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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد

أخبار الأيام الأول [17] 1Chronicles
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1 وَكَانَ لَمَّا سَكَنَ دَاوُدُ فِي بَيْتِهِ، قَالَ دَاوُدُ لِنَاثَانَ النَّبِيِّ: «هأَنَذَا سَاكِنٌ فِي بَيْتٍ مِنْ أَرْزٍ، وَتَابُوتُ عَهْدِ الرَّبِّ تَحْتَ شُقَق!»1 Now it came to pass, as David sat in his house, that David said to Nathan the prophet, Lo, I dwell in an house of cedars, but the ark of the covenant of the LORD remaineth under curtains.
2 فَقَالَ نَاثَانُ لِدَاوُدَ: «افْعَلْ كُلَّ مَا فِي قَلْبِكَ لأَنَّ اللهَ مَعَكَ».2 Then Nathan said unto David, Do all that is in thine heart; for God is with thee.
3 وَفِي تِلْكَ اللَّيْلَةِ كَانَ كَلاَمُ اللهِ إِلَى نَاثَانَ قَائِلاً:3 And it came to pass the same night, that the word of God came to Nathan, saying,
4 «اذْهَبْ وَقُلْ لِدَاوُدَ عَبْدِي: هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ: أَنْتَ لاَ تَبْنِي لِي بَيْتًا لِلسُّكْنَى،4 Go and tell David my servant, Thus saith the LORD, Thou shalt not build me an house to dwell in:
5 لأَنِّي لَمْ أَسْكُنْ فِي بَيْتٍ مُنْذُ يَوْمِ أَصْعَدْتُ إِسْرَائِيلَ إِلَى هذَا الْيَوْمِ، بَلْ سِرْتُ مِنْ خَيْمَةٍ إِلَى خَيْمَةٍ، وَمِنْ مَسْكَنٍ إِلَى مَسْكَنٍ.5 For I have not dwelt in an house since the day that I brought up Israel unto this day; but have gone from tent to tent, and from one tabernacle to another.
6 فِي كُلِّ مَا سِرْتُ مَعَ جَمِيعِ إِسْرَائِيلَ، هَلْ تَكَلَّمْتُ بِكَلِمَةٍ مَعَ أَحَدِ قُضَاةِ إِسْرَائِيلَ الَّذِينَ أَمَرْتُهُمْ أَنْ يَرْعَوْا شَعْبِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَائِلاً: لِمَاذَا لَمْ تَبْنُوا لِي بَيْتًا مِنْ أَرْزٍ؟6 Wheresoever I have walked with all Israel, spake I a word to any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people, saying, Why have ye not built me an house of cedars?
7 وَالآنَ فَهكَذَا تَقُولُ لِعَبْدِي دَاوُدَ: هكَذَا قَالَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ: أَنَا أَخَذْتُكَ مِنَ الْمَرْبَضِ، مِنْ وَرَاءِ الْغَنَمِ لِتَكُونَ رَئِيسًا عَلَى شَعْبِي إِسْرَائِيلَ،7 Now therefore thus shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, even from following the sheep, that thou shouldest be ruler over my people Israel:
8 وَكُنْتُ مَعَكَ حَيْثُمَا تَوَجَّهْتَ، وَقَرَضْتُ جَمِيعَ أَعْدَائِكَ مِنْ أَمَامِكَ، وَعَمِلْتُ لَكَ اسْمًا كَاسْمِ الْعُظَمَاءِ الَّذِينَ فِي الأَرْضِ.8 And I have been with thee whithersoever thou hast walked, and have cut off all thine enemies from before thee, and have made thee a name like the name of the great men that are in the earth.
9 وَعَيَّنْتُ مَكَانًا لِشَعْبِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَغَرَسْتُهُ فَسَكَنَ فِي مَكَانِهِ، وَلاَ يَضْطَرِبُ بَعْدُ، وَلاَ يَعُودُ بَنُو الإِثْمِ يَبْلُونَهُ كَمَا فِي الأَوَّلِ،9 Also I will ordain a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, and they shall dwell in their place, and shall be moved no more; neither shall the children of wickedness waste them any more, as at the beginning,
10 وَمُنْذُ الأَيَّامِ الَّتِي فِيهَا أَقَمْتُ قُضَاةً عَلَى شَعْبِي إِسْرَائِيلَ. وَأَذْلَلْتُ جَمِيعَ أَعْدَائِكَ. وَأُخْبِرُكَ أَنَّ الرَّبَّ يَبْنِي لَكَ بَيْتًا.10 And since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel. Moreover I will subdue all thine enemies. Furthermore I tell thee that the LORD will build thee an house.
11 وَيَكُونُ مَتَى كَمَلَتْ أَيَّامُكَ لِتَذْهَبَ مَعَ آبَائِكَ، أَنِّي أُقِيمُ بَعْدَكَ نَسْلَكَ الَّذِي يَكُونُ مِنْ بَنِيكَ وَأُثَبِّتُ مَمْلَكَتَهُ.11 And it shall come to pass, when thy days be expired that thou must go to be with thy fathers, that I will raise up thy seed after thee, which shall be of thy sons; and I will establish his kingdom.
12 هُوَ يَبْنِي لِي بَيْتًا وَأَنَا أُثَبِّتُ كُرْسِيَّهُ إِلَى الأَبَدِ.12 He shall build me an house, and I will stablish his throne for ever.
13 أَنَا أَكُونُ لَهُ أَبًا وَهُوَ يَكُونُ لِيَ ابْنًا، وَلاَ أَنْزِعُ رَحْمَتِي عَنْهُ كَمَا نَزَعْتُهَا عَنِ الَّذِي كَانَ قَبْلَكَ.13 I will be his father, and he shall be my son: and I will not take my mercy away from him, as I took it from him that was before thee:
14 وَأُقِيمُهُ فِي بَيْتِي وَمَلَكُوتِي إِلَى الأَبَدِ، وَيَكُونُ كُرْسِيُّهُ ثَابِتًا إِلَى الأَبَدِ».14 But I will settle him in mine house and in my kingdom for ever: and his throne shall be established for evermore.
15 فَحَسَبَ جَمِيعِ هذَا الْكَلاَمِ وَحَسَبَ كُلِّ هذِهِ الرُّؤْيَا كَذلِكَ كَلَّمَ نَاثَانُ دَاوُدَ.15 According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.
16 فَدَخَلَ الْمَلِكُ دَاوُدُ وَجَلَسَ أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ وَقَالَ: «مَنْ أَنَا أَيُّهَا الرَّبُّ الإِلهُ، وَمَاذَا بَيْتِي حَتَّى أَوْصَلْتَنِي إِلَى هُنَا؟16 And David the king came and sat before the LORD, and said, Who am I, O LORD God, and what is mine house, that thou hast brought me hitherto?
17 وَقَلَّ هذَا فِي عَيْنَيْكَ يَا اَللهُ فَتَكَلَّمْتَ عَنْ بَيْتِ عَبْدِكَ إِلَى زَمَانٍ طَوِيل، وَنَظَرْتَ إِلَيَّ مِنَ الْعَلاَءِ كَعَادَةِ الإِنْسَانِ أَيُّهَا الرَّبُّ الإِلهُ.17 And yet this was a small thing in thine eyes, O God; for thou hast also spoken of thy servant's house for a great while to come, and hast regarded me according to the estate of a man of high degree, O LORD God.
18 فَمَاذَا يَزِيدُ دَاوُدُ بَعْدُ لَكَ لأَجْلِ إِكْرَامِ عَبْدِكَ وَأَنْتَ قَدْ عَرَفْتَ عَبْدَكَ؟18 What can David speak more to thee for the honor of thy servant? for thou knowest thy servant.
19 يَا رَبُّ، مِنْ أَجْلِ عَبْدِكَ وَحَسَبَ قَلْبِكَ قَدْ فَعَلْتَ كُلَّ هذِهِ الْعَظَائِمِ، لِتَظْهَرَ جَمِيعُ الْعَظَائِمِ19 O LORD, for thy servant's sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all this greatness, in making known all these great things.
20 يَا رَبُّ، لَيْسَ مِثْلُكَ وَلاَ إِلهَ غَيْرُكَ حَسَبَ كُلِّ مَا سَمِعْنَاهُ بِآذَانِنَا.20 O LORD, there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears.
21 وَأَيَّةُ أُمَّةٍ عَلَى الأَرْضِ مِثْلُ شَعْبِكَ إِسْرَائِيلَ الَّذِي سَارَ اللهُ لِيَفْتَدِيَهُ لِنَفْسِهِ شَعْبًا، لِتَجْعَلَ لَكَ اسْمَ عَظَائِمَ وَمَخَاوِفَ بِطَرْدِكَ أُمَمًا مِنْ أَمَامِ شَعْبِكَ الَّذِي افْتَدَيْتَهُ مِنْ مِصْرَ.21 And what one nation in the earth is like thy people Israel, whom God went to redeem to be his own people, to make thee a name of greatness and terribleness, by driving out nations from before thy people whom thou hast redeemed out of Egypt?
22 وَقَدْ جَعَلْتَ شَعْبَكَ إِسْرَائِيلَ لِنَفْسِكَ شَعْبًا إِلَى الأَبَدِ، وَأَنْتَ أَيُّهَا الرَّبُّ صِرْتَ لَهُمْ إِلهًا.22 For thy people Israel didst thou make thine own people for ever; and thou, LORD, becamest their God.
23 وَالآنَ أَيُّهَا الرَّبُّ، لِيَثْبُتْ إِلَى الأَبَدِ الْكَلاَمُ الَّذِي تَكَلَّمْتَ بِهِ عَنْ عَبْدِكَ وَعَنْ بَيْتِهِ وَافْعَلْ كَمَا نَطَقْتَ.23 Therefore now, LORD, let the thing that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant and concerning his house be established for ever, and do as thou hast said.
24 وَلْيَثْبُتْ وَيَتَعَظَّمِ اسْمُكَ إِلَى الأَبَدِ، فَيُقَالَ: رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ إِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ. هُوَ اللهُ لإِسْرَائِيلَ وَلْيَثْبُتْ بَيْتُ دَاوُدَ عَبْدِكَ أَمَامَكَ.24 Let it even be established, that thy name may be magnified for ever, saying, The LORD of hosts is the God of Israel, even a God to Israel: and let the house of David thy servant be established before thee.
25 لأَنَّكَ يَا إِلهِي قَدْ أَعْلَنْتَ لِعَبْدِكَ أَنَّكَ تَبْنِي لَهُ بَيْتًا، لِذلِكَ وَجَدَ عَبْدُكَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ أَمَامَكَ.25 For thou, O my God, hast told thy servant that thou wilt build him an house: therefore thy servant hath found in his heart to pray before thee.
26 وَالآنَ أَيُّهَا الرَّبُّ، أَنْتَ هُوَ اللهُ، وَقَدْ وَعَدْتَ عَبْدَكَ بِهذَا الْخَيْرِ.26 And now, LORD, thou art God, and hast promised this goodness unto thy servant:
27 وَالآنَ قَدِ ارْتَضَيْتَ بِأَنْ تُبَارِكَ بَيْتَ عَبْدِكَ لِيَكُونَ إِلَى الأَبَدِ أَمَامَكَ، لأَنَّكَ أَنْتَ يَا رَبُّ قَدْ بَارَكْتَ وَهُوَ مُبَارَكٌ إِلَى الأَبَدِ».27 Now therefore let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may be before thee for ever: for thou blessest, O LORD, and it shall be blessed for ever.