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إصحاحات Chapters
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10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36
37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45
46 47 48 49 50

تفسير Commentary
تشارلز ماكنتوش
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

التكوين [30] Genesis
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Chapter Summary
1 فَلَمَّا رَأَتْ رَاحِيلُ أَنَّهَا لَمْ تَلِدْ لِيَعْقُوبَ، غَارَتْ رَاحِيلُ مِنْ أُخْتِهَا، وَقَالَتْ لِيَعْقُوبَ: «هَبْ لِي بَنِينَ، وَإِلاَّ فَأَنَا أَمُوتُ!».1 And when Rachel saw that she bare Jacob no children, Rachel envied her sister; and said unto Jacob, Give me children, or else I die.
2 فَحَمِيَ غَضَبُ يَعْقُوبَ عَلَى رَاحِيلَ وَقَالَ: «أَلَعَلِّي مَكَانَ اللهِ الَّذِي مَنَعَ عَنْكِ ثَمْرَةَ الْبَطْنِ؟».2 And Jacob's anger was kindled against Rachel: and he said, Am I in God's stead, who hath withheld from thee the fruit of the womb?
3 فَقَالَتْ: «هُوَذَا جَارِيَتِي بِلْهَةُ، ادْخُلْ عَلَيْهَا فَتَلِدَ عَلَى رُكْبَتَيَّ، وَأُرْزَقُ أَنَا أَيْضًا مِنْهَا بَنِينَ».3 And she said, Behold my maid Bilhah, go in unto her; and she shall bear upon my knees, that I may also have children by her.
4 فَأَعْطَتْهُ بِلْهَةَ جَارِيَتَهَا زَوْجَةً، فَدَخَلَ عَلَيْهَا يَعْقُوبُ،4 And she gave him Bilhah her handmaid to wife: and Jacob went in unto her.
5 فَحَبِلَتْ بِلْهَةُ وَوَلَدَتْ لِيَعْقُوبَ ابْنًا،5 And Bilhah conceived, and bare Jacob a son.
6 فَقَالَتْ رَاحِيلُ: «قَدْ قَضَى لِيَ اللهُ وَسَمِعَ أَيْضًا لِصَوْتِي وَأَعْطَانِيَ ابْنًا». لِذلِكَ دَعَتِ اسْمَهُ «دَانًا».6 And Rachel said, God hath judged me, and hath also heard my voice, and hath given me a son: therefore called she his name Dan.
7 وَحَبِلَتْ أَيْضًا بِلْهَةُ جَارِيَةُ رَاحِيلَ وَوَلَدَتِ ابْنًا ثَانِيًا لِيَعْقُوبَ،7 And Bilhah Rachel's maid conceived again, and bare Jacob a second son.
8 فَقَالَتْ رَاحِيلُ: «مُصَارَعَاتِ اللهِ قَدْ صَارَعْتُ أُخْتِي وَغَلَبْتُ». فَدَعَتِ اسْمَهُ «نَفْتَالِي».8 And Rachel said, With great wrestlings have I wrestled with my sister, and I have prevailed: and she called his name Naphtali.
9 وَلَمَّا رَأَتْ لَيْئَةُ أَنَّهَا تَوَقَّفَتْ عَنِ الْوِلاَدَةِ، أَخَذَتْ زِلْفَةَ جَارِيَتَهَا وَأَعْطَتْهَا لِيَعْقُوبَ زَوْجَةً،9 When Leah saw that she had left bearing, she took Zilpah her maid, and gave her Jacob to wife.
10 فَوَلَدَتْ زِلْفَةُ جَارِيَةُ لَيْئَةَ لِيَعْقُوبَ ابْنًا.10 And Zilpah Leah's maid bare Jacob a son.
11 فَقَالَتْ لَيْئَةُ: «بِسَعْدٍ». فَدَعَتِ اسْمَهُ «جَادًا». 11 And Leah said, A troop cometh: and she called his name Gad.
12 وَوَلَدَتْ زِلْفَةُ جَارِيَةُ لَيْئَةَ ابْنًا ثَانِيًا لِيَعْقُوبَ،12 And Zilpah Leah's maid bare Jacob a second son.
13 فَقَالَتْ لَيْئَةُ: «بِغِبْطَتِي، لأَنَّهُ تُغَبِّطُنِي بَنَاتٌ». فَدَعَتِ اسْمَهُ «أَشِيرَ».13 And Leah said, Happy am I, for the daughters will call me blessed: and she called his name Asher.
14 وَمَضَى رَأُوبَيْنُ فِي أَيَّامِ حَصَادِ الْحِنْطَةِ فَوَجَدَ لُفَّاحًا فِي الْحَقْلِ وَجَاءَ بِهِ إِلَى لَيْئَةَ أُمِّهِ. فَقَالَتْ رَاحِيلُ لِلَيْئَةَ: «أَعْطِينِي مِنْ لُفَّاحِ ابْنِكِ». 14 And Reuben went in the days of wheat harvest, and found mandrakes in the field, and brought them unto his mother Leah. Then Rachel said to Leah, Give me, I pray thee, of thy son's mandrakes.
15 فَقَالَتْ لَهَا: «أَقَلِيلٌ أَنَّكِ أَخَذْتِ رَجُلِي فَتَأْخُذِينَ لُفَّاحَ ابْنِي أَيْضًا؟» فَقَالَتْ رَاحِيلُ: «إِذًا يَضْطَجعُ مَعَكِ اللَّيْلَةَ عِوَضًا عَنْ لُفَّاحِ ابْنِكِ».15 And she said unto her, Is it a small matter that thou hast taken my husband? and wouldest thou take away my son's mandrakes also? And Rachel said, Therefore he shall lie with thee to night for thy son's mandrakes.
16 فَلَمَّا أَتَى يَعْقُوبُ مِنَ الْحَقْلِ فِي الْمَسَاءِ، خَرَجَتْ لَيْئَةُ لِمُلاَقَاتِهِ وَقَالَتْ: «إِلَيَّ تَجِيءُ لأَنِّي قَدِ اسْتَأْجَرْتُكَ بِلُفَّاحِ ابْنِي». فَاضْطَجَعَ مَعَهَا تِلْكَ اللَّيْلَةَ.16 And Jacob came out of the field in the evening, and Leah went out to meet him, and said, Thou must come in unto me; for surely I have hired thee with my son's mandrakes. And he lay with her that night.
17 وَسَمِعَ اللهُ لِلَيْئَةَ فَحَبِلَتْ وَوَلَدَتْ لِيَعْقُوبَ ابْنًا خَامِسًا.17 And God hearkened unto Leah, and she conceived, and bare Jacob the fifth son.
18 فَقَالَتْ لَيْئَةُ: «قَدْ أَعْطَانِي اللهُ أُجْرَتِي، لأَنِّي أَعْطَيْتُ جَارِيَتِي لِرَجُلِي». فَدَعَتِ اسْمَهُ «يَسَّاكَرَ».18 And Leah said, God hath given me my hire, because I have given my maiden to my husband: and she called his name Issachar.
19 وَحَبِلَتْ أَيْضًا لَيْئَةُ وَوَلَدَتِ ابْنًا سَادِسًا لِيَعْقُوبَ،19 And Leah conceived again, and bare Jacob the sixth son.
20 فَقَالَتْ لَيْئَةُ: «قَدْ وَهَبَنِي اللهُ هِبَةً حَسَنَةً. الآنَ يُسَاكِنُنِي رَجُلِي، لأَنِّي وَلَدْتُ لَهُ سِتَّةَ بَنِينَ». فَدَعَتِ اسْمَهُ «زَبُولُونَ».20 And Leah said, God hath endued me with a good dowry; now will my husband dwell with me, because I have born him six sons: and she called his name Zebulun.
21 ثُمَّ وَلَدَتِ ابْنَةً وَدَعَتِ اسْمَهَا «دِينَةَ».21 And afterwards she bare a daughter, and called her name Dinah.
22 وَذَكَرَ اللهُ رَاحِيلَ، وَسَمِعَ لَهَا اللهُ وَفَتَحَ رَحِمَهَا،22 And God remembered Rachel, and God hearkened to her, and opened her womb.
23 فَحَبِلَتْ وَوَلَدَتِ ابْنًا فَقَالَتْ: «قَدْ نَزَعَ اللهُ عَارِي».23 And she conceived, and bare a son; and said, God hath taken away my reproach:
24 وَدَعَتِ اسْمَهُ «يُوسُفَ» قَائِلَةً: «يَزِيدُنِي الرَّبُّ ابْنًا آخَرَ».24 And she called his name Joseph; and said, The LORD shall add to me another son.
25 وَحَدَثَ لَمَّا وَلَدَتْ رَاحِيلُ يُوسُفَ أَنَّ يَعْقُوبَ قَالَ لِلاَبَانَ: «اصْرِفْنِي لأَذْهَبَ إِلَى مَكَانِي وَإِلَى أَرْضِي.25 And it came to pass, when Rachel had born Joseph, that Jacob said unto Laban, Send me away, that I may go unto mine own place, and to my country.
26 أَعْطِنِي نِسَائِي وَأَوْلاَدِي الَّذِينَ خَدَمْتُكَ بِهِمْ فَأَذْهَبَ، لأَنَّكَ أَنْتَ تَعْلَمُ خِدْمَتِي الَّتِي خَدَمْتُكَ».26 Give me my wives and my children, for whom I have served thee, and let me go: for thou knowest my service which I have done thee.
27 فَقَالَ لَهُ لاَبَانُ: «لَيْتَنِي أَجِدُ نِعْمَةً فِي عَيْنَيْكَ. قَدْ تَفَاءَلْتُ فَبَارَكَنِي الرَّبُّ بِسَبَبِكَ».27 And Laban said unto him, I pray thee, if I have found favor in thine eyes, tarry: for I have learned by experience that the LORD hath blessed me for thy sake.
28 وَقَالَ: «عَيِّنْ لِي أُجْرَتَكَ فَأُعْطِيَكَ».28 And he said, Appoint me thy wages, and I will give it.
29 فَقَالَ لَهُ: «أَنْتَ تَعْلَمُ مَاذَا خَدَمْتُكَ، وَمَاذَا صَارَتْ مَوَاشِيكَ مَعِي،29 And he said unto him, Thou knowest how I have served thee, and how thy cattle was with me.
30 لأَنَّ مَا كَانَ لَكَ قَبْلِي قَلِيلٌ فَقَدِ اتَّسَعَ إِلَى كَثِيرٍ، وَبَارَكَكَ الرَّبُّ فِي أَثَرِي. وَالآنَ مَتَى أَعْمَلُ أَنَا أَيْضًا لِبَيْتِي؟»30 For it was little which thou hadst before I came, and it is now increased unto a multitude; and the LORD hath blessed thee since my coming: and now when shall I provide for mine own house also?
31 فَقَالَ: «مَاذَا أُعْطِيكَ؟» فَقَالَ يَعْقُوبُ: «لاَ تُعْطِينِي شَيْئًا. إِنْ صَنَعْتَ لِي هذَا الأَمْرَ أَعُودُ أَرْعَى غَنَمَكَ وَأَحْفَظُهَا:31 And he said, What shall I give thee? And Jacob said, Thou shalt not give me any thing: if thou wilt do this thing for me, I will again feed and keep thy flock.
32 أَجْتَازُ بَيْنَ غَنَمِكَ كُلِّهَا الْيَوْمَ، وَاعْزِلْ أَنْتَ مِنْهَا كُلَّ شَاةٍ رَقْطَاءَ وَبَلْقَاءَ، وَكُلَّ شَاةٍ سَوْدَاءَ بَيْنَ الْخِرْفَانِ، وَبَلْقَاءَ وَرَقْطَاءَ بَيْنَ الْمِعْزَى. فَيَكُونَ مِثْلُ ذلِكَ أُجْرَتِي. 32 I will pass through all thy flock to day, removing from thence all the speckled and spotted cattle, and all the brown cattle among the sheep, and the spotted and speckled among the goats: and of such shall be my hire.
33 وَيَشْهَدُ فِيَّ بِرِّي يَوْمَ غَدٍ إِذَا جِئْتَ مِنْ أَجْلِ أُجْرَتِي قُدَّامَكَ. كُلُّ مَا لَيْسَ أَرْقَطَ أَوْ أَبْلَقَ بَيْنَ الْمِعْزَى وَأَسْوَدَ بَيْنَ الْخِرْفَانِ فَهُوَ مَسْرُوقٌ عِنْدِي». 33 So shall my righteousness answer for me in time to come, when it shall come for my hire before thy face: every one that is not speckled and spotted among the goats, and brown among the sheep, that shall be counted stolen with me.
34 فَقَالَ لاَبَانُ: «هُوَذَا لِيَكُنْ بِحَسَبِ كَلاَمِكَ».34 And Laban said, Behold, I would it might be according to thy word.
35 فَعَزَلَ فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ التُّيُوسَ الْمُخَطَّطَةَ وَالْبَلْقَاءَ، وَكُلَّ الْعِنَازِ الرَّقْطَاءِ وَالْبَلْقَاءِ، كُلَّ مَا فِيهِ بَيَاضٌ وَكُلَّ أَسْوَدَ بَيْنَ الْخِرْفَانِ، وَدَفَعَهَا إِلَى أَيْدِي بَنِيهِ. 35 And he removed that day the he goats that were ring-streaked and spotted, and all the she goats that were speckled and spotted, and every one that had some white in it, and all the brown among the sheep, and gave them into the hand of his sons.
36 وَجَعَلَ مَسِيرَةَ ثَلاَثَةِ أَيَّامٍ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ يَعْقُوبَ، وَكَانَ يَعْقُوبُ يَرْعَى غَنَمَ لاَبَانَ الْبَاقِيَةَ.36 And he set three days' journey betwixt himself and Jacob: and Jacob fed the rest of Laban's flocks.
37 فَأَخَذَ يَعْقُوبُ لِنَفْسِهِ قُضْبَانًا خُضْرًا مِنْ لُبْنَى وَلَوْزٍ وَدُلْبٍ، وَقَشَّرَ فِيهَا خُطُوطًا بِيضًا، كَاشِطًا عَنِ الْبَيَاضِ الَّذِي عَلَى الْقُضْبَانِ. 37 And Jacob took him rods of green poplar, and of the hazel and chestnut tree; and pilled white streaks in them, and made the white appear which was in the rods.
38 وَأَوْقَفَ الْقُضْبَانَ الَّتِي قَشَّرَهَا فِي الأَجْرَانِ فِي مَسَاقِي الْمَاءِ حَيْثُ كَانَتِ الْغَنَمُ تَجِيءُ لِتَشْرَبَ، تُجَاهَ الْغَنَمِ، لِتَتَوَحَّمَ عِنْدَ مَجِيئِهَا لِتَشْرَبَ.38 And he set the rods which he had pilled before the flocks in the gutters in the watering troughs when the flocks came to drink, that they should conceive when they came to drink.
39 فَتَوَحَّمَتِ الْغَنَمُ عِنْدَ الْقُضْبَانِ، وَوَلَدَتِ الْغَنَمُ مُخَطَّطَاتٍ وَرُقْطًا وَبُلْقًا.39 And the flocks conceived before the rods, and brought forth cattle ring-streaked, speckled, and spotted.
40 وَأَفْرَزَ يَعْقُوبُ الْخِرْفَانَ وَجَعَلَ وُجُوهَ الْغَنَمِ إِلَى الْمُخَطَّطِ وَكُلِّ أَسْوَدَ بَيْنَ غَنَمِ لاَبَانَ. وَجَعَلَ لَهُ قُطْعَانًا وَحْدَهُ وَلَمْ يَجْعَلْهَا مَعَ غَنَمِ لاَبَانَ.40 And Jacob did separate the lambs, and set the faces of the flocks toward the ring-streaked, and all the brown in the flock of Laban; and he put his own flocks by themselves, and put them not unto Laban's cattle.
41 وَحَدَثَ كُلَّمَا تَوَحَّمَتِ الْغَنَمُ الْقَوِيَّةُ أَنَّ يَعْقُوبَ وَضَعَ الْقُضْبَانَ أَمَامَ عُيُونِ الْغَنَمِ فِي الأَجْرَانِ لِتَتَوَحَّمَ بَيْنَ الْقُضْبَانِ.41 And it came to pass, whensoever the stronger cattle did conceive, that Jacob laid the rods before the eyes of the cattle in the gutters, that they might conceive among the rods.
42 وَحِينَ اسْتَضْعَفَتِ الْغَنَمُ لَمْ يَضَعْهَا، فَصَارَتِ الضَّعِيفَةُ لِلاَبَانَ وَالْقَوِيَّةُ لِيَعْقُوبَ.42 But when the cattle were feeble, he put them not in: so the feebler were Laban's, and the stronger Jacob's.
43 فَاتَّسَعَ الرَّجُلُ كَثِيرًا جِدًّا، وَكَانَ لَهُ غَنَمٌ كَثِيرٌ وَجَوَارٍ وَعَبِيدٌ وَجِمَالٌ وَحَمِيرٌ.43 And the man increased exceedingly, and had much cattle, and maidservants, and menservants, and camels, and asses.
سَعد
حظ سعيد، يُمن، نقيض نحس.
لُفَّاح
نبات بريّ، ورقه كورق التبغ، ثمره بحجم حبة المشمش وله رائحة طيبة.
بَلْقاء
ما كان في لونها سواد وبياض.
رَقطاء
انظر رُقْط أعلاه.
أبلَق
ما كان في لونه سواد وبياض.
أرقَط
أسود مُنَقّط بأبيض أو أبيض مُنَقّط بأسود.
عِناز
مفردها عنـز: أنثى المعز، عنـزة.
دُلْب
شجر كبير يعيش في التربة الرطبة ويزرع على جوانب الطرق.
لُبْنى
شجرة كبيرة تعرف بالحوز يخرج منها عصارة بيضاء.