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تفسير Commentary
تشارلز ماكنتوش
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

الخروج [2] Exodus
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Chapter Summary
1 وَذَهَبَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَيْتِ لاَوِي وَأَخَذَ بِنْتَ لاَوِي،1 And there went a man of the house of Levi, and took to wife a daughter of Levi.
2 فَحَبِلَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ وَوَلَدَتِ ابْنًا. وَلَمَّا رَأَتْهُ أَنَّهُ حَسَنٌ، خَبَّأَتْهُ ثَلاَثَةَ أَشْهُرٍ.2 And the woman conceived, and bare a son: and when she saw him that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months.
3 وَلَمَّا لَمْ يُمْكِنْهَا أَنْ تُخَبِّئَهُ بَعْدُ، أَخَذَتْ لَهُ سَفَطًا مِنَ الْبَرْدِيِّ وَطَلَتْهُ بِالْحُمَرِ وَالزِّفْتِ، وَوَضَعَتِ الْوَلَدَ فِيهِ، وَوَضَعَتْهُ بَيْنَ الْحَلْفَاءِ عَلَى حَافَةِ النَّهْرِ. 3 And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid it in the flags by the river's brink.
4 وَوَقَفَتْ أُخْتُهُ مِنْ بَعِيدٍ لِتَعْرِفَ مَاذَا يُفْعَلُ بِهِ.4 And his sister stood afar off, to wit what would be done to him.
5 فَنَزَلَتِ ابْنَةُ فِرْعَوْنَ إِلَى النَّهْرِ لِتَغْتَسِلَ، وَكَانَتْ جَوَارِيهَا مَاشِيَاتٍ عَلَى جَانِبِ النَّهْرِ. فَرَأَتِ السَّفَطَ بَيْنَ الْحَلْفَاءِ، فَأَرْسَلَتْ أَمَتَهَا وَأَخَذَتْهُ.5 And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash herself at the river; and her maidens walked along by the river's side; and when she saw the ark among the flags, she sent her maid to fetch it.
6 وَلَمَّا فَتَحَتْهُ رَأَتِ الْوَلَدَ، وَإِذَا هُوَ صَبِيٌّ يَبْكِي. فَرَقَّتْ لَهُ وَقَالَتْ: «هذَا مِنْ أَوْلاَدِ الْعِبْرَانِيِّينَ».6 And when she had opened it, she saw the child: and, behold, the babe wept. And she had compassion on him, and said, This is one of the Hebrews' children.
7 فَقَالَتْ أُخْتُهُ لابْنَةِ فِرْعَوْنَ: «هَلْ أَذْهَبُ وَأَدْعُو لَكِ امْرَأَةً مُرْضِعَةً مِنَ الْعِبْرَانِيَّاتِ لِتُرْضِعَ لَكِ الْوَلَدَ؟»7 Then said his sister to Pharaoh's daughter, Shall I go and call to thee a nurse of the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for thee?
8 فَقَالَتْ لَهَا ابْنَةُ فِرْعَوْنَ: «اذْهَبِي». فَذَهَبَتِ الْفَتَاةُ وَدَعَتْ أُمَّ الْوَلَدِ.8 And Pharaoh's daughter said to her, Go. And the maid went and called the child's mother.
9 فَقَالَتْ لَهَا ابْنَةُ فِرْعَوْنَ: «اذْهَبِي بِهذَا الْوَلَدِ وَأَرْضِعِيهِ لِي وَأَنَا أُعْطِي أُجْرَتَكِ». فَأَخَذَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ الْوَلَدَ وَأَرْضَعَتْهُ.9 And Pharaoh's daughter said unto her, Take this child away, and nurse it for me, and I will give thee thy wages. And the women took the child, and nursed it.
10 وَلَمَّا كَبِرَ الْوَلَدُ جَاءَتْ بِهِ إِلَى ابْنَةِ فِرْعَوْنَ فَصَارَ لَهَا ابْنًا، وَدَعَتِ اسْمَهُ «مُوسَى» وَقَالَتْ: «إِنِّي انْتَشَلْتُهُ مِنَ الْمَاءِ».10 And the child grew, and she brought him unto Pharaoh's daughter, and he became her son. And she called his name Moses: and she said, Because I drew him out of the water.
11 وَحَدَثَ فِي تِلْكَ الأَيَّامِ لَمَّا كَبِرَ مُوسَى أَنَّهُ خَرَجَ إِلَى إِخْوَتِهِ لِيَنْظُرَ فِي أَثْقَالِهِمْ، فَرَأَى رَجُلاً مِصْرِيًّا يَضْرِبُ رَجُلاً عِبْرَانِيًّا مِنْ إِخْوَتِهِ،11 And it came to pass in those days, when Moses was grown, that he went out unto his brethren, and looked on their burdens: and he spied an Egyptian smiting an Hebrew, one of his brethren.
12 فَالْتَفَتَ إِلَى هُنَا وَهُنَاكَ وَرَأَى أَنْ لَيْسَ أَحَدٌ، فَقَتَلَ الْمِصْرِيَّ وَطَمَرَهُ فِي الرَّمْلِ.12 And he looked this way and that way, and when he saw that there was no man, he slew the Egyptian, and hid him in the sand.
13 ثُمَّ خَرَجَ فِي الْيَوْمِ الثَّانِي وَإِذَا رَجُلاَنِ عِبْرَانِيَّانِ يَتَخَاصَمَانِ، فَقَالَ لِلْمُذْنِبِ: «لِمَاذَا تَضْرِبُ صَاحِبَكَ؟»13 And when he went out the second day, behold, two men of the Hebrews strove together: and he said to him that did the wrong, Wherefore smitest thou thy fellow?
14 فَقَالَ: «مَنْ جَعَلَكَ رَئِيسًا وَقَاضِيًا عَلَيْنَا؟ أَمُفْتَكِرٌ أَنْتَ بِقَتْلِي كَمَا قَتَلْتَ الْمِصْرِيَّ؟». فَخَافَ مُوسَى وَقَالَ: «حَقًّا قَدْ عُرِفَ الأَمْرُ».14 And he said, Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? intendest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian? And Moses feared, and said, Surely this thing is known.
15 فَسَمِعَ فِرْعَوْنُ هذَا الأَمْرَ، فَطَلَبَ أَنْ يَقْتُلَ مُوسَى. فَهَرَبَ مُوسَى مِنْ وَجْهِ فِرْعَوْنَ وَسَكَنَ فِي أَرْضِ مِدْيَانَ، وَجَلَسَ عِنْدَ الْبِئْرِ.15 Now when Pharaoh heard this thing, he sought to slay Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian: and he sat down by a well.
16 وَكَانَ لِكَاهِنِ مِدْيَانَ سَبْعُ بَنَاتٍ، فَأَتَيْنَ وَاسْتَقَيْنَ وَمَلأْنَ الأَجْرَانَ لِيَسْقِينَ غَنَمَ أَبِيهِنَّ.16 Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.
17 فَأَتَى الرُّعَاةُ وَطَرَدُوهُنَّ. فَنَهَضَ مُوسَى وَأَنْجَدَهُنَّ وَسَقَى غَنَمَهُنَّ.17 And the shepherds came and drove them away: but Moses stood up and helped them, and watered their flock.
18 فَلَمَّا أَتَيْنَ إِلَى رَعُوئِيلَ أَبِيهِنَّ قَالَ: «مَا بَالُكُنَّ أَسْرَعْتُنَّ فِي الْمَجِيءِ الْيَوْمَ؟»18 And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, How is it that ye are come so soon to day?
19 فَقُلْنَ: «رَجُلٌ مِصْرِيٌّ أَنْقَذَنَا مِنْ أَيْدِي الرُّعَاةِ، وَإِنَّهُ اسْتَقَى لَنَا أَيْضًا وَسَقَى الْغَنَمَ».19 And they said, An Egyptian delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds, and also drew water enough for us, and watered the flock.
20 فَقَالَ لِبَنَاتِهِ: «وَأَيْنَ هُوَ؟ لِمَاذَا تَرَكْتُنَّ الرَّجُلَ؟ ادْعُونَهُ لِيَأْكُلَ طَعَامًا».20 And he said unto his daughters, And where is he? why is it that ye have left the man? call him, that he may eat bread.
21 فَارْتَضَى مُوسَى أَنْ يَسْكُنَ مَعَ الرَّجُلِ، فَأَعْطَى مُوسَى صَفُّورَةَ ابْنَتَهُ.21 And Moses was content to dwell with the man: and he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter.
22 فَوَلَدَتِ ابْنًا فَدَعَا اسْمَهُ «جَرْشُومَ»، لأَنَّهُ قَالَ: «كُنْتُ نَزِيلاً فِي أَرْضٍ غَرِيبَةٍ».22 And she bare him a son, and he called his name Gershom: for he said, I have been a stranger in a strange land.
23 وَحَدَثَ فِي تِلْكَ الأَيَّامِ الْكَثِيرَةِ أَنَّ مَلِكَ مِصْرَ مَاتَ. وَتَنَهَّدَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ مِنَ الْعُبُودِيَّةِ وَصَرَخُوا، فَصَعِدَ صُرَاخُهُمْ إِلَى اللهِ مِنْ أَجْلِ الْعُبُودِيَّةِ.23 And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage.
24 فَسَمِعَ اللهُ أَنِينَهُمْ، فَتَذَكَّرَ اللهُ مِيثَاقَهُ مَعَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ.24 And God heard their groaning, and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.
25 وَنَظَرَ اللهُ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَعَلِمَ اللهُ.25 And God looked upon the children of Israel, and God had respect unto them.
الحَلْفاء
نبات يشبه القصب والخيزران ينبت عند أطراف المياه. يُصنع منه الحبال والورق والسلال والحصر.
بَرْدِيّ
نبات كالقصب يعيش في الماء كانت تصنع منه صحائف للكتابة.
سَفْط
وعاء كالقفة أو السلة.