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تفسير Commentary
تشارلز ماكنتوش
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

الخروج [7] Exodus
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Chapter Summary
1 فَقَالَ الرَّبُّ لِمُوسَى: «انْظُرْ! أَنَا جَعَلْتُكَ إِلهًا لِفِرْعَوْنَ. وَهَارُونُ أَخُوكَ يَكُونُ نَبِيَّكَ.1 And the LORD said unto Moses, See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh: and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet.
2 أَنْتَ تَتَكَلَّمُ بِكُلِّ مَا آمُرُكَ، وَهَارُونُ أَخُوكَ يُكَلِّمُ فِرْعَوْنَ لِيُطْلِقَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ مِنْ أَرْضِهِ.2 Thou shalt speak all that I command thee: and Aaron thy brother shall speak unto Pharaoh, that he send the children of Israel out of his land.
3 وَلكِنِّي أُقَسِّي قَلْبَ فِرْعَوْنَ وَأُكَثِّرُ آيَاتِي وَعَجَائِبِي فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ.3 And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.
4 وَلاَ يَسْمَعُ لَكُمَا فِرْعَوْنُ حَتَّى أَجْعَلَ يَدِي عَلَى مِصْرَ، فَأُخْرِجَ أَجْنَادِي، شَعْبِي بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ مِنْ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ بِأَحْكَامٍ عَظِيمَةٍ.4 But Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you, that I may lay my hand upon Egypt, and bring forth mine armies, and my people the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt by great judgments.
5 فَيَعْرِفُ الْمِصْرِيُّونَ أَنِّي أَنَا الرَّبُّ حِينَمَا أَمُدُّ يَدِي عَلَى مِصْرَ وَأُخْرِجُ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ مِنْ بَيْنِهِمْ».5 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I stretch forth mine hand upon Egypt, and bring out the children of Israel from among them.
6 فَفَعَلَ مُوسَى وَهَارُونُ كَمَا أَمَرَهُمَا الرَّبُّ. هكَذَا فَعَلاَ.6 And Moses and Aaron did as the LORD commanded them, so did they.
7 وَكَانَ مُوسَى ابْنَ ثَمَانِينَ سَنَةً، وَهَارُونُ ابْنَ ثَلاَثٍ وَثَمَانِينَ سَنَةً حِينَ كَلَّمَا فِرْعَوْنَ.7 And Moses was fourscore years old, and Aaron fourscore and three years old, when they spake unto Pharaoh.
8 وَكَلَّمَ الرَّبُّ مُوسَى وَهَارُونَ قَائِلاً:8 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying,
9 «إِذَا كَلَّمَكُمَا فِرْعَوْنُ قَائِلاً: هَاتِيَا عَجِيبَةً، تَقُولُ لِهَارُونَ: خُذْ عَصَاكَ وَاطْرَحْهَا أَمَامَ فِرْعَوْنَ فَتَصِيرَ ثُعْبَانًا».9 When Pharaoh shall speak unto you, saying, Show a miracle for you: then thou shalt say unto Aaron, Take thy rod, and cast it before Pharaoh, and it shall become a serpent.
10 فَدَخَلَ مُوسَى وَهَارُونُ إِلَى فِرْعَوْنَ وَفَعَلاَ هكَذَا كَمَا أَمَرَ الرَّبُّ. طَرَحَ هَارُونُ عَصَاهُ أَمَامَ فِرْعَوْنَ وَأَمَامَ عَبِيدِهِ فَصَارَتْ ثُعْبَانًا.10 And Moses and Aaron went in unto Pharaoh, and they did so as the LORD had commanded: and Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh, and before his servants, and it became a serpent.
11 فَدَعَا فِرْعَوْنُ أَيْضًا الْحُكَمَاءَ وَالسَّحَرَةَ، فَفَعَلَ عَرَّافُو مِصْرَ أَيْضًا بِسِحْرِهِمْ كَذلِكَ. 11 Then Pharaoh also called the wise men and the sorcerers: now the magicians of Egypt, they also did in like manner with their enchantments.
12 طَرَحُوا كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ عَصَاهُ فَصَارَتِ الْعِصِيُّ ثَعَابِينَ. وَلكِنْ عَصَا هَارُونَ ابْتَلَعَتْ عِصِيَّهُمْ.12 For they cast down every man his rod, and they became serpents: but Aaron's rod swallowed up their rods.
13 فَاشْتَدَّ قَلْبُ فِرْعَوْنَ فَلَمْ يَسْمَعْ لَهُمَا، كَمَا تَكَلَّمَ الرَّبُّ.13 And he hardened Pharaoh's heart, that he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.
14 ثُمَّ قَالَ الرَّبُّ لِمُوسَى: «قَلْبُ فِرْعَوْنَ غَلِيظٌ. قَدْ أَبَى أَنْ يُطْلِقَ الشَّعْبَ.14 And the LORD said unto Moses, Pharaoh's heart is hardened, he refuseth to let the people go.
15 اِذْهَبْ إِلَى فِرْعَوْنَ فِي الصَّبَاحِ. إِنَّهُ يَخْرُجُ إِلَى الْمَاءِ، وَقِفْ لِلِقَائِهِ عَلَى حَافَةِ النَّهْرِ. وَالْعَصَا الَّتِي تَحَوَّلَتْ حَيَّةً تَأْخُذُهَا فِي يَدِكَ.15 Get thee unto Pharaoh in the morning; lo, he goeth out unto the water; and thou shalt stand by the river's brink against he come; and the rod which was turned to a serpent shalt thou take in thine hand.
16 وَتَقُولُ لَهُ: الرَّبُّ إِلهُ الْعِبْرَانِيِّينَ أَرْسَلَنِي إِلَيْكَ قَائِلاً: أَطْلِقْ شَعْبِي لِيَعْبُدُونِي فِي الْبَرِّيَّةِ. وَهُوَذَا حَتَّى الآنَ لَمْ تَسْمَعْ.16 And thou shalt say unto him, The LORD God of the Hebrews hath sent me unto thee, saying, Let my people go, that they may serve me in the wilderness: and, behold, hitherto thou wouldest not hear.
17 هكَذَا يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ: بِهذَا تَعْرِفُ أَنِّي أَنَا الرَّبُّ: هَا أَنَا أَضْرِبُ بِالْعَصَا الَّتِي فِي يَدِي عَلَى الْمَاءِ الَّذِي فِي النَّهْرِ فَيَتَحَوَّلُ دَمًا.17 Thus saith the LORD, In this thou shalt know that I am the LORD: behold, I will smite with the rod that is in mine hand upon the waters which are in the river, and they shall be turned to blood.
18 وَيَمُوتُ السَّمَكُ الَّذِي فِي النَّهْرِ وَيَنْتِنُ النَّهْرُ. فَيَعَافُ الْمِصْرِيُّونَ أَنْ يَشْرَبُوا مَاءً مِنَ النَّهْرِ». 18 And the fish that is in the river shall die, and the river shall stink; and the Egyptians shall loathe to drink of the water of the river.
19 ثُمَّ قَالَ الرَّبُّ لِمُوسَى: «قُلْ لِهَارُونَ: خُذْ عَصَاكَ وَمُدَّ يَدَكَ عَلَى مِيَاهِ الْمِصْرِيِّينَ، عَلَى أَنْهَارِهِمْ وَعَلَى سَوَاقِيهِمْ، وَعَلَى آجَامِهِمْ، وَعَلَى كُلِّ مُجْتَمَعَاتِ مِيَاهِهِمْ لِتَصِيرَ دَمًا. فَيَكُونَ دَمٌ فِي كُلِّ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ فِي الأَخْشَابِ وَفِي الأَحْجَارِ». 19 And the LORD spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Take thy rod, and stretch out thine hand upon the waters of Egypt, upon their streams, upon their rivers, and upon their ponds, and upon all their pools of water, that they may become blood; and that there may be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of wood, and in vessels of stone.
20 فَفَعَلَ هكَذَا مُوسَى وَهَارُونُ كَمَا أَمَرَ الرَّبُّ. رَفَعَ الْعَصَا وَضَرَبَ الْمَاءَ الَّذِي فِي النَّهْرِ أَمَامَ عَيْنَيْ فِرْعَوْنَ وَأَمَامَ عُيُونِ عَبِيدِهِ، فَتَحَوَّلَ كُلُّ الْمَاءِ الَّذِي فِي النَّهْرِ دَمًا.20 And Moses and Aaron did so, as the LORD commanded; and he lifted up the rod, and smote the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh, and in the sight of his servants; and all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood.
21 وَمَاتَ السَّمَكُ الَّذِي فِي النَّهْرِ وَأَنْتَنَ النَّهْرُ، فَلَمْ يَقْدِرِ الْمِصْرِيُّونَ أَنْ يَشْرَبُوا مَاءً مِنَ النَّهْرِ. وَكَانَ الدَّمُ فِي كُلِّ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ.21 And the fish that was in the river died; and the river stank, and the Egyptians could not drink of the water of the river; and there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt.
22 وَفَعَلَ عَرَّافُو مِصْرَ كَذلِكَ بِسِحْرِهِمْ. فَاشْتَدَّ قَلْبُ فِرْعَوْنَ فَلَمْ يَسْمَعْ لَهُمَا، كَمَا تَكَلَّمَ الرَّبُّ.22 And the magicians of Egypt did so with their enchantments: and Pharaoh's heart was hardened, neither did he hearken unto them; as the LORD had said.
23 ثُمَّ انْصَرَفَ فِرْعَوْنُ وَدَخَلَ بَيْتَهُ وَلَمْ يُوَجِّهْ قَلْبَهُ إِلَى هذَا أَيْضًا.23 And Pharaoh turned and went into his house, neither did he set his heart to this also.
24 وَحَفَرَ جَمِيعُ الْمِصْرِيِّينَ حَوَالَيِ النَّهْرِ لأَجْلِ مَاءٍ لِيَشْرَبُوا، لأَنَّهُمْ لَمْ يَقْدِرُوا أَنْ يَشْرَبُوا مِنْ مَاءِ النَّهْرِ.24 And all the Egyptians digged round about the river for water to drink; for they could not drink of the water of the river.
25 وَلَمَّا كَمُلَتْ سَبْعَةُ أَيَّامٍ بَعْدَ مَا ضَرَبَ الرَّبُّ النَّهْرَ25 And seven days were fulfilled, after that the LORD had smitten the river.
عرّاف
من يتعاطى العرافة، مُنَجِّم، ساحر، المخبر عن الماضي والمستقبل.
يعاف
يكره، يترك.
آجام
مفردها أجمة: مكان اجتماع المياه. بركة.