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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

أعمال الرسل [15] Acts
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Chapter Summary
1 وَانْحَدَرَ قَوْمٌ مِنَ الْيَهُودِيَّةِ، وَجَعَلُوا يُعَلِّمُونَ الإِخْوَةَ أَنَّهُ «إِنْ لَمْ تَخْتَتِنُوا حَسَبَ عَادَةِ مُوسَى، لاَ يُمْكِنُكُمْ أَنْ تَخْلُصُوا».1 And certain men which came down from Judaea taught the brethren, and said, Except ye be circumcised after the manner of Moses, ye cannot be saved.
2 فَلَمَّا حَصَلَ لِبُولُسَ وَبَرْنَابَا مُنَازَعَةٌ وَمُبَاحَثَةٌ لَيْسَتْ بِقَلِيلَةٍ مَعَهُمْ، رَتَّبُوا أَنْ يَصْعَدَ بُولُسُ وَبَرْنَابَا وَأُنَاسٌ آخَرُونَ مِنْهُمْ إِلَى الرُّسُلِ وَالْمَشَايخِ إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ مِنْ أَجْلِ هذِهِ الْمَسْأَلَةِ.2 When therefore Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and disputation with them, they determined that Paul and Barnabas, and certain other of them, should go up to Jerusalem unto the apostles and elders about this question.
3 فَهؤُلاَءِ بَعْدَ مَا شَيَّعَتْهُمُ الْكَنِيسَةُ اجْتَازُوا فِي فِينِيقِيَةَ وَالسَّامِرَةِ يُخْبِرُونَهُمْ بِرُجُوعِ الأُمَمِ، وَكَانُوا يُسَبِّبُونَ سُرُورًا عَظِيمًا لِجَمِيعِ الإِخْوَةِ.3 And being brought on their way by the church, they passed through Phenice and Samaria, declaring the conversion of the Gentiles: and they caused great joy unto all the brethren.
4 وَلَمَّا حَضَرُوا إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ قَبِلَتْهُمُ الْكَنِيسَةُ وَالرُّسُلُ وَالْمَشَايخُ، فَأَخْبَرُوهُمْ بِكُلِّ مَا صَنَعَ اللهُ مَعَهُمْ.4 And when they were come to Jerusalem, they were received of the church, and of the apostles and elders, and they declared all things that God had done with them.
5 وَلكِنْ قَامَ أُنَاسٌ مِنَ الَّذِينَ كَانُوا قَدْ آمَنُوا مِنْ مَذْهَبِ الْفَرِّيسِيِّينَ، وَقَالُوا:«إِنَّهُ يَنْبَغِي أَنْ يُخْتَنُوا، وَيُوصَوْا بِأَنْ يَحْفَظُوا نَامُوسَ مُوسَى».5 But there rose up certain of the sect of the Pharisees which believed, saying, That it was needful to circumcise them, and to command them to keep the law of Moses.
6 فَاجْتَمَعَ الرُّسُلُ وَالْمَشَايخُ لِيَنْظُرُوا فِي هذَا الأَمْرِ.6 And the apostles and elders came together for to consider of this matter.
7 فَبَعْدَ مَا حَصَلَتْ مُبَاحَثَةٌ كَثِيرَةٌ قَامَ بُطْرُسُ وَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«أَيُّهَا الرِّجَالُ الإِخْوَةُ، أَنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ مُنْذُ أَيَّامٍ قَدِيمَةٍ اخْتَارَ اللهُ بَيْنَنَا أَنَّهُ بِفَمِي يَسْمَعُ الأُمَمُ كَلِمَةَ الإِنْجِيلِ وَيُؤْمِنُونَ7 And when there had been much disputing, Peter rose up, and said unto them, Men and brethren, ye know how that a good while ago God made choice among us, that the Gentiles by my mouth should hear the word of the gospel, and believe.
8 وَاللهُ الْعَارِفُ الْقُلُوبَ، شَهِدَ لَهُمْ مُعْطِيًا لَهُمُ الرُّوحَ الْقُدُسَ كَمَا لَنَا أَيْضًا.8 And God, which knoweth the hearts, bare them witness, giving them the Holy Ghost, even as he did unto us;
9 وَلَمْ يُمَيِّزْ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَهُمْ بِشَيْءٍ، إِذْ طَهَّرَ بِالإِيمَانِ قُلُوبَهُمْ.9 And put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith.
10 فَالآنَ لِمَاذَا تُجَرِّبُونَ اللهَ بِوَضْعِ نِيرٍ عَلَى عُنُقِ التَّلاَمِيذِ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ آبَاؤُنَا وَلاَ نَحْنُ أَنْ نَحْمِلَهُ؟10 Now therefore why tempt ye God, to put a yoke upon the neck of the disciples, which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear?
11 لكِنْ بِنِعْمَةِ الرَّبِّ يَسُوعَ الْمَسِيحِ نُؤْمِنُ أَنْ نَخْلُصَ كَمَا أُولئِكَ أَيْضًا».11 But we believe that through the grace of the LORD Jesus Christ we shall be saved, even as they.
12 فَسَكَتَ الْجُمْهُورُ كُلُّهُ. وَكَانُوا يَسْمَعُونَ بَرْنَابَا وَبُولُسَ يُحَدِّثَانِ بِجَمِيعِ مَا صَنَعَ اللهُ مِنَ الآيَاتِ وَالْعَجَائِبِ فِي الأُمَمِ بِوَاسِطَتِهِمْ.12 Then all the multitude kept silence, and gave audience to Barnabas and Paul, declaring what miracles and wonders God had wrought among the Gentiles by them.
13 وَبَعْدَمَا سَكَتَا أَجَابَ يَعْقُوبُ قِائِلاً:«أَيُّهَا الرِّجَالُ الإِخْوَةُ، اسْمَعُونِي.13 And after they had held their peace, James answered, saying, Men and brethren, hearken unto me:
14 سِمْعَانُ قَدْ أَخْبَرَ كَيْفَ افْتَقَدَ اللهُ أَوَّلاً الأُمَمَ لِيَأْخُذَ مِنْهُمْ شَعْبًا عَلَى اسْمِهِ.14 Simeon hath declared how God at the first did visit the Gentiles, to take out of them a people for his name.
15 وَهذَا تُوافِقُهُ أَقْوَالُ الأَنْبِيَاءِ، كَمَا هُوَ مَكْتُوبٌ:15 And to this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written,
16 سَأَرْجعُ بَعْدَ هذَا وَأَبْنِي أَيْضًا خَيْمَةَ دَاوُدَ السَّاقِطَةَ، وَأَبْنِي أَيْضًا رَدْمَهَا وَأُقِيمُهَا ثَانِيَةً،16 After this I will return, and will build again the tabernacle of David, which is fallen down; and I will build again the ruins thereof, and I will set it up:
17 لِكَيْ يَطْلُبَ الْبَاقُونَ مِنَ النَّاسِ الرَّبَّ، وَجَمِيعُ الأُمَمِ الَّذِينَ دُعِيَ اسْمِي عَلَيْهِمْ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ الصَّانِعُ هذَا كُلَّهُ.17 That the residue of men might seek after the Lord, and all the Gentiles, upon whom my name is called, saith the Lord, who doeth all these things.
18 مَعْلُومَةٌ عِنْدَ الرَّبِّ مُنْذُ الأَزَلِ جَمِيعُ أَعْمَالِهِ.18 Known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world.
19 لِذلِكَ أَنَا أَرَى أَنْ لاَ يُثَقَّلَ عَلَى الرَّاجِعِينَ إِلَى اللهِ مِنَ الأُمَمِ،19 Wherefore my sentence is, that we trouble not them, which from among the Gentiles are turned to God:
20 بَلْ يُرْسَلْ إِلَيْهِمْ أَنْ يَمْتَنِعُوا عَنْ نَجَاسَاتِ الأَصْنَامِ، وَالزِّنَا، وَالْمَخْنُوقِ، وَالدَّمِ.20 But that we write unto them, that they abstain from pollutions of idols, and from fornication, and from things strangled, and from blood.
21 لأَنَّ مُوسَى مُنْذُ أَجْيَال قَدِيمَةٍ، لَهُ فِي كُلِّ مَدِينَةٍ مَنْ يَكْرِزُ بِهِ، إِذْ يُقْرَأُ فِي الْمَجَامِعِ كُلَّ سَبْتٍ».21 For Moses of old time hath in every city them that preach him, being read in the synagogues every sabbath day.
22 حِينَئِذٍ رَأَى الرُّسُلُ وَالْمَشَايِخُ مَعَ كُلِّ الْكَنِيسَةِ أَنْ يَخْتَارُوا رَجُلَيْنِ مِنْهُمْ، فَيُرْسِلُوهُمَا إِلَى أَنْطَاكِيَةَ مَعَ بُولُسَ وَبَرْنَابَا: يَهُوذَا الْمُلَقَّبَ بَرْسَابَا، وَسِيلاَ، رَجُلَيْنِ مُتَقَدِّمَيْنِ فِي الإِخْوَةِ.22 Then pleased it the apostles and elders with the whole church, to send chosen men of their own company to Antioch with Paul and Barnabas; namely, Judas surnamed Barsabas and Silas, chief men among the brethren:
23 وَكَتَبُوا بِأَيْدِيهِمْ هكَذَا:«اَلرُّسُلُ وَالْمَشَايخُ وَالإِخْوَةُ يُهْدُونَ سَلاَمًا إِلَى الإِخْوَةِ الَّذِينَ مِنَ الأُمَمِ فِي أَنْطَاكِيَةَ وَسُورِيَّةَ وَكِيلِيكِيَّةَ:23 And they wrote letters by them after this manner; The apostles and elders and brethren send greeting unto the brethren which are of the Gentiles in Antioch and Syria and Cilicia.
24 إِذْ قَدْ سَمِعْنَا أَنَّ أُنَاسًا خَارِجِينَ مِنْ عِنْدِنَا أَزْعَجُوكُمْ بِأَقْوَال، مُقَلِّبِينَ أَنْفُسَكُمْ، وَقَائِلِينَ أَنْ تَخْتَتِنُوا وَتَحْفَظُوا النَّامُوسَ، الَّذِينَ نَحْنُ لَمْ نَأْمُرْهُمْ.24 Forasmuch as we have heard, that certain which went out from us have troubled you with words, subverting your souls, saying, Ye must be circumcised, and keep the law: to whom we gave no such commandment:
25 رَأَيْنَا وَقَدْ صِرْنَا بِنَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ أَنْ نَخْتَارَ رَجُلَيْنِ وَنُرْسِلَهُمَا إِلَيْكُمْ مَعَ حَبِيبَيْنَا بَرْنَابَا وَبُولُسَ،25 It seemed good unto us, being assembled with one accord, to send chosen men unto you with our beloved Barnabas and Paul,
26 رَجُلَيْنِ قَدْ بَذَلاَ نَفْسَيْهِمَا لأَجْلِ اسْمِ رَبِّنَا يَسُوعَ الْمَسِيحِ.26 Men that have hazarded their lives for the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.
27 فَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا يَهُوذَا وَسِيلاَ، وَهُمَا يُخْبِرَانِكُمْ بِنَفْسِ الأُمُورِ شِفَاهًا.27 We have sent therefore Judas and Silas, who shall also tell you the same things by mouth.
28 لأَنَّهُ قَدْ رَأَى الرُّوحُ الْقُدُسُ وَنَحْنُ، أَنْ لاَ نَضَعَ عَلَيْكُمْ ثِقْلاً أَكْثَرَ، غَيْرَ هذِهِ الأَشْيَاءِ الْوَاجِبَةِ:28 For it seemed good to the Holy Ghost, and to us, to lay upon you no greater burden than these necessary things;
29 أَنْ تَمْتَنِعُوا عَمَّا ذُبحَ لِلأَصْنَامِ، وَعَنِ الدَّمِ، وَالْمَخْنُوقِ، وَالزِّنَا، الَّتِي إِنْ حَفِظْتُمْ أَنْفُسَكُمْ مِنْهَا فَنِعِمَّا تَفْعَلُونَ. كُونُوا مُعَافَيْنَ». 29 That ye abstain from meats offered to idols, and from blood, and from things strangled, and from fornication: from which if ye keep yourselves, ye shall do well. Fare ye well.
30 فَهؤُلاَءِ لَمَّا أُطْلِقُوا جَاءُوا إِلَى أَنْطَاكِيَةَ، وَجَمَعُوا الْجُمْهُورَ وَدَفَعُوا الرِّسَالَةَ.30 So when they were dismissed, they came to Antioch: and when they had gathered the multitude together, they delivered the epistle:
31 فَلَمَّا قَرَأُوهَا فَرِحُوا لِسَبَبِ التَّعْزِيَةِ.31 Which when they had read, they rejoiced for the consolation.
32 وَيَهُوذَا وَسِيلاَ، إِذْ كَانَا هُمَا أَيْضًا نَبِيَّيْنِ، وَعَظَا الإِخْوَةَ بِكَلاَمٍ كَثِيرٍ وَشَدَّدَاهُمْ.32 And Judas and Silas, being prophets also themselves, exhorted the brethren with many words, and confirmed them.
33 ثُمَّ بَعْدَ مَا صَرَفَا زَمَانًا أُطْلِقَا بِسَلاَمٍ مِنَ الإِخْوَةِ إِلَى الرُّسُلِ.33 And after they had tarried there a space, they were let go in peace from the brethren unto the apostles.
34 وَلكِنَّ سِيلاَ رَأَى أَنْ يَلْبَثَ هُنَاكَ.34 Notwithstanding it pleased Silas to abide there still.
35 أَمَّا بُولُسُ وَبَرْنَابَا فَأَقَامَا فِي أَنْطَاكِيَةَ يُعَلِّمَانِ وَيُبَشِّرَانِ مَعَ آخَرِينَ كَثِيرِينَ أَيْضًا بِكَلِمَةِ الرَّبِّ.35 Paul also and Barnabas continued in Antioch, teaching and preaching the word of the Lord, with many others also.
36 ثُمَّ بَعْدَ أَيَّامٍ قَالَ بُولُسُ لِبَرْنَابَا:«لِنَرْجِعْ وَنَفْتَقِدْ إِخْوَتَنَا فِي كُلِّ مَدِينَةٍ نَادَيْنَا فِيهَا بِكَلِمَةِ الرَّبِّ، كَيْفَ هُمْ».36 And some days after Paul said unto Barnabas, Let us go again and visit our brethren in every city where we have preached the word of the LORD, and see how they do.
37 فَأَشَارَ بَرْنَابَا أَنْ يَأْخُذَا مَعَهُمَا أَيْضًا يُوحَنَّا الَّذِي يُدْعَى مَرْقُسَ،37 And Barnabas determined to take with them John, whose surname was Mark.
38 وَأَمَّا بُولُسُ فَكَانَ يَسْتَحْسِنُ أَنَّ الَّذِي فَارَقَهُمَا مِنْ بَمْفِيلِيَّةَ وَلَمْ يَذْهَبْ مَعَهُمَا لِلْعَمَلِ، لاَ يَأْخُذَانِهِ مَعَهُمَا.38 But Paul thought not good to take him with them, who departed from them from Pamphylia, and went not with them to the work.
39 فَحَصَلَ بَيْنَهُمَا مُشَاجَرَةٌ حَتَّى فَارَقَ أَحَدُهُمَا الآخَرَ. وَبَرْنَابَا أَخَذَ مَرْقُسَ وَسَافَرَ فِي الْبَحْرِ إِلَى قُبْرُسَ.39 And the contention was so sharp between them, that they departed asunder one from the other: and so Barnabas took Mark, and sailed unto Cyprus;
40 وَأَمَّا بُولُسُ فَاخْتَارَ سِيلاَ وَخَرَجَ مُسْتَوْدَعًا مِنَ الإِخْوَةِ إِلَى نِعْمَةِ اللهِ.40 And Paul chose Silas, and departed, being recommended by the brethren unto the grace of God.
41 فَاجْتَازَ فِي سُورِيَّةَ وَكِيلِيكِيَّةَ يُشَدِّدُ الْكَنَائِسَ.41 And he went through Syria and Cilicia, confirming the churches.
المختون
ما مات خنقاً لتمييزه عن المذبوح ذبحاً.