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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

الملوك الثاني [6] 2Kings
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Chapter Summary
1 وَقَالَ بَنُو الأَنْبِيَاءِ لأَلِيشَعَ: «هُوَذَا الْمَوْضِعُ الَّذِي نَحْنُ مُقِيمُونَ فِيهِ أَمَامَكَ ضَيِّقٌ عَلَيْنَا.1 And the sons of the prophets said unto Elisha, Behold now, the place where we dwell with thee is too strait for us.
2 فَلْنَذْهَبْ إِلَى الأُرْدُنِّ وَنَأْخُذْ مِنْ هُنَاكَ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ خَشَبَةً، وَنَعْمَلْ لأَنْفُسِنَا هُنَاكَ مَوْضِعًا لِنُقِيمَ فِيهِ». فَقَالَ: «اذْهَبُوا».2 Let us go, we pray thee, unto Jordan, and take thence every man a beam, and let us make us a place there, where we may dwell. And he answered, Go ye.
3 فَقَالَ وَاحِدٌ: «اقْبَلْ وَاذْهَبْ مَعَ عَبِيدِكَ». فَقَالَ: «إِنِّي أَذْهَبُ».3 And one said, Be content, I pray thee, and go with thy servants. And he answered, I will go.
4 فَانْطَلَقَ مَعَهُمْ. وَلَمَّا وَصَلُوا إِلَى الأُرْدُنِّ قَطَعُوا خَشَبًا.4 So he went with them. And when they came to Jordan, they cut down wood.
5 وَإِذْ كَانَ وَاحِدٌ يَقْطَعُ خَشَبَةً، وَقَعَ الْحَدِيدُ فِي الْمَاءِ. فَصَرَخَ وَقَالَ: «آهِ يَا سَيِّدِي! لأَنَّهُ عَارِيَةٌ».5 But as one was felling a beam, the axe head fell into the water: and he cried, and said, Alas, master! for it was borrowed.
6 فَقَالَ رَجُلُ اللهِ: «أَيْنَ سَقَطَ؟» فَأَرَاهُ الْمَوْضِعَ، فَقَطَعَ عُودًا وَأَلْقَاهُ هُنَاكَ، فَطَفَا الْحَدِيدُ.6 And the man of God said, Where fell it? And he showed him the place. And he cut down a stick, and cast it in thither; and the iron did swim.
7 فَقَالَ: «ارْفَعْهُ لِنَفْسِكَ». فَمَدَّ يَدَهُ وَأَخَذَهُ.7 Therefore said he, Take it up to thee. And he put out his hand, and took it.
8 وَأَمَّا مَلِكُ أَرَامَ فَكَانَ يُحَارِبُ إِسْرَائِيلَ، وَتَآمَرَ مَعَ عَبِيدِهِ قَائِلاً: «فِي الْمَكَانِ الْفُلاَنِيِّ تَكُونُ مَحَلَّتِي».8 Then the king of Syria warred against Israel, and took counsel with his servants, saying, In such and such a place shall be my camp.
9 فَأَرْسَلَ رَجُلُ اللهِ إِلَى مَلِكِ إِسْرَائِيلَ يَقُولُ: «احْذَرْ مِنْ أَنْ تَعْبُرَ بِهذَا الْمَوْضِعِ، لأَنَّ الأَرَامِيِّينَ حَالُّونَ هُنَاكَ».9 And the man of God sent unto the king of Israel, saying, Beware that thou pass not such a place; for thither the Syrians are come down.
10 فَأَرْسَلَ مَلِكُ إِسْرَائِيلَ إِلَى الْمَوْضِعِ الَّذِي قَالَ لَهُ عَنْهُ رَجُلُ اللهِ وَحَذَّرَهُ مِنْهُ وَتَحَفَّظَ هُنَاكَ، لاَ مَرَّةً وَلاَ مَرَّتَيْنِ.10 And the king of Israel sent to the place which the man of God told him and warned him of, and saved himself there, not once nor twice.
11 فَاضْطَرَبَ قَلْبُ مَلِكِ أَرَامَ مِنْ هذَا الأَمْرِ، وَدَعَا عَبِيدَهُ وَقَالَ لَهُمْ: «أَمَا تُخْبِرُونَنِي مَنْ مِنَّا هُوَ لِمَلِكِ إِسْرَائِيلَ؟»11 Therefore the heart of the king of Syria was sore troubled for this thing; and he called his servants, and said unto them, Will ye not show me which of us is for the king of Israel?
12 فَقَالَ وَاحِدٌ مِنْ عَبِيدِهِ: «لَيْسَ هكَذَا يَا سَيِّدِي الْمَلِكَ. وَلكِنَّ أَلِيشَعَ النَّبِيَّ الَّذِي فِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، يُخْبِرُ مَلِكَ إِسْرَائِيلَ بِالأُمُورِ الَّتِي تَتَكَلَّمُ بِهَا فِي مُخْدَعِ مِضْطَجَعِكَ».12 And one of his servants said, None, my lord, O king: but Elisha, the prophet that is in Israel, telleth the king of Israel the words that thou speakest in thy bedchamber.
13 فَقَالَ: «اذْهَبُوا وَانْظُرُوا أَيْنَ هُوَ، فَأُرْسِلَ وَآخُذَهُ». فَأُخْبِرَ وَقِيلَ لَهُ: «هُوَذَا هُوَ فِي دُوثَانَ».13 And he said, Go and spy where he is, that I may send and fetch him. And it was told him, saying, Behold, he is in Dothan.
14 فَأَرْسَلَ إِلَى هُنَاكَ خَيْلاً وَمَرْكَبَاتٍ وَجَيْشًا ثَقِيلاً، وَجَاءُوا لَيْلاً وَأَحَاطُوا بِالْمَدِينَةِ.14 Therefore sent he thither horses, and chariots, and a great host: and they came by night, and compassed the city about.
15 فَبَكَّرَ خَادِمُ رَجُلِ اللهِ وَقَامَ وَخَرَجَ، وَإِذَا جَيْشٌ مُحِيطٌ بِالْمَدِينَةِ وَخَيْلٌ وَمَرْكَبَاتٌ. فَقَالَ غُلاَمُهُ لَهُ: «آهِ يَا سَيِّدِي! كَيْفَ نَعْمَلُ؟»15 And when the servant of the man of God was risen early, and gone forth, behold, an host compassed the city both with horses and chariots. And his servant said unto him, Alas, my master! how shall we do?
16 فَقَالَ: «لاَ تَخَفْ، لأَنَّ الَّذِينَ مَعَنَا أَكْثَرُ مِنَ الَّذِينَ مَعَهُمْ».16 And he answered, Fear not: for they that be with us are more than they that be with them.
17 وَصَلَّى أَلِيشَعُ وَقَالَ: «يَا رَبُّ، افْتَحْ عَيْنَيْهِ فَيُبْصِرَ». فَفَتَحَ الرَّبُّ عَيْنَيِ الْغُلاَمِ فَأَبْصَرَ، وَإِذَا الْجَبَلُ مَمْلُوءٌ خَيْلاً وَمَرْكَبَاتِ نَارٍ حَوْلَ أَلِيشَعَ.17 And Elisha prayed, and said, LORD, I pray thee, open his eyes, that he may see. And the LORD opened the eyes of the young man; and he saw: and, behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire round about Elisha.
18 وَلَمَّا نَزَلُوا إِلَيْهِ صَلَّى أَلِيشَعُ إِلَى الرَّبِّ وَقَالَ: «اضْرِبْ هؤُلاَءِ الأُمَمَ بِالْعَمَى». فَضَرَبَهُمْ بِالْعَمَى كَقَوْلِ أَلِيشَعَ.18 And when they came down to him, Elisha prayed unto the LORD, and said, Smite this people, I pray thee, with blindness. And he smote them with blindness according to the word of Elisha.
19 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ أَلِيشَعُ: «لَيْسَتْ هذِهِ هِيَ الطَّرِيقَ، وَلاَ هذِهِ هِيَ الْمَدِينَةَ. اتْبَعُونِي فَأَسِيرَ بِكُمْ إِلَى الرَّجُلِ الَّذِي تُفَتِّشُونَ عَلَيْهِ». فَسَارَ بِهِمْ إِلَى السَّامِرَةِ.19 And Elisha said unto them, This is not the way, neither is this the city: follow me, and I will bring you to the man whom ye seek. But he led them to Samaria.
20 فَلَمَّا دَخَلُوا السَّامِرَةَ قَالَ أَلِيشَعُ: «يَا رَبُّ افْتَحْ أَعْيُنَ هؤُلاَءِ فَيُبْصِرُوا». فَفَتَحَ الرَّبُّ أَعْيُنَهُمْ فَأَبْصَرُوا وَإِذَا هُمْ فِي وَسَطِ السَّامِرَةِ.20 And it came to pass, when they were come into Samaria, that Elisha said, LORD, open the eyes of these men, that they may see. And the LORD opened their eyes, and they saw; and, behold, they were in the midst of Samaria.
21 فَقَالَ مَلِكُ إِسْرَائِيلَ لأَلِيشَعَ لَمَّا رَآهُمْ: «هَلْ أَضْرِبُ؟ هَلْ أَضْرِبُ يَا أَبِي؟»21 And the king of Israel said unto Elisha, when he saw them, My father, shall I smite them? shall I smite them?
22 فَقَالَ: «لاَ تَضْرِبْ. تَضْرِبُ الَّذِينَ سَبَيْتَهُمْ بِسَيْفِكَ وَبِقَوْسِكَ. ضَعْ خُبْزًا وَمَاءً أَمَامَهُمْ فَيَأْكُلُوا وَيَشْرَبُوا، ثُمَّ يَنْطَلِقُوا إِلَى سَيِّدِهِمْ».22 And he answered, Thou shalt not smite them: wouldest thou smite those whom thou hast taken captive with thy sword and with thy bow? set bread and water before them, that they may eat and drink, and go to their master.
23 فَأَوْلَمَ لَهُمْ وَلِيمَةً عَظِيمَةً فَأَكَلُوا وَشَرِبُوا، ثُمَّ أَطْلَقَهُمْ فَانْطَلَقُوا إِلَى سَيِّدِهِمْ. وَلَمْ تَعُدْ أَيْضًا جُيُوشُ أَرَامَ تَدْخُلُ إِلَى أَرْضِ إِسْرَائِيلَ.23 And he prepared great provision for them: and when they had eaten and drunk, he sent them away, and they went to their master. So the bands of Syria came no more into the land of Israel.
24 وَكَانَ بَعْدَ ذلِكَ أَنَّ بَنْهَدَدَ مَلِكَ أَرَامَ جَمَعَ كُلَّ جَيْشِهِ وَصَعِدَ فَحَاصَرَ السَّامِرَةَ.24 And it came to pass after this, that Benhadad king of Syria gathered all his host, and went up, and besieged Samaria.
25 وَكَانَ جُوعٌ شَدِيدٌ فِي السَّامِرَةِ. وَهُمْ حَاصَرُوهَا حَتَّى صَارَ رَأْسُ الْحِمَارِ بِثَمَانِينَ مِنَ الْفِضَّةِ، وَرُبْعُ الْقَابِ مِنْ زِبْلِ الْحَمَامِ بِخَمْسٍ مِنَ الْفِضَّةِ. 25 And there was a great famine in Samaria: and, behold, they besieged it, until an ass's head was sold for fourscore pieces of silver, and the fourth part of a cab of dove's dung for five pieces of silver.
26 وَبَيْنَمَا كَانَ مَلِكُ إِسْرَائِيلَ جَائِزًا عَلَى السُّورِ صَرَخَتِ امْرَأَةٌ إِلَيْهِ: «خَلِّصْ يَا سَيِّدِي الْمَلِكَ».26 And as the king of Israel was passing by upon the wall, there cried a woman unto him, saying, Help, my lord, O king.
27 فَقَالَ: «لاَ! يُخَلِّصْكِ الرَّبُّ. مِنْ أَيْنَ أُخَلِّصُكِ؟ أَمِنَ الْبَيْدَرِ أَوْ مِنَ الْمِعْصَرَةِ؟»27 And he said, If the LORD do not help thee, whence shall I help thee? out of the barnfloor, or out of the winepress?
28 ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهَا الْمَلِكُ: «مَا لَكِ؟» فَقَالَتْ: «إِنَّ هذِهِ الْمَرْأَةُ قَدْ قَالَتْ لِي: هَاتِي ابْنَكِ فَنَأْكُلَهُ الْيَوْمَ ثُمَّ، نَأْكُلَ ابْنِي غَدًا.28 And the king said unto her, What aileth thee? And she answered, This woman said unto me, Give thy son, that we may eat him to day, and we will eat my son to morrow.
29 فَسَلَقْنَا ابْنِي وَأَكَلْنَاهُ. ثُمَّ قُلْتُ لَهَا فِي الْيَوْمِ الآخَرِ: هَاتِي ابْنَكِ فَنَأْكُلَهُ فَخَبَّأَتِ ابْنَهَا».29 So we boiled my son, and did eat him: and I said unto her on the next day, Give thy son, that we may eat him: and she hath hid her son.
30 فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ الْمَلِكُ كَلاَمَ الْمَرْأَةِ مَزَّقَ ثِيَابَهُ وَهُوَ مُجْتَازٌ عَلَى السُّورِ، فَنَظَرَ الشَّعْبُ وَإِذَا مِسْحٌ مِنْ دَاخِل عَلَى جَسَدِهِ.30 And it came to pass, when the king heard the words of the woman, that he rent his clothes; and he passed by upon the wall, and the people looked, and, behold, he had sackcloth within upon his flesh.
31 فَقَالَ: «هكَذَا يَصْنَعُ لِي اللهُ وَهكَذَا يَزِيدُ، إِنْ قَامَ رَأْسُ أَلِيشَعَ بْنِ شَافَاطَ عَلَيْهِ الْيَوْمَ».31 Then he said, God do so and more also to me, if the head of Elisha the son of Shaphat shall stand on him this day.
32 وَكَانَ أَلِيشَعُ جَالِسًا فِي بَيْتِهِ وَالشُّيُوخُ جُلُوسًا عِنْدَهُ. فَأَرْسَلَ رَجُلاً مِنْ أَمَامِهِ. وَقَبْلَمَا أَتَى الرَّسُولُ إِلَيْهِ قَالَ لِلشُّيُوخِ: «هَلْ رَأَيْتُمْ أَنَّ ابْنَ الْقَاتِلِ هذَا قَدْ أَرْسَلَ لِيَقْطَعَ رَأْسِي؟ انْظُرُوا! إِذَا جَاءَ الرَّسُولُ فَأَغْلِقُوا الْبَابَ وَاحْصُرُوهُ عِنْدَ الْبَابِ. أَلَيْسَ صَوْتُ قَدَمَيْ سَيِّدِهِ وَرَاءَهُ؟».32 But Elisha sat in his house, and the elders sat with him; and the king sent a man from before him: but ere the messenger came to him, he said to the elders, See ye how this son of a murderer hath sent to take away mine head? look, when the messenger cometh, shut the door, and hold him fast at the door: is not the sound of his master's feet behind him?
33 وَبَيْنَمَا هُوَ يُكَلِّمُهُمْ إِذَا بِالرَّسُولِ نَازِلٌ إِلَيْهِ. فَقَالَ: «هُوَذَا هذَا الشَّرُّ هُوَ مِنْ قِبَلِ الرَّبِّ. مَاذَا أَنْتَظِرُ مِنَ الرَّبِّ بَعْدُ؟».33 And while he yet talked with them, behold, the messenger came down unto him: and he said, Behold, this evil is of the LORD; what should I wait for the LORD any longer?
قاب
مكيال سعته حوالي ليترين وربع، يساوي نصف عُمِر.