَقَرِ وَالْغَنَمِ، وَبَأً ثَقِيلاً جِدًّا.3 Behold, the hand of the LORD is upon thy cattle which is in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, upon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon the sheep: there shall be a very grievous murrain.
4 وَيُمَيِّزُ الرَّبُّ بَيْنَ مَوَاشِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَمَوَاشِي الْمِصْرِيِّينَ. فَلاَ يَمُوتُ مِنْ كُلِّ مَا لِبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ شَيْءٌ».4 And the LORD shall sever between the cattle of Israel and the cattle of Egypt: and there shall nothing die of all that is the children's of Israel.
5 وَعَيَّنَ الرَّبُّ وَقْتًا قَائِلاً: «غَدًا يَفْعَلُ الرَّبُّ هذَا الأَمْرَ فِي الأَرْضِ».5 And the LORD appointed a set time, saying, To morrow the LORD shall do this thing in the land.
6 فَفَعَلَ الرَّبُّ هذَا الأَمْرَ فِي الْغَدِ. فَمَاتَتْ جَمِيعُ مَوَاشِي الْمِصْرِيِّينَ. وَأَمَّا مَوَاشِي بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ فَلَمْ يَمُتْ مِنْهَا وَاحِدٌ.6 And the LORD did that thing on the morrow, and all the cattle of Egypt died: but of the cattle of the children of Israel died not one.
7 وَأَرْسَلَ فِرْعَوْنُ وَإِذَا مَوَاشِي إِسْرَائِيلَ لَمْ يَمُتْ مِنْهَا وَلاَ وَاحِدٌ. وَلكِنْ غَلُظَ قَلْبُ فِرْعَوْنَ فَلَمْ يُطْلِقِ الشَّعْبَ.7 And Pharaoh sent, and, behold, there was not one of the cattle of the Israelites dead. And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he did not let the people go.
8 ثُمَّ قَالَ الرَّبُّ لِمُوسَى وَهَارُونَ: «خُذَا مِلْءَ أَيْدِيكُمَا مِنْ رَمَادِ الأَتُونِ، وَلْيُذَرِّهِ مُوسَى نَحْوَ السَّمَاءِ أَمَامَ عَيْنَيْ فِرْعَوْنَ،8 And the LORD said unto Moses and unto Aaron, Take to you handfuls of ashes of the furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it toward the heaven in the sight of Pharaoh.
9 لِيَصِيرَ غُبَارًا عَلَى كُلِّ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ. فَيَصِيرَ عَلَى النَّاسِ وَعَلَى الْبَهَائِمِ دَمَامِلَ طَالِعَةً بِبُثُورٍ فِي كُلِّ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ». 9 And it shall become small dust in all the land of Egypt, and shall be a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast, throughout all the land of Egypt.
10 فَأَخَذَا رَمَادَ الأَتُونِ وَوَقَفَا أَمَامَ فِرْعَوْنَ، وَذَرَّاهُ مُوسَى نَحْوَ السَّمَاءِ، فَصَارَ دَمَامِلَ بُثُورٍ طَالِعَةً فِي النَّاسِ وَفِي الْبَهَائِمِ.10 And they took ashes of the furnace, and stood before Pharaoh; and Moses sprinkled it up toward heaven; and it became a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast.
11 وَلَمْ يَسْتَطِعِ الْعَرَّافُونَ أَنْ يَقِفُوا أَمَامَ مُوسَى مِنْ أَجْلِ الدَّمَامِلِ، لأَنَّ الدَّمَامِلَ كَانَتْ فِي الْعَرَّافِينَ وَفِي كُلِّ الْمِصْرِيِّينَ.11 And the magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils; for the boil was upon the magicians, and upon all the Egyptians.
12 وَلكِنْ شَدَّدَ الرَّبُّ قَلْبَ فِرْعَوْنَ فَلَمْ يَسْمَعْ لَهُمَا، كَمَا كَلَّمَ الرَّبُّ مُوسَى.12 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had spoken unto Moses.
13 ثُمَّ قَالَ الرَّبُّ لِمُوسَى: «بَكِّرْ فِي الصَّبَاحِ وَقِفْ أَمَامَ فِرْعَوْنَ وَقُلْ لَهُ: هكَذَا يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ إِلهُ الْعِبْرَانِيِّينَ: أَطْلِقْ شَعْبِي لِيَعْبُدُونِي.13 And the LORD said unto Moses, Rise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me.
14 لأَنِّي هذِهِ الْمَرَّةَ أُرْسِلُ جَمِيعَ ضَرَبَاتِي إِلَى قَلْبِكَ وَعَلَى عَبِيدِكَ وَشَعْبِكَ، لِكَيْ تَعْرِفَ أَنْ لَيْسَ مِثْلِي فِي كُلِّ الأَرْضِ.14 For I will at this time send all my plagues upon thine heart, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people; that thou mayest know that there is none like me in all the earth.
15 فَإِنَّهُ الآنَ لَوْ كُنْتُ أَمُدُّ يَدِي وَأَضْرِبُكَ وَشَعْبَكَ بِالْوَبَإِ، لَكُنْتَ تُبَادُ مِنَ الأَرْضِ.15 For now I will stretch out my hand, that I may smite thee and thy people with pestilence; and thou shalt be cut off from the earth.
16 وَلكِنْ لأَجْلِ هذَا أَقَمْتُكَ، لِكَيْ أُرِيَكَ قُوَّتِي، وَلِكَيْ يُخْبَرَ بِاسْمِي فِي كُلِّ الأَرْضِ.16 And in very deed for this cause have I raised thee up, for to show in thee my power; and that my name may be declared throughout all the earth.
17 أَنْتَ مُعَانِدٌ بَعْدُ لِشَعْبِي حَتَّى لاَ تُطْلِقَهُ.17 As yet exaltest thou thyself against my people, that thou wilt not let them go?
18 هَا أَنَا غَدًا مِثْلَ الآنَ أُمْطِرُ بَرَدًا عَظِيمًا جِدًّا لَمْ يَكُنْ مِثْلُهُ فِي مِصْرَ مُنْذُ يَوْمِ تَأْسِيسِهَا إِلَى الآنَ.18 Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt since the foundation thereof even until now.
19 فَالآنَ أَرْسِلِ احْمِ مَوَاشِيَكَ وَكُلَّ مَا لَكَ فِي الْحَقْلِ. جَمِيعُ النَّاسِ وَالْبَهَائِمِ الَّذِينَ يُوجَدُونَ فِي الْحَقْلِ وَلاَ يُجْمَعُونَ إِلَى الْبُيُوتِ، يَنْزِلُ عَلَيْهِمِ الْبَرَدُ فَيَمُوتُونَ».19 Send therefore now, and gather thy cattle, and all that thou hast in the field; for upon every man and beast which shall be found in the field, and shall not be brought home, the hail shall come down upon them, and they shall die.
20 فَالَّذِي خَافَ كَلِمَةَ الرَّبِّ مِنْ عَبِيدِ فِرْعَوْنَ هَرَبَ بِعَبِيدِهِ وَمَوَاشِيهِ إِلَى الْبُيُوتِ.20 He that feared the word of the LORD among the servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his cattle flee into the houses:
21 وَأَمَّا الَّذِي لَمْ يُوَجِّهْ قَلْبَهُ إِلَى كَلِمَةِ الرَّبِّ فَتَرَكَ عَبِيدَهُ وَمَوَاشِيَهُ فِي الْحَقْلِ.21 And he that regarded not the word of the LORD left his servants and his cattle in the field.
22 ثُمَّ قَالَ الرَّبُّ لِمُوسَى: «مُدَّ يَدَكَ نَحْوَ السَّمَاءِ لِيَكُونَ بَرَدٌ فِي كُلِّ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ: عَلَى النَّاسِ وَعَلَى الْبَهَائِمِ وَعَلَى كُلِّ عُشْبِ الْحَقْلِ فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ».22 And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch forth thine hand toward heaven, that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt, upon man, and upon beast, and upon every herb of the field, throughout the land of Egypt.
23 فَمَدَّ مُوسَى عَصَاهُ نَحْوَ السَّمَاءِ، فَأَعْطَى الرَّبُّ رُعُودًا وَبَرَدًا، وَجَرَتْ نَارٌ عَلَى الأَرْضِ، وَأَمْطَرَ الرَّبُّ بَرَدًا عَلَى أَرْضِ مِصْرَ.23 And Moses stretched forth his rod toward heaven: and the LORD sent thunder and hail, and the fire ran along upon the ground; and the LORD rained hail upon the land of Egypt.
24 فَكَانَ بَرَدٌ، وَنَارٌ مُتَوَاصِلَةٌ فِي وَسَطِ الْبَرَدِ. شَيْءٌ عَظِيمٌ جِدًّا لَمْ يَكُنْ مِثْلُهُ فِي كُلِّ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ مُنْذُ صَارَتْ أُمَّةً.24 So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, very grievous, such as there was none like it in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation.
25 فَضَرَبَ الْبَرَدُ فِي كُلِّ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ جَمِيعَ مَا فِي الْحَقْلِ مِنَ النَّاسِ وَالْبَهَائِمِ. وَضَرَبَ الْبَرَدُ جَمِيعَ عُشْبِ الْحَقْلِ وَكَسَّرَ جَمِيعَ شَجَرِ الْحَقْلِ.25 And the hail smote throughout all the land of Egypt all that was in the field, both man and beast; and the hail smote every herb of the field, and brake every tree of the field.
26 إِلاَّ أَرْضَ جَاسَانَ حَيْثُ كَانَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ، فَلَمْ يَكُنْ فِيهَا بَرَدٌ.26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, was there no hail.
27 فَأَرْسَلَ فِرْعَوْنُ وَدَعَا مُوسَى وَهَارُونَ وَقَالَ لَهُمَا: «أَخْطَأْتُ هذِهِ الْمَرَّةَ. الرَّبُّ هُوَ الْبَارُّ وَأَنَا وَشَعْبِي الأَشْرَارُ.27 And Pharaoh sent, and called for Moses and Aaron, and said unto them, I have sinned this time: the LORD is righteous, and I and my people are wicked.
28 صَلِّيَا إِلَى الرَّبِّ، وَكَفَى حُدُوثُ رُعُودِ اللهِ وَالْبَرَدُ، فَأُطْلِقَكُمْ وَلاَ تَعُودُوا تَلْبَثُونَ».28 Entreat the LORD (for it is enough) that there be no more mighty thunderings and hail; and I will let you go, and ye shall stay no longer.
29 فَقَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى: «عِنْدَ خُرُوجِي مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ أَبْسِطُ يَدَيَّ إِلَى الرَّبِّ، فَتَنْقَطِعُ الرُّعُودُ وَلاَ يَكُونُ الْبَرَدُ أَيْضًا، لِكَيْ تَعْرِفَ أَنَّ لِلرَّبِّ الأَرْضَ.29 And Moses said unto him, As soon as I am gone out of the city, I will spread abroad my hands unto the LORD; and the thunder shall cease, neither shall there be any more hail; that thou mayest know how that the earth is the LORD's.
30 وَأَمَّا أَنْتَ وَعَبِيدُكَ فَأَنَا أَعْلَمُ أَنَّكُمْ لَمْ تَخْشَوْا بَعْدُ مِنَ الرَّبِّ الإِلهِ».30 But as for thee and thy servants, I know that ye will not yet fear the LORD God.
31 فَالْكَتَّانُ وَالشَّعِيرُ ضُرِبَا. لأَنَّ الشَّعِيرَ كَانَ مُسْبِلاً وَالْكَتَّانُ مُبْزِرًا. 31 And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley was in the ear, and the flax was bolled.
32 وَأَمَّا الْحِنْطَةُ وَالْقَطَانِيُّ فَلَمْ تُضْرَبْ لأَنَّهَا كَانَتْ مُتَأَخِّرَةً. 32 But the wheat and the rye were not smitten: for they were not grown up.
33 فَخَرَجَ مُوسَى مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ مِنْ لَدُنْ فِرْعَوْنَ وَبَسَطَ يَدَيْهِ إِلَى الرَّبِّ، فَانْقَطَعَتِ الرُّعُودُ وَالْبَرَدُ وَلَمْ يَنْصَبَّ الْمَطَرُ عَلَى الأَرْضِ.33 And Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands unto the LORD: and the thunders and hail ceased, and the rain was not poured upon the earth.
34 وَلكِنْ فِرْعَوْنُ لَمَّا رَأَى أَنَّ الْمَطَرَ وَالْبَرَدَ وَالرُّعُودَ انْقَطَعَتْ، عَادَ يُخْطِئُ وَأَغْلَظَ قَلْبَهُ هُوَ وَعَبِيدُهُ.34 And when Pharaoh saw that the rain and the hail and the thunders were ceased, he sinned yet more, and hardened his heart, he and his servants.
35 فَاشْتَدَّ قَلْبُ فِرْعَوْنَ فَلَمْ يُطْلِقْ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، كَمَا تَكَلَّمَ الرَّبُّ عَنْ يَدِ مُوسَى.35 And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, neither would he let the children of Israel go; as the LORD had spoken by Moses.
بثُور
مفردها بَشْرة: خُرّاج صغير.
دمامل
واحدتها دملة: خرّاج.
كتَّان
نبات تصنع من أليافه الأقمشة.
مُسبِل
حامل سنابل.
قَطَانيّ
الحبوب على أنواعها كالعدس والحمص والفول.