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إصحاحات Chapters
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10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
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28

تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

أعمال الرسل [20] Acts
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Chapter Summary
1 وَبَعْدَمَا انْتَهَى الشَّغَبُ، دَعَا بُولُسُ التَّلاَمِيذَ وَوَدَّعَهُمْ، وَخَرَجَ لِيَذْهَبَ إِلَى مَكِدُونِيَّةَ.1 And after the uproar was ceased, Paul called unto him the disciples, and embraced them, and departed for to go into Macedonia.
2 وَلَمَّا كَانَ قَدِ اجْتَازَ فِي تِلْكَ النَّوَاحِي وَوَعَظَهُمْ بِكَلاَمٍ كَثِيرٍ، جَاءَ إِلَى هَلاَّسَ،2 And when he had gone over those parts, and had given them much exhortation, he came into Greece,
3 فَصَرَفَ ثَلاَثَةَ أَشْهُرٍ. ثُمَّ إِذْ حَصَلَتْ مَكِيدَةٌ مِنَ الْيَهُودِ عَلَيْهِ، وَهُوَ مُزْمِعٌ أَنْ يَصْعَدَ إِلَى سُورِيَّةَ، صَارَ رَأْيٌ أَنْ يَرْجعَ عَلَى طَرِيقِ مَكِدُونِيَّةَ.3 And there abode three months. And when the Jews laid wait for him, as he was about to sail into Syria, he purposed to return through Macedonia.
4 فَرَافَقَهُ إِلَى أَسِيَّا سُوبَاتَرُسُ الْبِيرِيُّ، وَمِنْ أَهْلِ تَسَالُونِيكِي: أَرَسْتَرْخُسُ وَسَكُونْدُسُ وَغَايُوسُ الدَّرْبِيُّ وَتِيمُوثَاوُسُ. وَمِنْ أَهْلِ أَسِيَّا: تِيخِيكُسُ وَتُرُوفِيمُسُ.4 And there accompanied him into Asia Sopater of Berea; and of the Thessalonians, Aristarchus and Secundus; and Gaius of Derbe, and Timotheus; and of Asia, Tychicus and Trophimus.
5 هؤُلاَءِ سَبَقُوا وَانْتَظَرُونَا فِي تَرُوَاسَ.5 These going before tarried for us at Troas.
6 وَأَمَّا نَحْنُ فَسَافَرْنَا فِي الْبَحْرِ بَعْدَ أَيَّامِ الْفَطِيرِ مِنْ فِيلِبِّي، وَوَافَيْنَاهُمْ فِي خَمْسَةِ أَيَّامٍ إِلَى تَرُوَاسَ، حَيْثُ صَرَفْنَا سَبْعَةَ أَيَّامٍ.6 And we sailed away from Philippi after the days of unleavened bread, and came unto them to Troas in five days; where we abode seven days.
7 وَفِي أَوَّلِ الأُسْبُوعِ إِذْ كَانَ التَّلاَمِيذُ مُجْتَمِعِينَ لِيَكْسِرُوا خُبْزًا، خَاطَبَهُمْ بُولُسُ وَهُوَ مُزْمِعٌ أَنْ يَمْضِيَ فِي الْغَدِ، وَأَطَالَ الْكَلاَمَ إِلَى نِصْفِ اللَّيْلِ.7 And upon the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight.
8 وَكَانَتْ مَصَابِيحُ كَثِيرَةٌ فِي الْعِلِّيَّةِ الَّتِي كَانُوا مُجْتَمِعِينَ فِيهَا.8 And there were many lights in the upper chamber, where they were gathered together.
9 وَكَانَ شَابٌّ اسْمُهُ أَفْتِيخُوسُ جَالِسًا فِي الطَّاقَةِ مُتَثَقِّلاً بِنَوْمٍ عَمِيق. وَإِذْ كَانَ بُولُسُ يُخَاطِبُ خِطَابًا طَوِيلاً، غَلَبَ عَلَيْهِ النَّوْمُ فَسَقَطَ مِنَ الطَّبَقَةِ الثَّالِثَةِ إِلَى أَسْفَلُ، وَحُمِلَ مَيِّتًا.9 And there sat in a window a certain young man named Eutychus, being fallen into a deep sleep: and as Paul was long preaching, he sunk down with sleep, and fell down from the third loft, and was taken up dead.
10 فَنَزَلَ بُولُسُ وَوَقَعَ عَلَيْهِ وَاعْتَنَقَهُ قَائِلاً:«لاَ تَضْطَرِبُوا! لأَنَّ نَفْسَهُ فِيهِ!».10 And Paul went down, and fell on him, and embracing him said, Trouble not yourselves; for his life is in him.
11 ثُمَّ صَعِدَ وَكَسَّرَ خُبْزًا وَأَكَلَ وَتَكَلَّمَ كَثِيرًا إِلَى الْفَجْرِ. وَهكَذَا خَرَجَ.11 When he therefore was come up again, and had broken bread, and eaten, and talked a long while, even till break of day, so he departed.
12 وَأَتَوْا بِالْفَتَى حَيًّا، وَتَعَزَّوْا تَعْزِيَةً لَيْسَتْ بِقَلِيلَةٍ.12 And they brought the young man alive, and were not a little comforted.
13 وَأَمَّا نَحْنُ فَسَبَقْنَا إِلَى السَّفِينَةِ وَأَقْلَعْنَا إِلَى أَسُّوسَ، مُزْمِعِينَ أَنْ نَأْخُذَ بُولُسَ مِنْ هُنَاكَ، لأَنَّهُ كَانَ قَدْ رَتَّبَ هكَذَا مُزْمِعًا أَنْ يَمْشِيَ.13 And we went before to ship, and sailed unto Assos, there intending to take in Paul: for so had he appointed, minding himself to go afoot.
14 فَلَمَّا وَافَانَا إِلَى أَسُّوسَ أَخَذْنَاهُ وَأَتَيْنَا إِلَى مِيتِيلِينِي.14 And when he met with us at Assos, we took him in, and came to Mitylene.
15 ثُمَّ سَافَرْنَا مِنْ هُنَاكَ فِي الْبَحْرِ وَأَقْبَلْنَا فِي الْغَدِ إِلَى مُقَابِلِ خِيُوسَ. وَفِي الْيَوْمِ الآخَرِ وَصَلْنَا إِلَى سَامُوسَ، وَأَقَمْنَا فِي تُرُوجِيلِيُّونَ، ثُمَّ فِي الْيَوْمِ التَّالِي جِئْنَا إِلَى مِيلِيتُسَ،15 And we sailed thence, and came the next day over against Chios; and the next day we arrived at Samos, and tarried at Trogyllium; and the next day we came to Miletus.
16 لأَنَّ بُولُسَ عَزَمَ أَنْ يَتَجَاوَزَ أَفَسُسَ فِي الْبَحْرِ لِئَلاَّ يَعْرِضَ لَهُ أَنْ يَصْرِفَ وَقْتًا فِي أَسِيَّا، لأَنَّهُ كَانَ يُسْرِعُ حَتَّى إِذَا أَمْكَنَهُ يَكُونُ فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ فِي يَوْمِ الْخَمْسِينَ.16 For Paul had determined to sail by Ephesus, because he would not spend the time in Asia: for he hasted, if it were possible for him, to be at Jerusalem the day of Pentecost.
17 وَمِنْ مِيلِيتُسَ أَرْسَلَ إِلَى أَفَسُسَ وَاسْتَدْعَى قُسُوسَ الْكَنِيسَةِ. 17 And from Miletus he sent to Ephesus, and called the elders of the church.
18 فَلَمَّا جَاءُوا إِلَيْهِ قَالَ لَهُمْ:«أَنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ مِنْ أَوَّلِ يَوْمٍ دَخَلْتُ أَسِيَّا، كَيْفَ كُنْتُ مَعَكُمْ كُلَّ الزَّمَانِ،18 And when they were come to him, he said unto them, Ye know, from the first day that I came into Asia, after what manner I have been with you at all seasons,
19 أَخْدِمُ الرَّبَّ بِكُلِّ تَوَاضُعٍ وَدُمُوعٍ كَثِيرَةٍ، وَبِتَجَارِبَ أَصَابَتْنِي بِمَكَايِدِ الْيَهُودِ.19 Serving the LORD with all humility of mind, and with many tears, and temptations, which befell me by the lying in wait of the Jews:
20 كَيْفَ لَمْ أُؤَخِّرْ شَيْئًا مِنَ الْفَوَائِدِ إِلاَّ وَأَخْبَرْتُكُمْ وَعَلَّمْتُكُمْ بِهِ جَهْرًا وَفِي كُلِّ بَيْتٍ،20 And how I kept back nothing that was profitable unto you, but have shewed you, and have taught you publickly, and from house to house,
21 شَاهِدًا لِلْيَهُودِ وَالْيُونَانِيِّينَ بِالتَّوْبَةِ إِلَى اللهِ وَالإِيمَانِ الَّذِي بِرَبِّنَا يَسُوعَ الْمَسِيحِ.21 Testifying both to the Jews, and also to the Greeks, repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.
22 وَالآنَ هَا أَنَا أَذْهَبُ إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ مُقَيَّدًا بِالرُّوحِ، لاَ أَعْلَمُ مَاذَا يُصَادِفُنِي هُنَاكَ.22 And now, behold, I go bound in the spirit unto Jerusalem, not knowing the things that shall befall me there:
23 غَيْرَ أَنَّ الرُّوحَ الْقُدُسَ يَشْهَدُ فِي كُلِّ مَدِينَةٍ قَائِلاً: إِنَّ وُثُقًا وَشَدَائِدَ تَنْتَظِرُنِي.23 Save that the Holy Ghost witnesseth in every city, saying that bonds and afflictions abide me.
24 وَلكِنَّنِي لَسْتُ أَحْتَسِبُ لِشَيْءٍ، وَلاَ نَفْسِي ثَمِينَةٌ عِنْدِي، حَتَّى أُتَمِّمَ بِفَرَحٍ سَعْيِي وَالْخِدْمَةَ الَّتِي أَخَذْتُهَا مِنَ الرَّبِّ يَسُوعَ، لأَشْهَدَ بِبِشَارَةِ نِعْمَةِ اللهِ.24 But none of these things move me, neither count I my life dear unto myself, so that I might finish my course with joy, and the ministry, which I have received of the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God.
25 وَالآنَ هَا أَنَا أَعْلَمُ أَنَّكُمْ لاَ تَرَوْنَ وَجْهِي أَيْضًا، أَنْتُمْ جَمِيعًا الَّذِينَ مَرَرْتُ بَيْنَكُمْ كَارِزًا بِمَلَكُوتِ اللهِ.25 And now, behold, I know that ye all, among whom I have gone preaching the kingdom of God, shall see my face no more.
26 لِذلِكَ أُشْهِدُكُمُ الْيَوْمَ هذَا أَنِّي بَرِيءٌ مِنْ دَمِ الْجَمِيعِ،26 Wherefore I take you to record this day, that I am pure from the blood of all men.
27 لأَنِّي لَمْ أُؤَخِّرْ أَنْ أُخْبِرَكُمْ بِكُلِّ مَشُورَةِ اللهِ.27 For I have not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of God.
28 اِحْتَرِزُوا اِذًا لأَنْفُسِكُمْ وَلِجَمِيعِ الرَّعِيَّةِ الَّتِي أَقَامَكُمُ الرُّوحُ الْقُدُسُ فِيهَا أَسَاقِفَةً، لِتَرْعَوْا كَنِيسَةَ اللهِ الَّتِي اقْتَنَاهَا بِدَمِهِ.28 Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.
29 لأَنِّي أَعْلَمُ هذَا: أَنَّهُ بَعْدَ ذِهَابِي سَيَدْخُلُ بَيْنَكُمْ ذِئَابٌ خَاطِفَةٌ لاَ تُشْفِقُ عَلَى الرَّعِيَّةِ.29 For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock.
30 وَمِنْكُمْ أَنْتُمْ سَيَقُومُ رِجَالٌ يَتَكَلَّمُونَ بِأُمُورٍ مُلْتَوِيَةٍ لِيَجْتَذِبُوا التَّلاَمِيذَ وَرَاءَهُمْ.30 Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them.
31 لِذلِكَ اسْهَرُوا، مُتَذَكِّرِينَ أَنِّي ثَلاَثَ سِنِينَ لَيْلاً وَنَهَارًا، لَمْ أَفْتُرْ عَنْ أَنْ أُنْذِرَ بِدُمُوعٍ كُلَّ وَاحِدٍ.31 Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears.
32 وَالآنَ أَسْتَوْدِعُكُمْ يَا إِخْوَتِي للهِ وَلِكَلِمَةِ نِعْمَتِهِ، الْقَادِرَةِ أَنْ تَبْنِيَكُمْ وَتُعْطِيَكُمْ مِيرَاثًا مَعَ جَمِيعِ الْمُقَدَّسِينَ.32 And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance among all them which are sanctified.
33 فِضَّةَ أَوْ ذَهَبَ أَوْ لِبَاسَ أَحَدٍ لَمْ أَشْتَهِ.33 I have coveted no man's silver, or gold, or apparel.
34 أَنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ حَاجَاتِي وَحَاجَاتِ الَّذِينَ مَعِي خَدَمَتْهَا هَاتَانِ الْيَدَانِ.34 Yea, ye yourselves know, that these hands have ministered unto my necessities, and to them that were with me.
35 فِي كُلِّ شَيْءٍ أَرَيْتُكُمْ أَنَّهُ هكَذَا يَنْبَغِي أَنَّكُمْ تَتْعَبُونَ وَتَعْضُدُونَ الضُّعَفَاءَ، مُتَذَكِّرِينَ كَلِمَاتِ الرَّبِّ يَسُوعَ أَنَّهُ قَالَ: مَغْبُوطٌ هُوَ الْعَطَاءُ أَكْثَرُ مِنَ الأَخْذِ».35 I have shewed you all things, how that so labouring ye ought to support the weak, and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more blessed to give than to receive.
36 وَلَمَّا قَالَ هذَا جَثَا عَلَى رُكْبَتَيْهِ مَعَ جَمِيعِهِمْ وَصَلَّى.36 And when he had thus spoken, he kneeled down, and prayed with them all.
37 وَكَانَ بُكَاءٌ عَظِيمٌ مِنَ الْجَمِيعِ، وَوَقَعُوا عَلَى عُنُقِ بُولُسَ يُقَبِّلُونَهُ37 And they all wept sore, and fell on Paul's neck, and kissed him,
38 مُتَوَجِّعِينَ، وَلاَ سِيَّمَا مِنَ الْكَلِمَةِ الَّتِي قَالَهَا: إِنَّهُمْ لَنْ يَرَوْا وَجْهَهُ أَيْضًا. ثُمَّ شَيَّعُوهُ إِلَى السَّفِينَةِ.38 Sorrowing most of all for the words which he spake, that they should see his face no more. And they accompanied him unto the ship.
قسوس
(سريانية) مفردها قس: ترادف في العهد الجديد السقف والشيخ والراعي.