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إصحاحات Chapters
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10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
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تفسير Commentary
بنيامين بنكرتن
هلال أمين
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

يوحنا [3] John
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Chapter Summary
1 كَانَ إِنْسَانٌ مِنَ الْفَرِّيسِيِّينَ اسْمُهُ نِيقُودِيمُوسُ، رَئِيسٌ لِلْيَهُودِ.1 There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews:
2 هذَا جَاءَ إِلَى يَسُوعَ لَيْلاً وَقَالَ لَهُ:«يَا مُعَلِّمُ، نَعْلَمُ أَنَّكَ قَدْ أَتَيْتَ مِنَ اللهِ مُعَلِّمًا، لأَنْ لَيْسَ أَحَدٌ يَقْدِرُ أَنْ يَعْمَلَ هذِهِ الآيَاتِ الَّتِي أَنْتَ تَعْمَلُ إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنِ اللهُ مَعَهُ».2 The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him.
3 أَجَابَ يَسُوعُ وَقَالَ لَهُ:«الْحَقَّ الْحَقَّ أَقُولُ لَكَ: إِنْ كَانَ أَحَدٌ لاَ يُولَدُ مِنْ فَوْقُ لاَ يَقْدِرُ أَنْ يَرَى مَلَكُوتَ اللهِ».3 Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.
4 قَالَ لَهُ نِيقُودِيمُوسُ:«كَيْفَ يُمْكِنُ الإِنْسَانَ أَنْ يُولَدَ وَهُوَ شَيْخٌ؟ أَلَعَلَّهُ يَقْدِرُ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ بَطْنَ أُمِّهِ ثَانِيَةً وَيُولَدَ؟»4 Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the second time into his mother's womb, and be born?
5 أَجَابَ يَسُوعُ:«الْحَقَّ الْحَقَّ أَقُولُ لَكَ: إِنْ كَانَ أَحَدٌ لاَ يُولَدُ مِنَ الْمَاءِ وَالرُّوحِ لاَ يَقْدِرُ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ مَلَكُوتَ اللهِ.5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
6 اَلْمَوْلُودُ مِنَ الْجَسَدِ جَسَدٌ هُوَ، وَالْمَوْلُودُ مِنَ الرُّوحِ هُوَ رُوحٌ.6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.
7 لاَ تَتَعَجَّبْ أَنِّي قُلْتُ لَكَ: يَنْبَغِي أَنْ تُولَدُوا مِنْ فَوْقُ.7 Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again.
8 اَلرِّيحُ تَهُبُّ حَيْثُ تَشَاءُ، وَتَسْمَعُ صَوْتَهَا، لكِنَّكَ لاَ تَعْلَمُ مِنْ أَيْنَ تَأْتِي وَلاَ إِلَى أَيْنَ تَذْهَبُ. هكَذَا كُلُّ مَنْ وُلِدَ مِنَ الرُّوحِ».8 The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit.
9 أَجَابَ نِيقُودِيمُوسُ وَقَالَ لَهُ:«كَيْفَ يُمْكِنُ أَنْ يَكُونَ هذَا؟»9 Nicodemus answered and said unto him, How can these things be?
10 أَجَابَ يَسُوعُ وَقَالَ لَهُ:«أَنْتَ مُعَلِّمُ إِسْرَائِيلَ وَلَسْتَ تَعْلَمُ هذَا!10 Jesus answered and said unto him, Art thou a master of Israel, and knowest not these things?
11 اَلْحَقَّ الْحَقَّ أَقُولُ لَكَ: إِنَّنَا إِنَّمَا نَتَكَلَّمُ بِمَا نَعْلَمُ وَنَشْهَدُ بِمَا رَأَيْنَا، وَلَسْتُمْ تَقْبَلُونَ شَهَادَتَنَا.11 Verily, verily, I say unto thee, We speak that we do know, and testify that we have seen; and ye receive not our witness.
12 إِنْ كُنْتُ قُلْتُ لَكُمُ الأَرْضِيَّاتِ وَلَسْتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ، فَكَيْفَ تُؤْمِنُونَ إِنْ قُلْتُ لَكُمُ السَّمَاوِيَّاتِ؟12 If I have told you earthly things, and ye believe not, how shall ye believe, if I tell you of heavenly things?
13 وَلَيْسَ أَحَدٌ صَعِدَ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ إِلاَّ الَّذِي نَزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ، ابْنُ الإِنْسَانِ الَّذِي هُوَ فِي السَّمَاءِ.13 And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven.
14 «وَكَمَا رَفَعَ مُوسَى الْحَيَّةَ فِي الْبَرِّيَّةِ هكَذَا يَنْبَغِي أَنْ يُرْفَعَ ابْنُ الإِنْسَانِ،14 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up:
15 لِكَيْ لاَ يَهْلِكَ كُلُّ مَنْ يُؤْمِنُ بِهِ بَلْ تَكُونُ لَهُ الْحَيَاةُ الأَبَدِيَّةُ.15 That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life.
16 لأَنَّهُ هكَذَا أَحَبَّ اللهُ الْعَالَمَ حَتَّى بَذَلَ ابْنَهُ الْوَحِيدَ، لِكَيْ لاَ يَهْلِكَ كُلُّ مَنْ يُؤْمِنُ بِهِ، بَلْ تَكُونُ لَهُ الْحَيَاةُ الأَبَدِيَّةُ.16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
17 لأَنَّهُ لَمْ يُرْسِلِ اللهُ ابْنَهُ إِلَى الْعَالَمِ لِيَدِينَ الْعَالَمَ، بَلْ لِيَخْلُصَ بِهِ الْعَالَمُ.17 For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved.
18 اَلَّذِي يُؤْمِنُ بِهِ لاَ يُدَانُ، وَالَّذِي لاَ يُؤْمِنُ قَدْ دِينَ، لأَنَّهُ لَمْ يُؤْمِنْ بِاسْمِ ابْنِ اللهِ الْوَحِيدِ.18 He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
19 وَهذِهِ هِيَ الدَّيْنُونَةُ: إِنَّ النُّورَ قَدْ جَاءَ إِلَى الْعَالَمِ، وَأَحَبَّ النَّاسُ الظُّلْمَةَ أَكْثَرَ مِنَ النُّورِ، لأَنَّ أَعْمَالَهُمْ كَانَتْ شِرِّيرَةً.19 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.
20 لأَنَّ كُلَّ مَنْ يَعْمَلُ السَّيِّآتِ يُبْغِضُ النُّورَ، وَلاَ يَأْتِي إِلَى النُّورِ لِئَلاَّ تُوَبَّخَ أَعْمَالُهُ.20 For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.
21 وَأَمَّا مَنْ يَفْعَلُ الْحَقَّ فَيُقْبِلُ إِلَى النُّورِ، لِكَيْ تَظْهَرَ أَعْمَالُهُ أَنَّهَا بِاللهِ مَعْمُولَةٌ».21 But he that doeth truth cometh to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest, that they are wrought in God.
22 وَبَعْدَ هذَا جَاءَ يَسُوعُ وَتَلاَمِيذُهُ إِلَى أَرْضِ الْيَهُودِيَّةِ، وَمَكَثَ مَعَهُمْ هُنَاكَ، وَكَانَ يُعَمِّدُ.22 After these things came Jesus and his disciples into the land of Judaea; and there he tarried with them, and baptized.
23 وَكَانَ يُوحَنَّا أَيْضًا يُعَمِّدُ فِي عَيْنِ نُونٍ بِقُرْبِ سَالِيمَ، لأَنَّهُ كَانَ هُنَاكَ مِيَاهٌ كَثِيرَةٌ، وَكَانُوا يَأْتُونَ وَيَعْتَمِدُونَ .23 And John also was baptizing in Aenon near to Salim, because there was much water there: and they came, and were baptized.
24 لأَنَّهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ يُوحَنَّا قَدْ أُلْقِيَ بَعْدُ فِي السِّجْنِ.24 For John was not yet cast into prison.
25 وَحَدَثَتْ مُبَاحَثَةٌ مِنْ تَلاَمِيذِ يُوحَنَّا مَعَ يَهُودٍ مِنْ جِهَةِ التَّطْهِيرِ.25 Then there arose a question between some of John's disciples and the Jews about purifying.
26 فَجَاءُوا إِلَى يُوحَنَّا وَقَالُوا لَهُ:«يَا مُعَلِّمُ، هُوَذَا الَّذِي كَانَ مَعَكَ فِي عَبْرِ الأُرْدُنِّ، الَّذِي أَنْتَ قَدْ شَهِدْتَ لَهُ، هُوَ يُعَمِّدُ، وَالْجَمِيعُ يَأْتُونَ إِلَيْهِ»26 And they came unto John, and said unto him, Rabbi, he that was with thee beyond Jordan, to whom thou barest witness, behold, the same baptizeth, and all men come to him.
27 أجَابَ يُوحَنَّا وَقَالَ:«لاَ يَقْدِرُ إِنْسَانٌ أَنْ يَأْخُذَ شَيْئًا إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ قَدْ أُعْطِيَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ.27 John answered and said, A man can receive nothing, except it be given him from heaven.
28 أَنْتُمْ أَنْفُسُكُمْ تَشْهَدُونَ لِي أَنِّي قُلْتُ: لَسْتُ أَنَا الْمَسِيحَ بَلْ إِنِّي مُرْسَلٌ أَمَامَهُ.28 Ye yourselves bear me witness, that I said, I am not the Christ, but that I am sent before him.
29 مَنْ لَهُ الْعَرُوسُ فَهُوَ الْعَرِيسُ، وَأَمَّا صَدِيقُ الْعَرِيسِ الَّذِي يَقِفُ وَيَسْمَعُهُ فَيَفْرَحُ فَرَحًا مِنْ أَجْلِ صَوْتِ الْعَرِيسِ. إِذًا فَرَحِي هذَا قَدْ كَمَلَ.29 He that hath the bride is the bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom, which standeth and heareth him, rejoiceth greatly because of the bridegroom's voice: this my joy therefore is fulfilled.
30 يَنْبَغِي أَنَّ ذلِكَ يَزِيدُ وَأَنِّي أَنَا أَنْقُصُ.30 He must increase, but I must decrease.
31 اَلَّذِي يَأْتِي مِنْ فَوْقُ هُوَ فَوْقَ الْجَمِيعِ، وَالَّذِي مِنَ الأَرْضِ هُوَ أَرْضِيٌّ، وَمِنَ الأَرْضِ يَتَكَلَّمُ. اَلَّذِي يَأْتِي مِنَ السَّمَاءِ هُوَ فَوْقَ الْجَمِيعِ،31 He that cometh from above is above all: he that is of the earth is earthly, and speaketh of the earth: he that cometh from heaven is above all.
32 وَمَا رَآهُ وَسَمِعَهُ بِهِ يَشْهَدُ، وَشَهَادَتُهُ لَيْسَ أَحَدٌ يَقْبَلُهَا.32 And what he hath seen and heard, that he testifieth; and no man receiveth his testimony.
33 وَمَنْ قَبِلَ شَهَادَتَهُ فَقَدْ خَتَمَ أَنَّ اللهَ صَادِقٌ،33 He that hath received his testimony hath set to his seal that God is true.
34 لأَنَّ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَهُ اللهُ يَتَكَلَّمُ بِكَلاَمِ اللهِ. لأَنَّهُ لَيْسَ بِكَيْل يُعْطِي اللهُ الرُّوحَ.34 For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him.
35 اَلآبُ يُحِبُّ الابْنَ وَقَدْ دَفَعَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ فِي يَدِهِ.35 The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all things into his hand.
36 الَّذِي يُؤْمِنُ بِالابْنِ لَهُ حَيَاةٌ أَبَدِيَّةٌ، وَالَّذِي لاَ يُؤْمِنُ بِالابْنِ لَنْ يَرَى حَيَاةً بَلْ يَمْكُثُ عَلَيْهِ غَضَبُ اللهِ».36 He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him.